Recorre los Archivos Virtuales de Costa Rica. Aprovecha la cuarentena quedate en casa

Recorra desde su hogar las exposiciones virtuales del Archivo Nacional de Costa Rica
https://www.elpais.cr/

San José, 2 abr (Elpais.cr).- En el mundo de los archivos la tecnología es una gran aliada porque ayuda a proteger los documentos originales y permite el acceso del material al público, sin límite de horario o geografía.

En el actual contexto, en el que tantas personas se encuentran en casa, el Archivo Nacional le recuerda al público que hay a su disposición una serie de exposiciones virtuales que puede acceder desde la comodidad de su hogar.

Fotografía: Memoria del pasado, fuente de información”; es una muestra centrada en la importante colección fotográfica que dispone la institución y que resalta el valor de este material como fuente de información que proporciona múltiples datos para los fines más diversos.

El público puede apreciar una selección de imágenes de personalidades que visitaron Costa Rica, como la Madre Teresa de Calcuta, Ronald Reagan o los mandatarios que firmaron los acuerdos de Paz en Centroamérica. Se aprecian imágenes que recrean la vida cotidiana de los pueblos, obras arquitectónicas del país, panorámicas antiguas de San José e imágenes del terremoto de Cartago de 1910, entre otras.

Un hecho que sucedió hace 208 años, un 19 de marzo de 1812, tendría secuelas que traspasarían el tiempo hasta los costarricenses de hoy. Ese hecho fue la promulgación de la Constitución de Cádiz y es el tema de la exposición “De vasallos a ciudadanos. Bicentenario de la Constitución de Cádiz”.

Esta muestra permite al público efectuar un recorrido por el contexto en el que surgió la Constitución de 1812, lo que incluye las ideas de la Ilustración y el hecho de que España estaba invadida por los franceses.

Asimismo, se explica el proceso mediante el cual 296 diputados de España y América emitieron el texto constitucional que entre otros aspectos fue novedoso en materia de soberanía nacional y división de poderes. En relación con la figura de Florencio Castillo, diputado por Costa Rica y Nicoya en las Cortes, se hace un recorrido por su vida, con énfasis en su participación como constituyente.

Otra de las exposiciones que la ciudadanía puede disfrutar de manera virtual gira alrededor de la vida de Juan Rafel Mora Porras, que lo presenta más allá de su faceta de gobernante. Está segmentada en cinco grandes áreas temáticas: vida personal, carrera política, actividades durante su administración, Juan Rafael Mora y la guerra 1856-1857 y la figura de Juan Rafael Mora Porras.

Si bien la mayoría de los documentos que se muestran provienen del Archivo Nacional, también hubo colaboraciones del Archivo Arquidiocesano, del Museo Histórico Cultural Juan Santamaría y del archivo privado de la familia Echeverría Loría (que resguarda documentos personales del ex Presidente).

Dentro de los documentos se encuentran cartas, fotografías y expedientes del Congreso. Del material facilitado por los descendientes, destaca una reproducción de la nