reación y difusión de redes de intercambio de archivos P2P es legal en España

La justicia ratifica la legalidad del P2P
http://www.elreferente.es/ 12/04/2014

La Audiencia Provincial de Madrid ha ratificado que la creación y difusión de redes de intercambio de archivos P2P es legal en España. La Audiencia desestima de esta manera el recurso interpuesto por las discográficas contra la decisión del Juzgado de lo Mercantil y da la razón aldesarrollador de software español Pablo Soto, demandado por violar la propiedad intelectual y por competencia desleal.

Entre las discográficas demandantes nos encontramos con algunas de las más importantes del mundo como Universal, Warner, Sony BMG o Emi, a parte de la patronal PROMUSICAE que llevaron el caso a juicio en diciembre de 2011 reclamando una indemnización de 13 millones de euros por dichas actividades. El Juzagado de lo Mercantil número 4 de Madrid ya desestimó íntegramente la demanda pero las discográficas recurrieron la resolución.

El propio Pablo Soto ha ironizado sobre la resolución judicial en su propia cuenta de Twitter. “He vuelto a ganar a las multinacionales. Menos mal, porque ahora que estoy sin un euro, pagarles 13 millones me venía fatal”, comenta Soto sobre lo que considera una “victoria”.

P2P ES LEGAL EN ESPAÑA

Uno de sus abogados, David Bravo, también ha comentado algunos de los puntos de la sentencia, la cual ratifica que “crear y difundir redes P2P es legal en España”. En el texto resolutorio los jueces señalan como “la doctrina emanada de la condena a Napster en EEUU no es trasladable a España, donde crear redes P2P no infringe la Ley” y que “ofertar tecnología P2P avanzada no supone incurrir en actos de expolio ni de aprovechamiento indebido del esfuerzo ajeno”.

Según Bravo, está contento por la decisión judicial ya que esta “da seguridad jurídica a los desarrolladores de software en España, que no serán responsables de los usos de su herramienta”.

Los documentos aportes y soportes de tesis y conclusiones acertadas

‘Errores históricos de la provincia de Ciudad Real’, de Luis Gómez Torrijos, será presentado en el Centro Cultural “Laminium” de Alhambra, el 19 de abril
http://www.oretania.es/ 12/04/2014

Redacción · Luis Gómez Torrijos es el autor del libro ‘Errores Históricos de la provincia de Ciudad Real. Alhambra y pueblos de su entorno’, título con el que concurrió al VIII Concurso ‘Oretania’ de Investigación Histórica, alzándose con el premio ‘Alhambra’. El sábado 19 de abril se presenta en el Centro Cultural “Laminium” de Alhambra.

Será en el Centro Cultural “Laminium”, situado en la calle de la Cruz, de Alhambra, cuando el sábado 19 de abril, a partir de las 21,00 horas, albergue el momento de la presentación. En el acto se contará con la presencia del autor, el historiador, Luis Gómez Torrijos, el concejal de Cultura y Primer Teniente de Alcalde del Ayuntamiento de Alhambra, Francisco Gómez Horcajada, el también historiador y escritor José González Ortiz y el director de la empresa editora, Julio Criado García.

El ejemplar que presenta Ediciones C&G, sello editorial del Grupo de Comunicación Oretania, alcanza las 168 páginas en un cómodo volumen de consulta con dimensiones de 150×210 milímetros y encuadernación en rústica.


Luis Gómez Torrijos nos detalla aspectos de su libro

Cuando inicié las investigaciones de la historia de la Provincia de Ciudad Real y en concreto de Alhambra observé que había ciertos relatos que me intrigaban por parecer, en un principio, extraños en la historia de La Mancha, por lo cual tomé la determinación de documentarme más ampliamente en cada uno de ellos.

Para mi es una labor ingrata, tener que contradecir lo ya escrito por diversos autores y corregirlo, pero la verdad ha de mantenerse por encima de todo, ya que tenemos derecho a conocer nuestra historia, de un modo correcto y no del modo que la hemos conocido hasta ahora, con añadidos de poblaciones que nada tienen que ver entre sí. Bien es cierto que la mayoría de los errores no tienen su origen en historiadores, sino en diccionarios y autores de los siglos XVIII, XIX y XX, los cuales recogieron ciertos relatos históricos y los añadieron a poblaciones que no les correspondían.

No me guía nada más que intentar aclarar ciertas dudas que se me han presentado sobre la historia de nuestra Provincia, y especialmente sobre la historia de Alhambra, que por tener un nombre repetido y unos hechos históricos en fechas similares de época medieval, como es el caso del pueblo de Alfambra de la provincia de Teruel, el palacio de la Alhambra de Granada. Por si fuera poco los nombres a lo largo del tiempo cambian, aunque solamente sea una letra, Alhambra, Alfambra, Alcobela, Alcubilla, Alcubillas, Malvicino, Malvecino, Malvecinos, etc.

Sé que me expongo yo también a errar, pero con la documentación que aporto en cada uno de los temas que recojo, espero que sirva de soporte a mis tesis y la conclusión sea acertada.

Trataré de los errores que se describen a continuación, analizando cada uno de ellos, e intentando explicar las causas que los motivaron o las interpretaciones erróneas, procurando, a pesar de ser temas distintos, presentarlos como un texto provincial, a modo de relato histórico medieval, ordenado por fechas, y empezando por los más antiguos, pues si exceptuamos el de tema económico de la mina de cobre de Villamanrique, todos tienen un contexto aproximado, fechado entre los siglos VII a XV, es decir, desde la invasión musulmana hasta la reconquista cristiana de la Península.

Lugares con errores o aclaraciones de la Provincia de Ciudad Real: Alhambra, Alcubillas, Almedina, Malvecinos, Santa Cruz de los Cáñamos, La Solana y Villamanrique. Siete lugares que han tenido que soportar durante casi dos siglos, narraciones históricas que no les correspondían.

1.- Error de Sebastián de Miñano y Bedoya: Alhambra está sita en el término de Almedina (Ciudad Real).

2.- Estudio sobre el polémico castillo de Alhambra: árabe o cristiano.

3.- Error de Pascual Madoz: Al otorgar un relato histórico de Alfambra (Teruel) a Alhambra de Ciudad Real, referente a Isembardo, Adhemaro, Bera y Borrel.

4.- Error de Pascual Madoz sobre el engrandecimiento de Alhambra por El Kaisi, cuando se trata de La Alhambra de Granada.

5.- Error de Antonio Blázquez y Delgado Aguilera: Sobre la pertenencia de Alhambra, Villarrubia de los Ojos y Malvecinos (Ciudad Real) a la orden de Monte Gaudio, cuando se trata de pueblos de la provincia de Teruel con nombres similares, Alfambra, Villarrubio y Malvecino.

6.- Error de Inocente Hervás y Buendía, al adjudicar un hecho histórico a Alcubillas (Ciudad Real), cuando pertenece a Alcubilla del Marqués (Soria).

7.- Error de Inocente Hervás y Buendía sobre la donación de La Solana y Santa Cruz de los Cáñamos (Ciudad Real) por D. Pedro Fernández de Castro, cuando se trata de Solana y Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Cáceres).

8.- Frase incompleta sobre Alhambra, recogida de las Relaciones Topográficas de La Solana, de 1575 y mal interpretada por autores posteriores: “Era grande población y salian del ciento de a caballo, todos en caballos blancos”.

9.- Error de Sebastián de Miñano, al situar una mina de cobre en Villamanrique de Tajo (Madrid), cuando corresponde a Villamanrique (Ciudad Real).

Espero que este estudio sirva para corregir o aclarar los errores descritos, y se puedan escribir de nuevo algunos aspectos de la historia de la provincia de Ciudad Real, sin criticar a los que los cometieron, más bien comprender sus limitaciones, pues con los medios que contaban, comunicándose a través de colaboradores, no todos con conocimientos suficientes de la zona que les fuera otorgada, generalmente por falta de libros o archivos donde consultar; y cuando se tenían los archivos a mano, eran confusos por la duplicidad de los nombres, y en algunos casos existe el inconveniente de estar en latín, o en castellano antiguo, lo que aumenta la dificultad, por tanto, deseo que otros estudiosos locales o regionales sean capaces de realizar una labor parecida y comprobar si los relatos publicados son ciertos.

Harbingers of Springtime

Celebrating the coming of spring, I took a gleeful stroll through our Rare Books Collection and pulled out some of my favorite harbingers of the season.  This also happens to be a great way of highlighting our substantial holdings in Natural History, Earth Science, and Nature .  And, of course, Emily Dickinson, who cannot meet the spring unmoved.  She and I have that in common.

Emily Dickinson "I cannot meet the spring unmoved," AC 230, F 1122, J 1051

Emily Dickinson “I cannot meet the spring unmoved,” AC 230, F 1122, J 1051

Our holdings in Ornithology include an outstanding copy of the double elephant folio edition of John James Audubon’s Birds of America, as well as the Richard L. Soffer (Class of 1954) Ornithology Collection.

Richard L. Soffer ’54 has donated an extensive collection of volumes about birds, with many books specifically focused on the various methods and techniques that have been used to reproduce illustrations of birds. The books in the collection provide examples of every type of illustrative technique: hand painting, woodcut and wood engraving, etching and engraving, lithography, and modern photomechanical methods.

robin018

Brasher, Rex, and Lisa McGaw. Birds & trees of North America. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1961.

Early signs of spring in our area are the return of the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) and the Woodcock (Scolopax minor).

Rickman, Philip. A selection of bird paintings and sketches. London: Curpotten, 1979. Print.from the Richard L. Soffer (Class of 1954) Ornithology Collection

Rickman, Philip. A selection of bird paintings and sketches. London: Curpotten, 1979. from the Richard L. Soffer (Class of 1954) Ornithology Collection

Emily Dickinson  wrote several poems about the early returning Robin.  This and all of Amherst College’s Dickinson manuscripts have been digitized and are viewable on the Amherst College Digital Collections repository.

Emily Dickinson "The robin is the one," AC 92-1, F 501, J 828

Emily Dickinson “The robin is the one,” AC 92-1, F 501, J 828

 

The Robin is the One
That interrupt the Morn
With hurried—few—express Reports
When March is scarcely on—

The Robin is the One
That overflow the Noon
With her cherubic quantity—
An April but begun—

The Robin is the One
That speechless from her Nest
Submit that Home—and Certainty
And Sanctity, are best

 

 

 

In the yard and woods, early appearances of the season include the blooming croci and bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis).  The two images below are hand colored engravings from a 4 volume 1850s publication of A.B. Strong’s The American Flora.

crocus009

Strong, A. B.. The American flora: or history of plants and wild flowers. New-York: Strong and Bidwell, 1853.

bloodroot012

Strong, A. B.. The American flora: or history of plants and wild flowers. New-York: Strong and Bidwell, 1853.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Just this week we’ve started hearing spring peepers (Pseudacris crucifer) and the salamanders have begun to emerge after the rains.  These images are from a 1842 publication of the Natural History of New York.

peepers001

DeKay, James E.. Natural history of New York: Zoology. New York: D. Appleton :, 1842.

salamanders002

DeKay, James E.. Natural history of New York: Zoology. New York: D. Appleton :, 1842.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Charles M. Pratt Lepidoptera Collection includes numerous volumes about New England butterflies, some containing beautiful hand colored plates.  At this time of year, the Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus) and the Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon) can be found throughout Massachusetts.
butterfly015

Butterflies, 67 plates

butterfly014

Butterflies, 67 Plates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And finally, one of the more bizarre springtime beauties which I have seen coming up recently: the Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus).  This image is also a hand colored engraving from The American Flora.

skunkcabbage011

Strong, A. B.. The American flora: or history of plants and wild flowers. New-York: Strong and Bidwell, 1853.

These and other holdings in Botany, Ornithology, Zoology and Nature can be found in the Archives and Special Collections.  And don’t forget that a little madness in the spring is wholesome, says Emily Dickinson.

Emily Dickinson "A little madness in the spring," AC 106, J 1333, F 1356

Emily Dickinson “A little madness in the spring,” AC 106, J 1333, F 1356

 

Harbingers of Springtime

Celebrating the coming of spring, I took a gleeful stroll through our Rare Books Collection and pulled out some of my favorite harbingers of the season.  This also happens to be a great way of highlighting our substantial holdings in Natural History, Earth Science, and Nature .  And, of course, Emily Dickinson, who cannot meet the spring unmoved.  She and I have that in common.

Emily Dickinson "I cannot meet the spring unmoved," AC 230, F 1122, J 1051

Emily Dickinson “I cannot meet the spring unmoved,” AC 230, F 1122, J 1051

Our holdings in Ornithology include an outstanding copy of the double elephant folio edition of John James Audubon’s Birds of America, as well as the Richard L. Soffer (Class of 1954) Ornithology Collection.

Richard L. Soffer ’54 has donated an extensive collection of volumes about birds, with many books specifically focused on the various methods and techniques that have been used to reproduce illustrations of birds. The books in the collection provide examples of every type of illustrative technique: hand painting, woodcut and wood engraving, etching and engraving, lithography, and modern photomechanical methods.

robin018

Brasher, Rex, and Lisa McGaw. Birds & trees of North America. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1961.

Early signs of spring in our area are the return of the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) and the Woodcock (Scolopax minor).

Rickman, Philip. A selection of bird paintings and sketches. London: Curpotten, 1979. Print.from the Richard L. Soffer (Class of 1954) Ornithology Collection

Rickman, Philip. A selection of bird paintings and sketches. London: Curpotten, 1979. from the Richard L. Soffer (Class of 1954) Ornithology Collection

Emily Dickinson  wrote several poems about the early returning Robin.  This and all of Amherst College’s Dickinson manuscripts have been digitized and are viewable on the Amherst College Digital Collections repository.

Emily Dickinson "The robin is the one," AC 92-1, F 501, J 828

Emily Dickinson “The robin is the one,” AC 92-1, F 501, J 828

 

The Robin is the One
That interrupt the Morn
With hurried—few—express Reports
When March is scarcely on—

The Robin is the One
That overflow the Noon
With her cherubic quantity—
An April but begun—

The Robin is the One
That speechless from her Nest
Submit that Home—and Certainty
And Sanctity, are best

 

 

 

In the yard and woods, early appearances of the season include the blooming croci and bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis).  The two images below are hand colored engravings from a 4 volume 1850s publication of A.B. Strong’s The American Flora.

crocus009

Strong, A. B.. The American flora: or history of plants and wild flowers. New-York: Strong and Bidwell, 1853.

bloodroot012

Strong, A. B.. The American flora: or history of plants and wild flowers. New-York: Strong and Bidwell, 1853.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Just this week we’ve started hearing spring peepers (Pseudacris crucifer) and the salamanders have begun to emerge after the rains.  These images are from a 1842 publication of the Natural History of New York.

peepers001

DeKay, James E.. Natural history of New York: Zoology. New York: D. Appleton :, 1842.

salamanders002

DeKay, James E.. Natural history of New York: Zoology. New York: D. Appleton :, 1842.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Charles M. Pratt Lepidoptera Collection includes numerous volumes about New England butterflies, some containing beautiful hand colored plates.  At this time of year, the Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus) and the Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon) can be found throughout Massachusetts.
butterfly015

Butterflies, 67 plates

butterfly014

Butterflies, 67 Plates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And finally, one of the more bizarre springtime beauties which I have seen coming up recently: the Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus).  This image is also a hand colored engraving from The American Flora.

skunkcabbage011

Strong, A. B.. The American flora: or history of plants and wild flowers. New-York: Strong and Bidwell, 1853.

These and other holdings in Botany, Ornithology, Zoology and Nature can be found in the Archives and Special Collections.  And don’t forget that a little madness in the spring is wholesome, says Emily Dickinson.

Emily Dickinson "A little madness in the spring," AC 106, J 1333, F 1356

Emily Dickinson “A little madness in the spring,” AC 106, J 1333, F 1356

 

Ask Henda

The Theo Westenberger Archives contain a complete photographic record of an editorial and commercial photographer active in the late twentieth century. The work of successful commercial photographers reflects the cultural values of their time. By looking at who, what, and how they photograph, we see how contemporary interests and values shift over time.

In Theo’s archive we also have photographs of historical and cultural significance. The photograph at the top of this page is an example.

We do not know exactly where and when the “chicken savant” was photographed.  Clearly this live animal act struck Theo as an antiquated curiosity. In the early to mid-twentieth century, animals such as pigs, horses, and chickens were trained to display reactions—such as counting and answering questions—that implied intelligence. Popular attractions at state fairs and agricultural shows, interest in these small trained animals, popularized by the animal psychologist B. F. Skinner, waned in the late twentieth century. The most famous tourist attraction that trained and displayed this type of animal, the IQ Zoo in Hot Springs, Arkansas, closed in 1990.

However, our fascination with manifestations of the intelligence of trained animals has not diminished; it has simply shifted to larger animals in more spectacular acts. Dolphins and whales are celebrities, performing in highly produced and nationally renowned permanent tourist facilities that attract millions of visitors a year.

Henda’s act seems humble in comparison.

A Walking Tour of Don Draper’s New York

Don Draper probably isn’t hustling into the 1970s, but rumor has it this season’s Mad Men might end at the dawn of that tumultuous decade. What did New York actually look and sound like at the time? We resurrected an audio tour guide of midtown Manhattan from 1971 that offers a clue.

Produced by Pan American Worldwide Airlines, the guide is oddly sunny, given that the prevailing narrative of the era is of a city in turmoil: economic stagnation, historically high crimes rates, a failing subway system, poor social services, riots, blackouts. We learn instead that Madison Square Garden cost more than $100 million to build, that Penn Station has a “magnificent circular arena,” and that 42nd street, with its skyscrapers and open spaces, is a “showplace of the city.”

There are 19 spots on the tour, including vestiges of old New York like the Fur District and the Millinery District (600 hat companies were once housed there!). We’ve plotted them all on the interactive map below. Take a listen, and if you’re so inclined, dig out your platform shoes and make the trek yourself. Slideshow images courtesy of NYPL Digital Galleries.

‘Educating Londoners’ Event at London Metropolitan Archives

On Friday 9 May, 2014, along with London Metropolitan Archives (LMA), we are holding a study day conference, Educating Londoners: Sharing Experiences in the Archives, taking place at LMA.

Join us for a day of talks, recollections and document viewing to explore the stories of Londoners and their education. LMA partners with the Archives at the University of London’s Institute of Education to inspire discussion and reflection on education in London in the 20th century. From school architecture to school yard play, teacher unionism to after school detention, school dinners to curriculum reform, this day’s timetable can cover it all.

Places can be reserved here, free of charge.

Architects & Buildings Branch Archive Collection

Architects & Buildings Branch Archive Collection

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Programme for the day

As the programme illustrates, subjects for the day will be quite varied, and we’re looking forward to hearing about attendee’s experiences with their own education, in addition to hearing from four very unique, engaging speakers…

Professor Jane Martin (University of Birmingham) is the School of Education’s Deputy Head with responsibility for Strategic Development and Head of Department of Education and Social Justice. She moved to Birmingham from the Institute of Education, University of London, where she was Head of Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. She has lectured in Education Studies, History, Sociology and Women’s Studies. Her publications include Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England, winner of the History of Education Society (UK) Book Prize 2002 and Making Socialists: Mary Bridges Adams and the Fight for Knowledge and Power 1855-1939 (2010). Her books with Joyce Goodman include Women and Education 1800-1980 (2004) and a 4-volume set for Routledge Women and Education: Major Themes in Education (2011). She is a past editor of the journal History of Education, past president of the UK History of Education Society and was the Brian Simon BERA Educational Research Fellow for 2004/5. She is a member of the Education Sub-panel for the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) on behalf of the UK Higher Education Funding Councils and the holder of a British Academy / Leverhulme Small Grant: Caroline DeCamp Benn: A Comprehensive Life, 1926-2000.

Professor Michael Fielding: Currently Emeritus Professor of Education at the Institute of Education, University of London and Visiting Professor of Education at the University of Bristol, Michael Fielding taught for 19 years in some of the UK’s pioneer radical secondary comprehensive schools and for a similar period and with identical commitments at the universities of Cambridge, London and Sussex.

Widely published in the fields of student voice, educational leadership and radical democratic education, his latest book, co-authored with Peter Moss, Radical Education and the Common School – a democratic alternative (Routledge 2011) seeks to reclaim education as a democratic project and a community responsibility and school as a public space of encounter for all citizens. He has recently received a grant from the Leverhulme Foundation to continue his research on the life and work of Alex Bloom, from 1945-55 headteacher of St George-in-the East, Stepney, one of the most radical democratic secondary schools England has ever seen.

Dr Hilda Kean is former dean of Ruskin College, Oxford where she taught history for many years (and campaigned to keep their student archives from destruction!) She has published widely on cultural/public history/family history and non-human animals. Hilda’s numerous books include Deeds not Words. The Lives of Suffragette Teachers (Pluto,1990), London Stories. Personal Lives, Public Histories (Rivers Oram, 2004) and The Public History Reader (Routledge, 2013) edited with Paul Martin. She is currently writing a book for the University of Chicago Press on the animal-human relationship on the Home Front during the 1939 – 45 war. Hilda has run many workshops on researching and writing family history at the London Metropolitan Archives and conducts guided walks with a London animal theme. She can be contacted via her website http://hildakean.com/

Professor Ken Jones has been Professor of Education at Goldsmiths since 2010, having previously worked in London secondary schools, at the Institute of Education, and at Keele University. As a teacher, he was secretary of the Barking & Dagenham Association of the NUT and for 8 years a member of the union’s national executive.

As an academic, the main area of his current interest is education policy, and the conflicts around it. He writes about the economic and social crisis through which Britain, and other countries in Europe, have been living since the financial crash of 2008. He analyses the education policies developed by governments in this period, and the ways in which these policies are critiqued and challenged by those who do not share current policy orthodoxies. Some of his articles are about the ideas and practices developed in the radical education of the twentieth century; others look at more recent alternatives. His two latest, edited, books are ‘Education in Europe: the politics of austerity’ (free to download at http://radicaledbks.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/education-in-europe.pdf) and, with Catherine Burke ‘Education, Childhood and Anarchism; talking Colin Ward’.

 

We hope to see you there!  If you’d like any further details, please contact me at alexandra.hall@ioe.ac.uk. 

Tagged: 11+, archives, Democratic Education, education, Gendered Education, Hilda Kean, Jane Martin, Ken Jones, LMA, London Metropolitan Archives, Michael Fielding, Teacher Strikes, women teachers

“…inaceptable que (…) un señor que no soporta los archivos eche mano a la justicia para arremeter contra periodistas o medios

Un medio debe remover un artículo de la web por pedido de un ex juez
http://www.analisisdigital.com.ar/ 10/04/2014

La jueza federal de Concepción del Uruguay, Beatriz Aranguren, hizo lugar a un pedido de habeas data y ordenó al sitio Diario Junio retirar de la web un artículo donde contaba que el entonces designado y luego removido juez de Concordia Julián Genaro Quevedo había firmado solicitadas de apoyo al represor Ricardo Miguel Cavallo cuando fue detenido en México, en 2002. El fallo fue apelado ante la Cámara Federal de Apelaciones de Paraná y en las próximas horas, el CELS presentará un amicus curiae para que se le permita dar su opinión en el caso. 


El 27 de diciembre, la magistrada ordenó a los buscadores Yahoo! y Google, a Diario Junio y otro sitio web que “realicen todos los actos necesarios –utilizando los medios técnicos, humanos y económicos que se requieran– para eliminar y/o bloquear toda posibilidad de que por medio de sus buscadores pueda accederse al contenido de los blogs que poseen la información falaz respecto al accionante –Sr. Julián Genaro Quevedo– en relación a su presunta suscripción de una solicitada del 2002 titulada ‘Apoyo de las FFAA, de Seguridad y Policiales’ y un pedido en el año 2003 dirigido al Presidente de México, exigiendo la inmediata libertad de Ricardo Cavallo y su seguro regreso a la Argentina y/o suprimir de sus sitios la misma”, según consta en el fallo al que accedió Página Judicial.

La decisión de la jueza Aranguren fue recurrida por Carlos (Claudio) Gastaldi, editor de Diario Junio, por considerar el fallo es “a todas luces arbitrario e írrito”, y ahora será la Cámara Federal de Apelaciones la que resuelva sobre el planteo de Quevedo.

En principio, el abogado Rubén Pagliotto, que representa al periodista, cuestionó que la jueza Aranguren “se inclina abiertamente por otorgar credibilidad palmaria a los dichos del ex magistrado interino (Quevedo) por sobre lo que aportaron como argumentos defensivos el consorcio de demandados”, en referencia a Gastaldi, Yahoo! y Google.

Más allá de esto, en su escrito ante la Cámara Federal de Apelaciones de Paraná, Pagliotto hizo hincapié en que la pretensión de Quevedo, a la cual hizo lugar la jueza Aranguren, “juega abiertamente en contra de la libertad de expresión y opinión”.

Además, en las próximas horas, el Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS), a través del abogado Damián Loreti, se presentará ante el tribunal para que sea tenido en cuenta como amicus curiae y se le permita dar su opinión en el caso. Esta figura, que traducida del latín significa “amigos del tribunal”, es un recurso para que las personas individuales o colectivas que tengan un interés legítimo y justificado en brindar su opinión sobre diferentes cuestiones tratadas en un proceso, puedan hacerlo, y así lo reguló la Corte Suprema a partir de 2004.

Respecto de la apelación, Pagliotto consideró que “es inaceptable que (…) un señor que no soporta los archivos eche mano a la justicia para arremeter contra los periodistas o medios que simplemente cumplieron con la tarea de difundir una información que aparece en la web” e insistió en que Diario Junio “en modo alguno es el responsable de que el nombre de Quevedo aparezca en la web emparentado con hechos gravísimos” y agregó: Gastaldi no inventó las solicitadas. Estas existieron y desde hacía diez años estaban consignadas en los sitios web”.

En su momento, Quevedo negó haber suscripto las notas de apoyo al represor de la Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada (ESMA): “No sé cómo esos nombres (el suyo, el de su esposa y otros familiares de la mujer) fueron incluidos en las peticiones” al presidente mexicano Vicente Fox. Sin embargo, Pagliotto destacó el rol que cumplió el general Raúl José Ortiz, suegro de Quevedo, durante la represión, como fundamento para sostener que “la aparición de su nombre y apellido completo (de Quevedo), junto a su número de DNI en por lo menos dos notas, en diferentes años (2002/2003) y con la misma orientación ideológica es demasiada coincidencia como para creer, sin más, sus dichos respecto de que él no firmó nada”.

Fuente. Página Judicial.

Textiles, Teachers, and Troops project launch

Textiles, teachers, and troops project launch from jdgwynn

The Digital Projects team are proud to announce the launch of Textiles, Teachers, and Troops: Greensboro, 1880-1945. The website was publicly presented last night for the first time during an event at the Greensboro Historical Museum. Speakers included Dr. Kevin Cherry, Deputy Secretary of Archives and History in the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources; Stephen Catlett; Digital Project Manager for the UNCG University Libraries; and David Gwynn, Digital Projects Coordinator at UNCG.

Textiles, Teachers, and Troops makes available more than 175,000 digital images including photographs, manuscripts, rare books, scrapbooks, printed materials, and oral histories documenting the social and cultural development of Greensboro. The project is a collaboration between UNCG, Bennett College, Greensboro College, Greensboro Historical Museum, Greensboro Public Library, Guilford College, and N.C. A&T State University, documenting the history of Greensboro from 1880-1945 through the influence of the textile industry, education, and the military.

The project was funded in part through a Library Services and Technology Act Grant administered by the State Library of North Carolina.

The project website may be seen at http://digitalgreensboro.org/.

Razones para usar software libre sin ser excluyentes

Razones para usar software libre sin ser excluyentes

Software Libre y Software Propietario Cuando leemos sobre software libre y software propietario, por utilizar términos de uso común, muchas veces da la sensación de que estamos ante dos espacios enfrentados e incompatibles. Desde mi punto de vista este es un planteamiento, sin duda, erróneo. Como usuario que emplea ambos modelos, creo que es más [...]

Consultores Documentales

Derby Police Journals go to Canberra

Lise Summers
Wednesday, April 9, 2014 – 12:06

A guest blog from George Main, from the National Museum of Australia.

Notes made by Constable Napier in his police journal, 1907.  (WAS 76,cons 430, 1907/1571)

Brief description from PC Napier about Aboriginal prisoners.

My name is George Main, and I work as a curator at the National Museum of Australia in Canberra. In 2011 the Museum opened a new gallery called Landmarks: People and Places around Australia. This gallery explores a broad history of Australia through stories of places and their peoples. In the ‘Grazing the Grasslands’ section, the West Kimberley town of Derby features as one of four places through which stories of Australian pastoralism are told.

The Derby exhibit contains a rich array of objects, from prize cups won by the pioneering Emanuel family for their Shorthorn cattle, to boab ‘nuts’ carved by local Aboriginal man Jack Wherra in the 1960s. Also on display are pages from police journals held by the State Records Office of WA (SROWA), generously on loan to the Museum. These documents offer fascinating insights into the tense and often bloody relationships that existed between Aboriginal groups in the West Kimberley, pastoralists and police.

When pastoralists moved into the west Kimberley region in the 1880s, they occupied the territories of the Nyikina, Warawa, Bunuba, Yungngora and other Aboriginal peoples. Aboriginal men and women resisted pastoral settlement by burning pastures and livestock, making deadly spearheads of glass and iron, and fighting police and pastoralists with guns. Settlers and colonial authorities responded with their own weapons. In a major uprising in 1894, police shot 50 Aboriginal people on west Kimberley stations.

During the decades of conflict, police arrested many Aboriginal men for killing cattle and walked them to Derby for trial. In 1909 alone, the town magistrate convicted 113 Aboriginal men for such crimes. Cattlekillers were sentenced to years of hard labour. Some served their sentences in Derby; others were sent to prisons as far away as Rottnest Island. The pages on loan from SROWA record the long journeys made by policemen as they walked Aboriginal prisoners arrested for cattle killing into Derby for trial.

To learn more about the Landmarks gallery and the Derby exhibit, click here: http://www.nma.gov.au/exhibitions/landmarks/about_landmarks/grazing_the_grasslands

 

Gravesite of PC Napier

The grave of policeman William Richardson, a victim of the West Kimberley conflict, Derby. Photography by George Main, National Museum of Australia.

Music For American Youth

From the January, 1941 WQXR Program Guide:

Mr. Ganz is conductor of the Young People’s Chorus of the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Society. He is a pioneer in the field of children’s concerts, having directed such concerts for the past eighteen years. The Young People’s Concerts from Town Hall, New York, January 13th and February 17th at 3:45 P.M. will be broadcast by WQXR.

There seems to be in some uninformed circles, the general impression that the musical education of American youth is being neglected. Yet nothing could be farther from the truth. At the moment America offers a unique opportunity for the presentation and appreciation of the better music. Nor is this, as many might be tempted to think, solely because a European war has put an end for the time being to cultural development abroad.

Young people’s and children’s concerts, which for the past eighteen years have flourished in the United States, bringing music of the highest type to hundreds of thousands, indeed millions of the younger generation, are a purely American institution. They were tried for a short time in Switzerland, but the project was abandoned. They were suggested, needed, desired in Paris, but given up for lack of money. Naturally all such institutions abroad are state-supported, and securing the passage of an act of Parliament solely to give children an opportunity to hear fine music seems difficult to negotiate.

I doubt very much if Americans generally realize how much they owe to women’s clubs for the cultural progress of this country. Had there been such organizations abroad I am sure that the musical education of children, particularly in the smaller countries, would have been better safeguarded. For it is the women’s clubs in many cities in the United States that have done much to stimulate interest in good music in the home, club and concert hall and so have given indirect impetus to our most successful experiments in musical education for American youth.

Traveling, as I do, all over the country, I am increasingly impressed, year by year, by the growth of musical interest among the young. Through the great number of high school orchestras and bands the instinct for self expression through music has been reawakened. Our young people are no longer content merely to hear music. They want to perform it themselves.

The wealth of good musical literature adapted to youthful presentation which has been turned out by American composers during the past few years is yet another factor in the increasing musical consciousness of our young people. The ability to write good music in easy style is not only a high form of musical art, but the mastery of this technique by American composers has had tremendous influence in teaching our young people to enjoy performing music, rather than to accept it as an arduous but necessary phase of their cultural education. So that we are now in an encouraging stage of our musical development.

Naturally, I could not write of musical education for young people without reference to children’s and young people’s concerts as an important factor in the general educational program. The late Ernest Schelling, who for so many years conducted these concerts here in New York, created standards of efficiency which should be an inspiration to directors of children’s concerts everywhere. Particularly commendable is the widespread participation of the children in preparations for the concert, such as writing the notes which are published in the program, keeping notebooks dealing with the compositions performed, etc. This actual participation in the concerts gives them far greater value than if the children were merely to come and listen to the music. Moreover such concerts are a factor greatly to be reckoned with in adult education. Many parents who thought themselves non-musical have become musical enthusiasts merely by accompanying the young people of their family.

I am not, of course, in New York all the time, and so cannot listen regularly to the musical programs given by station WQXR, but I have been studying some of its program announcements and am astounded and delighted by the wealth and variety of fine music it offers and infinitely pleased that it gives young people outside the metropolitan area an opportunity to share in the Town Hall concerts of our Young People’s Series. Certainly the owners and managers of a station which presents so much of musical worth are entitled to seats in the grande estrade in Heaven, even though theirs may be smaller chairs than those of the musical immortals. 

 

New York Philharmonic Young People’s Concert program cover from November 13, 1943 with Rudolph Ganz conducting. (Program scan courtesy of New York Philharmonic Leon Levy Digital Archives)

Parliament, Stars and ‘Suffragette’

One of my favourite things about the NUWT collection is the range of causes members were involved in throughout the first half of the twentieth century.  Obviously the issue of equal pay for women teachers was the driving force of their campaigning, but that didn’t stop them from becoming involved in a range of causes – including the interwar peace movement; the education of girls; the impact of cinema on children; the nationality of married women issue; and women’s suffrage.

If you’re interested in any of the issues that pop up in our NUWT archive or this blog, you’ll probably also be keen to see the new film, currently titled ‘Suffragette’, currently shooting in London.  While filming has primarily been taking place in East London, the film is also set to shoot in the Houses of Parliament at Westminster.  The fact that this is the first commercial film to be given filming prvileges in Parliament says a great deal about the value of sharing this very significant period in history (I cannot even imagine the bad press for Westminster if they had said no to filming scenes for ‘Suffragette’).  The film stars Carey Mulligan, Helena Bonham Carter and Meryl Streep as suffragette leader, Emmeline Pankhurst (see photos of Streep in costume as Pankhurst here).

fasdf

NUWT members laying a wreath at the statue of Emmeline Pankhurst outside the Houses of Parliament c1932.  Doc Ref: UWT/G/2/39

While we don’t necessarily need a star studded film to appreciate the women’s suffrage movement, it is nice to see it being recognised. Also, in the often male dominated film industry, it is pretty great to see such a talented female cast under the direction of Sarah Gavron.

*Also, a huge thanks to our volunteer, Jeremy, for making documents – like the photograph seen above – more accessible.  As part of our HLF project, Jeremy, who has been with us since January, spends Monday afternoons on an NUWT digitisation project.  He scans and organises the NUWT archive collection’s photographs (such as the one above) so that they are preserved and accessible for archive readers, regardless of geographical proximity to the IOE.  Thanks again, Jeremy!*

Tagged: archive, Carey Mulligan, Emmeline Pankhurst, Meryl Streep, NUWT, parliament, suffragette, Westminster

A Gorgeous Something

The success of Jen Bervin and Marta Werner’s recently published The Gorgeous Nothings suggests that this might be a good opportunity to say something about another modest yet gorgeous nothing from our collection.

While researching a minor detail of Emily Dickinson’s biography during the summer of 2012, I came across a folder that caught my eye.

ED_Coll_Bx29-F1_folder_title

When I looked at the contents, I thought, well of course that’s Dickinson’s handwriting. Why doesn’t the folder say so?
Emily_Dickinson-Amherst_Academy-List_Bx29_F1 Emily_Dickinson_AA_List_Verso

As is often the case with Dickinson-related topics, that question led me happily down rabbit holes galore. At this point, a reader might reasonably wonder whether there is any research value to a list of names. I would submit — and hope to show — that there is.

The only published mention of this list that I’m aware of is in Mabel Loomis Todd’s 1931 edition of The Letters of Emily Dickinson. In a footnote on page 23 relating to a letter from Dickinson to her friend Abiah Root(¹), Todd mentions an Amherst Academy list “in writing of this same period” (spring, 1847). Since we have the printer’s copy for Todd’s 1931 edition, I checked it and found this page (²).

Bingham_ms_for_footnote_re_AA_list_Bx21_F6

Todd seems to have regarded the list as being in Dickinson’s hand, but for some reason, and despite the fact that anything in Dickinson’s hand is of interest, no one picked up on it later and archived the list with Dickinson’s other manuscripts. Instead, it ended up with some secondary documentation, as indicated by the folder title above. Perhaps Todd herself had treated it as a tool for working with Dickinson’s letters rather than as a manuscript, and thus it remained separate from the rest of Dickinson’s writings.

Amherst Academy

Amherst Academy

As it happened, Dickinson scholar Polly Longsworth visited the Archives shortly after I first looked at the list, and I managed to lure her down the rabbit holes as well. In particular, we asked ourselves, is it in fact Dickinson’s handwriting; what’s the date of the list; what was the purpose of the list; and if it’s an Amherst Academy list, why doesn’t it include the names of certain people who were also students at the school (or were believed to be), such as Dickinson’s friends Abiah Root and Harriet Merrill?

When we had exhausted all the trails we could follow and had several folders of documentation, we were still sort of in the dark (very typical results for Dickinson-related questions, I find), but we’d had a lot of fun investigating the topic.  The upshot?  We do think it’s Dickinson’s handwriting (a list composed for her own purposes, perhaps carried around and added to over a short time); we do think it’s a list of Amherst Academy students and teachers (we checked their names in the extant catalogues), but beyond saying “late 1840s” we don’t know for certain exactly when she wrote it. But what did we learn about the names on — and not on — the list?

I won’t (I promise) go into all the details here, but in brief (my “brief,” not necessarily yours), this modest little manuscript led to a few new points about people in Dickinson’s world.  We now know, for example, that the reason Dickinson’s girlhood friend Harriet Merrill eventually ceased to write entirely was that she was dead. Clearly not a regular letter writer anyway (ED complained about her silence several times), Harriet Merrill left Amherst for Hartford in 1845 to live with relatives (her mother, Cordelia Leonard Merrill, had died in 1836)³ and probably to attend school (perhaps the Hartford Female Seminary). From Hartford, she went to Grand Rapids, Michigan, with her married sister Caroline Granger in or by 1850 (she appears on the 1850 census with her sister’s family). In 1851 Harriet married a dentist named Samuel B. Noble (an event Dickinson would’ve noted in the Hampshire-Franklin Express of May 22), and on September 9, 1853, she died (in childbirth or from consumption, if one had to guess — I’ve not yet found an obituary). Her widower then married her slightly younger sister Frances (why – was there a child?), who also died hardly a year after Harriet.(4) There is no surviving evidence to show that Dickinson knew of Harriet’s death, but it seems very likely that she heard about it through the grapevine, especially since Harriet still had family members in town. This death would have been another on her long and ever-growing list of friends and acquaintances whose deaths hit the poet hard and deepened her interest in “the flood subject.” (5)

Polly Longsworth and I understood too that in his Years and Hours of Emily Dickinson, the usually spot-on Super Detective Jay Leyda conflates two Harriet Merrills, blending information about Dickinson’s friend with information about an unmarried aunt of the same name (rumored to have been murdered by a “strolling Juggler” according to Dickinson – one wonders if she misheard or played on “gigolo,” which is what he sounds like in newspaper accounts of the trial). Thus, in Leyda’s quote from an entry in George Shepard’s diary dated September 7, 1857, in which Shepard refers to “Miss Harriet Merrill” as “pale & thin but pleasant,” Shepard actually means her aunt, although no doubt Dickinson’s friend Harriet, being quite dead, was also pale & thin but probably no longer pleasant. Likewise, the 11-year old Harriet Merrill was probably not the local fair’s “chief cook & bottle washer” (“Miss Merrill”) mentioned in 1841 by Samuel Mack. Looking at the list, then, led to a few clarifications in the records.

"Note to self," or, "The Rare Pleasure of Finding Jay Leyda in Error"

“Note to self,” or, “The Rare Pleasure of Finding Jay Leyda in Error” (Photocopy of “Years and Hours,” volume 1, page lxii)

Depending on one’s interests (or obsessions), much more work could be done using this list, such as tracking down biographical details about the people mentioned on it and even, perhaps, investigating whether there is undiscovered correspondence to or from any of them.

For me, this list illustrates how Emily Dickinson works: she provides context for another time and place. Instead of focusing in toward Dickinson, I like to look out from Dickinson. In other words, I use knowledge of Dickinson as a way to widen my sense of her world – her family, her friends, her neighborhood, her town, her state, her New England. She’s an industrious spider at the center of my web, spinning out her context wider and wider. The more I learn, the better I get at the game of Six Degrees of Emily Dickinson. It’s my preferred mode of time travel.

*****************************************************************

All this and footnotes too:

(1) Todd refers to a letter from Dickinson to Abiah Root dated “Sabbath Eve, 1847,” Johnson’s letter #15. Johnson notes that the original manuscript is missing — the text derives from a photostat in Mabel Loomis Todd’s possession. Todd had the original letter and returned it to Abiah Root Strong — or meant to. It may have been lost in the mail, or later separated from the group of letters given by her niece Claribel Smith to Harvard after Abiah’s death (we already know that Claribel gave away at least one piece of Abiah’s correspondence, a letter from Abby Wood to Abiah). In any case, Amherst still possesses the photostat (ED Photostats Box 2, Folder 19). Here are the images from the photostat, scanned and inverted. The hand here is a finished product, as opposed to the more jotted-looking list above.

ED-Photostat-19-Root-ltr-1847-Mar-15-clr-invrt
ED-Photostat-19-Root-ltr-1847-Mar-15-p2-invrtd
ED-Photostat-19-Root-ltr-1847-Mar-15-p3-invrt

(2) Todd has at least two errors here, namely Paulina Best — it should be Bent — and Harriet Merrill — it should be Merrick, for Harriet Hodge Merrick (ED misspells Merrick, as well as a few other names). Harriet Merrill’s name doesn’t appear in any Amherst Academy catalogues, although it’s still possible that she was in school during some of the terms for which there were no catalogues.  Harriet Merrick is in several catalogues. While I can see how it could be read as Merrill, an enlarged version of the list suggests that the name is Merrick: compare the “ck” in “Merrick” with that in “Hitchcock” below it.

ED-Amh-Acad-list-Merick-detail

(3) Dickinson wrote a deliciously snarky letter to brother Austin about Harriet’s father Calvin Merrill’s remarriage in 1851 to Fanny Dickinson-Thompson-Benjamin, saying “Mr. Merrill resides with the recent Mrs Merrill, alias Mrs. Benjamin, more alias, Mrs. Thompson — for the sake of the widowed lady for the third time a bride, I hope her buried Lords are buried very low, for if on some fine evening they should fancy to rise I fear their couple of angers might accompany them, and exercise themselves on grooms who erst were widowers, and widows who are brides.”  (AC ED 568, this transcription from Johnson’s letter 52)

(4)  In his Letters of Emily Dickinson, Thomas Johnson says that Harriet Merrill (the younger) “taught school first at Amherst Academy and later at Pittsfield.”  (Appendix 1, page 950).  Except for a reference to Harriet as a “School Marm” in Dickinson’s August 1845 letter to Abiah Root (when Harriet would be 16), I haven’t discovered where he got that information.  As mentioned in the text above, it’s possible that she was briefly a student at Amherst Academy (there is circumstantial evidence for the idea), but she seems too young to be a teacher there.  I’ve found no evidence yet for a stay in Pittsfield, but the years between 1845 and 1850 are not documented well enough to be sure about her doings.  She could also have gone quite early from Hartford to Grand Rapids to help her sister Caroline, who married Julius Granger in 1843 or 1844 and had her first child in 1844 or 1845.  Harriet’s 1851 marriage announcement  in the Hampshire-Franklin Express refers to her, then living in Grand Rapids, as “formerly of Hartford, Ct.” Harriet Noble is buried in the Fulton Street Cemetery in Grand Rapids, Michigan.

(5) For a sobering sense of how many people Dickinson knew who died of consumption alone (never mind other causes), see Al Habegger’s “Appendix 3″ in his My Wars Are Laid Away in Books.

 

A Gorgeous Something

The success of Jen Bervin and Marta Werner’s recently published The Gorgeous Nothings suggests that this might be a good opportunity to say something about another modest yet gorgeous nothing from our collection.

While researching a minor detail of Emily Dickinson’s biography during the summer of 2012, I came across a folder that caught my eye.

ED_Coll_Bx29-F1_folder_title

When I looked at the contents, I thought, well of course that’s Dickinson’s handwriting. Why doesn’t the folder say so?
Emily_Dickinson-Amherst_Academy-List_Bx29_F1 Emily_Dickinson_AA_List_Verso

As is often the case with Dickinson-related topics, that question led me happily down rabbit holes galore. At this point, a reader might reasonably wonder whether there is any research value to a list of names. I would submit — and hope to show — that there is.

The only published mention of this list that I’m aware of is in Mabel Loomis Todd’s 1931 edition of The Letters of Emily Dickinson. In a footnote on page 23 relating to a letter from Dickinson to her friend Abiah Root(¹), Todd mentions an Amherst Academy list “in writing of this same period” (spring, 1847). Since we have the printer’s copy for Todd’s 1931 edition, I checked it and found this page (²).

Bingham_ms_for_footnote_re_AA_list_Bx21_F6

Todd seems to have regarded the list as being in Dickinson’s hand, but for some reason, and despite the fact that anything in Dickinson’s hand is of interest, no one picked up on it later and archived the list with Dickinson’s other manuscripts. Instead, it ended up with some secondary documentation, as indicated by the folder title above. Perhaps Todd herself had treated it as a tool for working with Dickinson’s letters rather than as a manuscript, and thus it remained separate from the rest of Dickinson’s writings.

Amherst Academy

Amherst Academy

As it happened, Dickinson scholar Polly Longsworth visited the Archives shortly after I first looked at the list, and I managed to lure her down the rabbit holes as well. In particular, we asked ourselves, is it in fact Dickinson’s handwriting; what’s the date of the list; what was the purpose of the list; and if it’s an Amherst Academy list, why doesn’t it include the names of certain people who were also students at the school (or were believed to be), such as Dickinson’s friends Abiah Root and Harriet Merrill?

When we had exhausted all the trails we could follow and had several folders of documentation, we were still sort of in the dark (very typical results for Dickinson-related questions, I find), but we’d had a lot of fun investigating the topic.  The upshot?  We do think it’s Dickinson’s handwriting (a list composed for her own purposes, perhaps carried around and added to over a short time); we do think it’s a list of Amherst Academy students and teachers (we checked their names in the extant catalogues), but beyond saying “late 1840s” we don’t know for certain exactly when she wrote it. But what did we learn about the names on — and not on — the list?

I won’t (I promise) go into all the details here, but in brief (my “brief,” not necessarily yours), this modest little manuscript led to a few new points about people in Dickinson’s world.  We now know, for example, that the reason Dickinson’s girlhood friend Harriet Merrill eventually ceased to write entirely was that she was dead. Clearly not a regular letter writer anyway (ED complained about her silence several times), Harriet Merrill left Amherst for Hartford in 1845 to live with relatives (her mother, Cordelia Leonard Merrill, had died in 1836)³ and probably to attend school (perhaps the Hartford Female Seminary). From Hartford, she went to Grand Rapids, Michigan, with her married sister Caroline Granger in or by 1850 (she appears on the 1850 census with her sister’s family). In 1851 Harriet married a dentist named Samuel B. Noble (an event Dickinson would’ve noted in the Hampshire-Franklin Express of May 22), and on September 9, 1853, she died (in childbirth or from consumption, if one had to guess — I’ve not yet found an obituary). Her widower then married her slightly younger sister Frances (why – was there a child?), who also died hardly a year after Harriet.(4) There is no surviving evidence to show that Dickinson knew of Harriet’s death, but it seems very likely that she heard about it through the grapevine, especially since Harriet still had family members in town. This death would have been another on her long and ever-growing list of friends and acquaintances whose deaths hit the poet hard and deepened her interest in “the flood subject.” (5)

Polly Longsworth and I understood too that in his Years and Hours of Emily Dickinson, the usually spot-on Super Detective Jay Leyda conflates two Harriet Merrills, blending information about Dickinson’s friend with information about an unmarried aunt of the same name (rumored to have been murdered by a “strolling Juggler” according to Dickinson – one wonders if she misheard or played on “gigolo,” which is what he sounds like in newspaper accounts of the trial). Thus, in Leyda’s quote from an entry in George Shepard’s diary dated September 7, 1857, in which Shepard refers to “Miss Harriet Merrill” as “pale & thin but pleasant,” Shepard actually means her aunt, although no doubt Dickinson’s friend Harriet, being quite dead, was also pale & thin but probably no longer pleasant. Likewise, the 11-year old Harriet Merrill was probably not the local fair’s “chief cook & bottle washer” (“Miss Merrill”) mentioned in 1841 by Samuel Mack. Looking at the list, then, led to a few clarifications in the records.

"Note to self," or, "The Rare Pleasure of Finding Jay Leyda in Error"

“Note to self,” or, “The Rare Pleasure of Finding Jay Leyda in Error” (Photocopy of “Years and Hours,” volume 1, page lxii)

Depending on one’s interests (or obsessions), much more work could be done using this list, such as tracking down biographical details about the people mentioned on it and even, perhaps, investigating whether there is undiscovered correspondence to or from any of them.

For me, this list illustrates how Emily Dickinson works: she provides context for another time and place. Instead of focusing in toward Dickinson, I like to look out from Dickinson. In other words, I use knowledge of Dickinson as a way to widen my sense of her world – her family, her friends, her neighborhood, her town, her state, her New England. She’s an industrious spider at the center of my web, spinning out her context wider and wider. The more I learn, the better I get at the game of Six Degrees of Emily Dickinson. It’s my preferred mode of time travel.

*****************************************************************

All this and footnotes too:

(1) Todd refers to a letter from Dickinson to Abiah Root dated “Sabbath Eve, 1847,” Johnson’s letter #15. Johnson notes that the original manuscript is missing — the text derives from a photostat in Mabel Loomis Todd’s possession. Todd had the original letter and returned it to Abiah Root Strong — or meant to. It may have been lost in the mail, or later separated from the group of letters given by her niece Claribel Smith to Harvard after Abiah’s death (we already know that Claribel gave away at least one piece of Abiah’s correspondence, a letter from Abby Wood to Abiah). In any case, Amherst still possesses the photostat (ED Photostats Box 2, Folder 19). Here are the images from the photostat, scanned and inverted. The hand here is a finished product, as opposed to the more jotted-looking list above.

ED-Photostat-19-Root-ltr-1847-Mar-15-clr-invrt
ED-Photostat-19-Root-ltr-1847-Mar-15-p2-invrtd
ED-Photostat-19-Root-ltr-1847-Mar-15-p3-invrt

(2) Todd has at least two errors here, namely Paulina Best — it should be Bent — and Harriet Merrill — it should be Merrick, for Harriet Hodge Merrick (ED misspells Merrick, as well as a few other names). Harriet Merrill’s name doesn’t appear in any Amherst Academy catalogues, although it’s still possible that she was in school during some of the terms for which there were no catalogues.  Harriet Merrick is in several catalogues. While I can see how it could be read as Merrill, an enlarged version of the list suggests that the name is Merrick: compare the “ck” in “Merrick” with that in “Hitchcock” below it.

ED-Amh-Acad-list-Merick-detail

(3) Dickinson wrote a deliciously snarky letter to brother Austin about Harriet’s father Calvin Merrill’s remarriage in 1851 to Fanny Dickinson-Thompson-Benjamin, saying “Mr. Merrill resides with the recent Mrs Merrill, alias Mrs. Benjamin, more alias, Mrs. Thompson — for the sake of the widowed lady for the third time a bride, I hope her buried Lords are buried very low, for if on some fine evening they should fancy to rise I fear their couple of angers might accompany them, and exercise themselves on grooms who erst were widowers, and widows who are brides.”  (AC ED 568, this transcription from Johnson’s letter 52)

(4)  In his Letters of Emily Dickinson, Thomas Johnson says that Harriet Merrill (the younger) “taught school first at Amherst Academy and later at Pittsfield.”  (Appendix 1, page 950).  Except for a reference to Harriet as a “School Marm” in Dickinson’s August 1845 letter to Abiah Root (when Harriet would be 16), I haven’t discovered where he got that information.  As mentioned in the text above, it’s possible that she was briefly a student at Amherst Academy (there is circumstantial evidence for the idea), but she seems too young to be a teacher there.  I’ve found no evidence yet for a stay in Pittsfield, but the years between 1845 and 1850 are not documented well enough to be sure about her doings.  She could also have gone quite early from Hartford to Grand Rapids to help her sister Caroline, who married Julius Granger in 1843 or 1844 and had her first child in 1844 or 1845.  Harriet’s 1851 marriage announcement  in the Hampshire-Franklin Express refers to her, then living in Grand Rapids, as “formerly of Hartford, Ct.” Harriet Noble is buried in the Fulton Street Cemetery in Grand Rapids, Michigan.

(5) For a sobering sense of how many people Dickinson knew who died of consumption alone (never mind other causes), see Al Habegger’s “Appendix 3″ in his My Wars Are Laid Away in Books.

 

Why Are These Men Twisting a Fish?

Before the Fulton Fish Market moved to the Bronx in 2005, nearly 2,000 men spent their early mornings down on South Street between Fulton and Beekman at one of the oldest and busiest open air markets in the country.

The oral histories recorded for this 1962 radio spot are replete with the “things ain’t what they used to be” rhetorical flourishes of the market old timers.  But their stories also reflect what must have been an incredibly lively scene, a melting pot of haggling, fish twisting, and commerce that seems all but lost in today’s New York City.

Established in 1822, the market grew so large that by 1924, New York City fishmongers were selling 25 percent of the total seafood in the United States. But by the 1960s, Lower Manhattan began to give way to other concerns, namely the increasing real estate value of the area for both commercial and and residential use.

Improved online search: faster and with new features

We’ve updated our online search and we think you’ll like the changes in both function and design. Here are some of the main ones.

It’s much faster. The search engine is completely new and the difference in search times is noticeable.

Simple search gives suggestions as you type a search term. This gives you another way to find holdings.simple-search-suggestions

 

 

 

 

 

Advanced Search has another filter. Searches can be narrowed to search within one top-level description. Enter the exact name of the fonds or collection.top-level-filter

You don’t have to hit the Search button any more: hitting Enter will start your search.

Results from a Simple Search can be filtered to those with digital objects only. Just hit the link.simple-search-results-digi-objects

 

simple-search-results-dog-digi-objects-showing

 

 

Results from a Simple Search can be narrowed using the facets in the sidebar. It provides a glance at properties of all your results. Each facet is a link to just those results.facets-dog-2

 

For power users: date searching has changed significantly. Searching by date and by date range are both different. See About Searching for details.

We’ve updated About Searching to explain the changes. We welcome feedback on everything.

What a New Cold War Could Sound Like

With the collapse of the Soviet Union 25 years ago, the Cold War was declared over. Now, the pundits, policy analysts and TV talking heads say Russia’s annexation of Crimea might be the start of a second Cold War. If that’s the case, we could be in for the kind of fiery rhetoric that characterized the first one, complete with pounding fists and flying insults.

At least it made for good radio. Indeed, the genre is rich in speeches, songs, dramas and official warnings about the atomic-crazed, godless, mind-controlling, and otherwise communistic threats to the American way of life posed by the “evil empire.” And, on the other side, Western leaders who were no better than “Capitalist running dogs that prey on the hearts and minds of the people.”

With the Putin-Obama game of chicken growing ever more tense, we dug into our archives in search of the most memorable aural moments from the first round. Pour yourself a Cold War Cocktail and have a listen.

 

Iron Curtain Speech: On receiving an honorary degree from Westminister College in Fulton, Missouri,on  March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill delivered his famous speech marking the beginning of the Cold War, citing Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe and the outbreak of Communist insurrections all over the world. Here is an excerpt:

“Subversive Activities“: In this radio drama from the “This Is Our Duty” series sponsored by the American Legion and designed to develop “100% Americanism,” an idealistic young man is politically seduced by a Communist front group organizer. The program was introduced with the theme that “in America today, subversive elements thrive and prosper as never before.”

Attack Warning: This 1950s attack warning was produced for the radio by the Federal Government and civil defense authorities.

Excerpt from President Eisenhower’s address to the American Legion, August 25, 1952: 

Excerpt from Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater’s speech before the Young Americans for Freedom rally, Madison Square Garden, March 7, 1962:

The So-Called Shoe-Banging Speech: At a United Nations General Assembly speech on October 12, 1962, the Soviet premiere banged the podium with his fist and, allegedly, his shoe: 

For more cold war civil defense programming heard over WNYC see the series Plan For Survival.


A 1953 cold war senario. Flickr User James Vaughan

Entrevista con Joel Torres, Presidente de eScire

Entrevista con Joel Torres, Presidente de eScire

Colaboración eScire & Conocimiento Práctico Desde finales del año 2013 www.escire.mx y www.conocimientopractico.es estamos colaborando en diferentes líneas de servicios profesionales, principalmente en ámbitos de Consultoría, Formación y proyectos y servicios con Software Libre. Como pueden observar en nuestros dominios, tanto el .mx de eScire como el .es [...]

Consultores Documentales

“Live by the gun or die by the knife”: a salute to anonymous tagline writers

Pulp Westerns are an important part of the collections of the Libraries and Archives of the Autry. These publications, churned out in the thousands, relied on vivid images and catchy taglines to catch the reader’s eye. Some of these taglines, written by unknown staff at the publishing company, are as memorable as the covers themselves.

 

“’Just try and hang me!’ he taunted."<br />
Danger Trail, by Max Brand, Pocket Books of Canada, 1953. Cover art by Stanley Borack. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0122
"Men lusted for these frontier queens."<br />
Oregon Trunk, by Dan Stevens, Lion Books, 1955.  Cover artist unknown. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0001
“His gun was his passport to hell."<br />
Renegade River, by Ray Townsend, Popular Library, 1954. Cover artist unknown. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0068
“Raider follows a hot tip...and ends up trapped in a hot desert hell!"<br />
Desert Death Trap, by J.D. Hardin, Berkley Books, 1990. Cover artist unknown. Creed Collection, Autry National Center; 98.174.224
“Don't shoot boys. I'm too tired to duck."<br />
Desperado’s Gold, by L.L. Foreman, Pocket Books, 1950. Cover art by Elliot Means. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0495
“He raised his own brand of gun-hell.”<br />
Gunning for Trouble, by L.L. Foreman, Popular Library, 1954. Cover art by A. Leslie Ross. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0500
“Once a man is hanged - right or wrong - he's dead"<br />
Hanging Judge, by Elmer Kelton, Ballantine, 1969. Cover artist unknown. Autry Library, Autry National Center, IAL.2010.001.0202
“Slocum comes to Paradise - only to find that hell has gotten there first!”<br />
Slocum in Paradise, by Jake Logan, Jove Books, 1994. Cover artist unknown. Creed Collection, Autry National Center; 98.174.505
“His gun had the last word.”<br />
Fighting Cowman, by Louis Trimble, Popular Library, 1953. Cover artist unknown. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0090
“Live by the gun or die by the knife in the outlaw town called Hell!"<br />
Go Back to Hell, by J.T. Edson, Berkley Books, 1979. Cover artist unknown. Creed Collection, Autry National Center, 98.174.142
“All he lived for was to find the man with three fingers - and make him pay!"<br />
Come A-Smokin’, by Nelson Nye, Kensington Publications, 1979. Cover artist unknown. Autry Library, Autry National Center, IAL.2010.001.0305
“Guns talk louder than lawyers!"<br />
Whispering Canyon, by Stuart Brock, Ace Books, 1955. Cover art by John Leone. Autry Library, Autry National Center, IAL.2010.001.0540
“There's no such thing as an ex-gunfighter - except a dead one."<br />
Long Run, by Nelson Nye, Ace Books, 1959. Cover artist unknown. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0336
“Gold fever and lead poison ride together.”<br />
Lost Mine Named Salvation, by Nelson Nye, Ace Books, 1968. Cover art by George Gross. Autry Library, Autry National Center; IAL.2010.001.0319

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archivo contiene la voz de los pontífices desde 1931, 8 mil cintas estarán disponibles al público

8,000 cintas con la voz de los papas, serán disponibles al público
http://www.wradio.com.mx/ 01/04/2014

Más de 8,000 cintas con la voz de los papas estarán disponibles al público a través de los archivos de Radio Vaticano, indicó la Santa Sede.

El archivo contiene la voz de los pontífices desde 1931, año en que se fundó la emisora oficial del Vaticano.

La idea de abrir las puertas del archivo digital de la emisora – “un tesoro”, como lo calificó el vocero del papa, Federico Lombardi -, surgió con ocasión de las canonizaciones de los pontífices Juan Pablo II y Juan XXIII, el próximo 27 de abril.

“Con esa iniciativa los papas permanecerán siempre con nosotros”, comentó Lombardi.

Radio Vaticano tiene la tarea de constituir, custodiar y administrar el archivo sonoro pontificio garantizando, en el caso de uso por parte de terceros, la salvaguardia de su carácter pastoral y la tutela de los derechos de propiedad intelectual.

El archivo incluye también algunos documentos, como la lectura de la encíclica Humanum Genus que el papa León XIII grabó en 1884 en un dictáfono. La búsqueda del material será fácil para los internautas, con parámetros simples como pontificado, fecha o lugar.

Archivos de la CIA revisados por un comité de investigadores describen casos de abusos en el programa de interrogatorios

CIA engañó sobre programa de interrogatorios: Post
http://eleconomista.com.mx/ 01/04/2014

La Agencia Central de Inteligencia (CIA) engañó al Gobierno estadounidense y a la opinión pública durante años sobre aspectos de su programa brutal de interrogatorios, ocultando detalles sobre el duro tratamiento dado a los detenidos y otros temas, según un reporte publicado en el Washington Post.

Funcionarios estadounidenses que han visto un informe del Comité de Inteligencia del Senado sobre el programa de interrogatorios de la CIA describieron nueva información incriminatoria sobre una red de centros de detención secretos, también llamados “agujeros negros”, dijo el diario.

El Comité de Inteligencia es responsable de supervisar a la CIA. Hace más de un año terminó un informe de 6,300 páginas sobre el programa de interrogatorios, pero sigue siendo un documento clasificado.

En los “agujeros negros”, los prisioneros a veces eran objeto de duras técnicas de interrogatorio incluso cuando los analistas estaban seguros de que no tenían más información que dar, dijo el informe, que según el Post se basaba en entrevistas con antiguos y actuales funcionarios estadounidenses.

Los archivos revisados por un comité de investigadores describen casos de abusos previamente no revelados, incluidas supuestas inmersiones de sospechosos de terrorismo en tanques de agua helada en un centro de detención en Afganistán.

El método tenía similitudes con los ahogamientos simulados, pero nunca apareció en ninguna lista de técnicas aprobadas por el Departamento de Justicia, según el periódico.

Los funcionarios dijeron también que millones de grabaciones muestran que la capacidad de la CIA para obtener la información de inteligencia más valiosa, incluidos indicios que llevaron a la localización y muerte de Osama bin Laden en 2011, tenían poco, o nada, que ver con las “técnicas mejoradas de interrogatorio”, dijo el diario.

Un portavoz de la CIA dijo que la agencia aún no había visto la versión final del informe y que no podía hacer comentarios, según el Washington Post.

Algunos antiguos y actuales funcionarios de la agencia han dicho en privado que el estudio está empañado por errores fácticos y conclusiones equivocadas, según el diario.

En marzo, la senadora Dianne Feinstein, que preside el Comité de Inteligencia del Senado, acusó a la CIA de registrar computadorasusadas por empleados del comité que contenían el informe y cuestionó si la agencia había quebrantado la ley al hacerlo.

erp

Dropbox controla archivos protegidos por copyright y los bloquea para que no sean compartidos

Así controla y censura Dropbox los archivos que compartes
http://www.tuexperto.com// 01/04/2014

Si eres usuario del servicio de almacenamiento en la nube de Dropbox, puede que alguna vez hayas visto una pantalla de aviso que bloqueaba un fichero de ser compartido. Y es que Dropbox sabe cuándo estás compartiendo archivos protegidos por copyright. No es algo nuevo, ni tampoco extraño. Simplemente forma parte del sistema de la compañía para cumplir con la legislación estadounidense sobre propiedad intelectual, la Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) de 1998. Sólo afecta a los archivos que el usuario comparte deliberadamente con otras personas, mediante un enlace al archivo. Entonces es cuando entra en funcionamiento el sistema de bloqueo, que impide el acceso de terceros al fichero, sin borrarlo de la cuenta del usuario.

¿Cómo funciona el sistema de bloqueo? Dropbox reconoce los ficheros que están siendo compartidos sin necesidad de entrar dentro del archivo. Al fin y al cabo, la compañía usa métodos de cifrado tanto para almacenar como para transferir los datos. Sólo pueden ver los ficheros públicos de Dropbox aquellas personas que tienen un enlace a dicho fichero. Por lo tanto, para impedir que se comparta un archivo protegido por copyright, la compañía desactiva el enlace, sobre el que ha recibido una reclamación por parte del titular de los derechos de autor (por ejemplo, de una película o de una canción). Además, el sistema automático de Dropbox impide que otros usuarios compartan el mismo material utilizando otro enlace comparando los identificadores del fichero o hashes.

La función hash es un algoritmo que proporciona un identificador único basado en la entrada. El hash consiste en una cadena de caracteres que se puede utilizar para saber que un fichero es exactamente el mismo que otro, siempre ya tengas una copia para compararlo. En este caso, la copia para compararlo es la que figura en el enlace afectado por la reclamación del titular del copyright. Cada vez que subes un archivo a Dropbox (o a cualquier otro servicio de almacenamiento en la nube), se genera un hash. Luego, la compañía cifra el archivo para mantenerlo fuera del alcance de los piratas y de los propios empleados. Dropbox mantiene una lista negra que recoge los identificadores hash de todos los ficheros sobre los que ha recibido reclamaciones por infracciones de derechos de autor. La emplea para bloquear legalmente el acceso a dichos ficheros, incluso aunque se compartan a través de enlaces diferentes.

Ese sistema de bloqueo no es exclusivo de Dropbox, sino que la inmensa mayoría de los servicios que ofrecen espacio personal en la nube lo tienen en marcha. Es la manera de acogerse a la cláusula de salvaguardia que ofrece la ley. Según una excepción de la DMCA, la compañía se libra de pleitos por infracciones de derechos de autor si implanta un procedimiento de avisos y retirada de contenidos. De esa forma, aunque los usuarios de su servicio de almacenamiento infrinjan el copyright, la compañía no será responsable.

Agencia Estatal de Protección de Datos con limitaciones para el acceso a los archivos de niños robados

Protección de Datos, sin competencias para garantizar el acceso a información sobre niños robados
http://www.europapress.es/ 01/04/2014

El director de la Agencia Estatal de Protección de Datos, José Luis Rodríguez Álvarez, ha afirmado este martes en el Senado que las competencias de su departamento “son limitadas” para amparar al derecho a la información de los afectados por los casos de niños robados, dado que los ámbitos en los que quieren investigar las asociaciones se escapan de la aplicación de la ley al respecto. “Lo que podíamos hacer lo hemos hecho”, ha señalado.

Así lo recoge en un informe elaborado a cargo de la Secretaría de Estado de Justicia el año pasado y del que ha dado cuenta ante la comisión del ramo, en el que expone las limitaciones de la AEPD para amparar el acceso a datos de nacimiento y defunciones del Registro Civil, a los libros de bautismo de la Iglesia, a los archivos de hospitales públicos y privados, diputaciones provinciales y casas cuna; y a los registros de ADN.

Según ha explicado, tras analizar “detalladamente” el impacto de la normativa sobre el acceso a estas informaciones, la AEPD ha llegado a la conclusión “de que la mayor parte de las dificultades para acceder o conseguir la información deseada no traen causa de la normativa de protección de datos sino de otras disposiciones o de motivos de orden fáctico”.

En esta línea, ha concretado que la ley de Protección de datos no es de aplicación en el acceso a los libros de bautismo de la Iglesia, pues así lo dictó el Tribunal Supremo en 2008 y, conforme su jurisprudencia, “se rigen por su normativa específica, los acuerdos España-Santa Sede y el Código de Derecho Canónico, con lo cual la Agencia carece de competencia para velar por la tutela del derecho de acceso ni puede pronunciase sobre la licitud o no de eventuales denegaciones”.

Sobre el acceso de los afectados o asociaciones a datos de nacimientos, defunciones y adopciones del Registro Civil, Rodríguez ha señalado que este organismo se rige “por sus disposiciones específicas, siendo las de protección de datos de aplicación supletoria”, y que, por tanto, “la competencia para interpretarlas no corresponde a la AEPD sino a la Dirección General de Registros y Notariado”, que deberá determinar “el alcance de las determinaciones de publicidad de determinados datos”, especialmente en materia de filiación adoptiva y legajo de abortos.

Respecto a los centros sanitarios, ha recordado que se rigen tanto por la ley de Protección de Datos como por la de Autonomía del Paciente, que permiten el acceso a la propia historia y a la de familiares fallecidos pero establece que el acceso con fines judiciales, epidemiológicos, de salud pública, de investigación o de docencia a las mismas se hará “preservando los datos identificativos del paciente separados de los de carácter clínico asistencial, de manera que quede asegurado el anonimato”.

No obstante, tal y como ha señalado, salvo en los casos de orden judicial o peligro grave para la salud pública, “el acceso a la historia clínica sólo podrá hacerse con el consentimiento expreso del afectado o cuando lo disponga una ley por razones de interés social”, tal y como dicta la actual Ley de Protección de Datos.

Rodríguez también se ha referido al acceso a la inclusión de datos de ADN de los afectados para cotejo en el registro del Instituto Nacional de Toxicología y Ciencias Forenses, para afirmar que si bien “sería posible” la incorporación “contando con el consentimiento de los titulares”, en los ficheros entonces existentes “no se permitía” el cotejo porque habían sido creados para “identificación y comparación genética en el marco de investigaciones judiciales”.

Para el director general de la AEPD, “existe una creencia generalizada de que hay dificultades u obstáculos relevantes desde el punto de vista de la protección de datos” para acceder a determinadas informaciones, “un problema bastante generalizado” que atribuye a “lo sufrido” que es alegar una vulneración de la normativa que no es tal, para negar el derecho de acceso a una información determinada. “A veces se dice que no se concede el acceso porque la agencia no lo permite cuando ni siquiera hemos sido consultados”, ha apuntado.

“El alcance de la protección de datos establece algunas limitaciones, pero lo son en garantía de terceros afectados y, en este caso, pueden existir terceros que no tienen la disposición personal o la voluntad de que se llegue al conocimiento de las circunstancias reales, y ese bien llamado ‘derecho a no saber’ se tiene que preservar por la vía de garantizar el respeto al consentimiento. Si no lo hay, únicamente en los casos en los que exista un cauce legalmente previsto se podrá acceder a esa información”, ha añadido.

Sony: Papel digital, para anotar en pantalla de tinta electrónica que reduce el uso de papel en la oficina

Un anotador con tinta electrónica para reducir papel en la oficina
http://elecodesunchales.com.ar/ 01/04/2014

Sony presentó su Digital Paper, una pantalla de tinta electrónica de 13,3 pulgadas. Aunque no fue diseñado como un libro electrónico sirve para le lectura, pero su fin es reducir los papeles en una oficina.

Gracias a su tamaño permite ver una hoja impresa en tamaño real, si fue convertida en un PDF, realizar anotaciones, editar el texto, resaltar partes y compartirla con otros miembros de la empresa.

Tiene 6,8 mm de espesor, pesa 350 gramos, una pantalla del tamaño de una hoja carta (1600 x 1200 pixeles), sensible al tacto para usar la lapicera que permite anotar el texto.

Soporta Wi-Fi, puede almacenar 2.800 archivos en la memoria interna y tiene una autonomía de tres semanas de uso. Su valor es alto: 1.100 dólares en los Estados Unidos.


Creating The Best Commencement Speech Ever

Commencement Season is fast approaching and I am honored to have been selected to deliver the address at North Carolina State University in May.  I don’t know about you, but I don’t remember who my commencement speaker was or what he or she had to say!

During my years at MIT and Duke, Commencement was always a special day for me.  It put into perspective all of the work during the previous year to ensure that students and faculty had the information resources and support they needed in their coursework and research—a morning to celebrate the launch of another class of educated men and women.

So, I am taking this assignment seriously.  I will certainly be taking FDR’s advice to heart—“Be sincere, be brief, be seated.”

But I need your help.  What advice would you give this graduating class?  What special message would you deliver to undergraduates?  Graduate students? Parents and other family members? Faculty and staff of the university?  Send me your ideas!

 

FDR delivers fireside chat

Franklin D. Roosevelt having a fireside chat in Washington, DC, 04/28/1935. National Archives Identifier 196760[ Read all ]

The Place of Radio in Musical Education

From the April, 1941 WQXR Program Guide:

Mr. Hutcheson is President of the Juilliard School of Music in New York. In addition to being a great pianist and teacher, he is the author of numerous books on music, including the recently published “A Musical Guide to Richard Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung.”

There are many different individual approaches and responses to radio. As head of the Juilliard School of Music I am naturally especially interested in the effect of broadcasts of serious music on students and teachers of music.

At the Juilliard School we have regular listening hours for the students, and often the room, seating about two hundred people, will be two-thirds full. The students bring their scores of symphonies, concertos, or operas, and follow them with intense absorption during the broadcasts. This opportunity to accompany the actual hearing of a score by visual study of it is a real service, for in a darkened opera house or concert hall it is impossible to use a score. 

Of course, many of our students and teachers besides those attending the regular listening hours take advantage of the radio performances in the same way. Any teacher owning a good radio set is importuned by friends and pupils with requests for permission to come and listen to special programs.

I may be pardoned for believing that what happens in the Juilliard School of Music is typical of what ought to happen in every school of music and in every college and university in this country. Fortunately, I have an imposing mass of evidence that this is actually the case, and recently, to my pleasure, I have had repeated occasion to recommend the installation of listening classes for such programs as those offered by WQXR.

There is another way in which radio makes possible the study of music under very desirable conditions. This is the broadcasting of recordings of great symphonies, concertos, etc., played by leading orchestras and artists. Music students are seldom rich, and few can afford to own a library of records. A student who has been assigned a concerto for study often has an ardent desire to hear a performance of it from an authoritative artist. He may have to wait years for such a chance, especially if he does not live in a great music center. And even if he lives in New York City, the price of a ticket may provide a difficult problem. In such broadcasts as these, Station WQXR has been a leader of insight and courage, and fully deserves the praise which is accorded to it daily by musicians of all types.

Let me pass now from the student to the professional aspect of radio as it affects our school. Many of our advanced students and graduates, particularly in our Graduate School, earn their living as radio artists, several having achieved a nationwide reputation. Radio is, therefore, obviously an important and constantly widening outlet for every kind of musical talent. Broadcasting orchestras, sustaining programs for singers and instrumentalists, chamber music, solo appearances with orchestra, incidental music for drama, program-making, accompanying, composing, arranging, conducting, all this work calls not only for trained musicians but also for musicians trained in specialized radio technique. Hence, schools throughout the country in increasing numbers are offering courses and installing departments in script-writing, program-making, announcing, engineering and other aspects of broadcasting.

At the Juilliard School of Music we have so far concentrated on two particular angles of radio, the actual technique and the engineering problems, though we realize that there are others which may be profitably studied. The interest in these courses is keen, particularly among the singers, and the advantage to the student who has a radio appearance to fulfill or an audition to undergo of being able to rehearse in a well-equipped studio is obvious.

It is probable that radio has interfered to some extent with attendance at certain musical events.  Naturally it is easier and cheaper to “tune in” from one’s armchair at home than to make the effort and incur the expense of going to Carnegie Hall for a Sunday afternoon concert of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. But radio has made more than ample amends for this in the carrying of serious music to every hamlet and farmhouse in the country. Radio is the greatest disseminator of music we have and, therefore, must be regarded as a social institution of wide and powerful influence. It is within its power  to guide and uplift public taste and become far more than a mere expression of popular preference in entertainment. Its broadcast purpose is served when it takes its place as the enlightened leader, the molder of the best in social thought and culture. I share the conviction of many musicians and music lovers that WQXR is serving this purpose and taking this place, and in so doing, it establishes the strongest ties with schools of music which have similar aims. We, too, must train leaders of culture, capable of maintaining a national morale which will withstand the strains and shocks of cynical thought and will endure in a brighter and more humane future.

The Institute of Musical Art (the three-story building at the near corner) and the Juilliard Graduate School (far corner) at Claremont Ave., circa 1950. (Photo by Alton Taube and courtesy of The Juilliard School

Smaller photo above: Juilliard students Christopher von Beayer and Bette Wishengrade at 130 Claremont Avenue and courtesy of The Julliard School.

History Reporters Workshop: the interwar peace movement

With the 2014 First World War Centenary, heritage organisations around the world are delivering exhibitions, programmes and lectures, recognising the 100 years since the outbreak of war.  As the IOE’s archives are predominantly twentieth century, many collections reflect the impact of war on education, children and teachers in the UK and Europe.

The National Union of Women Teachers (NUWT) collection spans 1904 to the early 1960s, with documents reflecting both World Wars, pre & post war England, and the interwar period. It’s within that interwar period that the NUWT collection holds a wealth of material relating to the peace movements which emerged in the wake of the First World War.

Back in January, we delivered workshops on this interwar peace movement to Year 6 classes in Islington. The pupils previously learned about the World Wars, life in Britain in the 1930s, and had recently discussed bias in the news and other sources.  Their teachers were also keen for students to hone their skills of historiography and accurate research. So, we combined archives and the peace movement, with the skills and responsibilities of both historians and reporters, for a few Friday afternoon workshops.

Here is a sampling of what we got up to…

UWT/D/18/38

A pamphlet, created by the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), addresses the potential dangers of Air Raid Precautions.  c1930.  Document Reference: UWT/D/18/38

When students first saw the cover of the above Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) pamphlet for Educators and Mothers, a few pupils commented on how funny the children looked with their gas masks on.  Students then read the following passage from the booklet…

… in every factory, office and school were people are together, they must be trained to expect war…What are we doing to the minds of a whole generation of children if we surround them with these ever-present… proofs of our expectation of war?

Students were amazing at distinguishing different biases… they acknowledged that WILPF wasn’t a 100% impartial source (citing how irresponsible it would be to not be at all prepared for a future war… as one student commented, ‘peace is great – but we can’t just always hope it’ll all be okay!’), while still being critical of government air raid precautions (‘Is a gas mask REALLY gonna save you if your home is bombed?!‘ questioned one student).

reeeead

A student takes a read through WILPF’s pamphlet.

After investigating the document, some had a new perspective on the cover image.  One pupil commented, ‘those kids don’t even look like kids…’

We then looked at the peace movement through a specific event – a disarmament demonstration at Royal Albert Hall on 11 July 1931. Students explored the organisations involved in the peace movement, including the NUWT, The League of Nations and the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF); debated the reliability of sources and potential biases; and did primary source investigations with leaflets, postcards, memos, letters and petitions.

Document Reference UWT/D/20/85

WILPF Leaflet, Document Reference UWT/D/20/85

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Year 6 students work in groups to complete a Primary Source Investigation, analysing a document from the archives.  Here, students investigate a letter addressed to the NUWT, from the League of Nations, asking for their support in educating the public in the peace cause.

Finally, the Year 6s put on their reporter hats and were asked to imagine it’s July, 1931… as junior reporters for The Guardian, their Editor-in-Chief handed them an assignment: write an article to inform readers about an upcoming disarmament demonstration taking place on July 11th.  In groups, they got to work investigating their documents for the who, what, where, when, why and how, and then shared their findings with the class.

When I asked students what they know about the World Wars, hands immediately shot in the air.  The Year 6s had thorough prior knowledge: they knew the causes, trench warfare, munitions production, Winston Churchill, Hitler, the Holocaust. Their responses also reinforced how history curriculum (and history in general) favours the grand narratives of the past: the major events, battles and historical figures. While these histories certainly have their place, there’s something to be said for investigating multiple perspectives – and experiences – when it comes to the past.  Throughout the History Reporters workshops, students were still indirectly learning about the world wars and political and social climate of the time, but were doing so through a perspective of a group of individuals – in this case, predominantly women – whose stories and experiences are perhaps less often shared.

A big thank you to teachers, Anna and Bea, and the Year 6s, for having us into your classrooms (on Friday afternoons, nonetheless)!

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Teachers: below you will find an interdisclipinary lesson plan based on the History Reporters workshop.  The resource pack includes National Curriculum core standards; lesson details; archive documents and worksheets.
History Reporters Lesson Plan Key Stage 2-3

Students take a hands-on approach to source-based historical research as they investigate the interwar peace movement.  Topics include bias; how to decide whether a source is reliable or not; and recognising the similarities between the responsibilities of a historian and news reporter.  Students take on the role of journalists as they investigate archives as research for a newspaper article.

Tagged: archives, bias, interwar, league of nations, lesson plan, NUWT, peace movement, women’s international league, world war

Recovering ‘The First War Poet’: new Ivor Gurney documentary

Exeter’s Professor Tim Kendall is presenting a new documentary airing on BBC4 this week focusing on the life and work of WWI poet and composer Ivor Gurney. Professor Kendall and Philip Lancaster have been working with the Gurney archive to bring his writing– both poetic and musical — to greater public attention.
The documentary sheds vital new light on a forgotten figure who considered himself to be the ‘first war poet’, overlooked in the history of war writing before now.

Gloucestershire born Gurney studied at the Royal College of Music, fought at the front and suffered mental health problems across his life — leading to his incarceration in an asylum for 15 years, where he continued to write and compose. Having survived a bullet wound to the shoulder, gas and shell shock, Gurney was committed to the Dartford asylum in 1922, and died of tuberculosis in 1937 at the age of 47, leaving a substantial body of unpublished and unperformed work.

For full details, see the BBC webpages.

Oddments from the Objects Collection

Our objects collection houses many of the things you might expect: reunion badges, fraternity pins, endless college mugs and tshirts… but it also contains a wide variety of surprises.
Here are a few for your enjoyment:
(click on the images for more information)

Turkish girl's shoes
Turkish girl's shoes
Turkish girl's shoes
Turkish girl's shoes
Turkish girl's shoes
Turkish girl's shoes
Bracelets from Turkish girl's costume

These tiny shoes and bracelets are part of a complete Turkish young girl’s outfit belonging to Laura Bliss, daughter of Edwin Bliss (Class of 1837) who was a missionary to Turkey from 1843 until 1852. Laura was born in 1846 and was six years old when her family left Turkey. She received this costume as a gift sometime before then. What you can’t tell from the images is how very small the shoes are – they range in length from 6 to 7.5 inches – they would likely fit a preschooler.

Druggist case and medicine vials
Druggist case and medicine vials
Druggist case and medicine vials
Druggist case and medicine vials

This pocket size wallet used to belong to one Dr. W. E. Brown, Druggist, of Gilbertville, Mass. The tiny vials inside contain all manner of antiquated pharmaceuticals – opium, bismuth, morphine, ipecac, ergot and digitalis among others.

1908 Class pipe
Pipe of Arthur Foster, Class of 1903
Pipe of Arthur Foster, Class of 1903
Clay pipe
"Pipe of peace for Class of 1851"
"E. Douglass"
Corn cob pipe
Corn cob pipe

You may be aware of Amherst’s class cane tradition (and we have a generous selection of canes in the object collection), but have you heard about class pipes? We have a quite a few pipes with Amherst class years proudly emblazoned on them and a variety of others too, including the intriguing “Pipe of peace for the class of 1851″.

Glasses with blue lenses
Sunglasses with case
Glasses with case
Glasses
Opera glasses and case belonging to Clyde Fitch, Class of 1886

Also, eyeglasses and sunglasses, all wildly uncomfortable and fragile looking, and Clyde Fitch’s opera glasses (he was class of 1886 and a famous playwright).

drafting tool
Drafting tool
Compass
drafting tool
Bottle of dried india ink
Drafting tool
Drafting tool
Miniature steam engine
Set of weights
Set of weights
Postal scale previously used in the President's office
Postal scale previously used in the President's office
Alimentiveness, phrenology bust
Phrenology bust
Drawing tool
Drawing tool, under side
Drawing tool

A wide variety of scientific and quasi-scientific tools, including the ever-popular phrenology bust, Professor Ebenezer Snell’s drafting tools, Professor B. K. Emerson’s set of weights and a miniature steam engine given to President Marx.

Football player doll, ca. 1920s
OK society hair bracelet
Initials inscribed on OK society hair bracelet
Amherst College Fire Brigade helmet shields
Amherst College Fire Brigade helmet shields

Let’s not forget the football player doll, OK Society hair bracelet  and Amherst College Fire Brigade helmet shields!

And last, but not at all least, a some fantastic Earl and Countess headgear from the Amherst Family:

Earl Amherst coronet
Dutchess Amherst coronet
Dutchess Amherst coronet
Hat of Earl Amherst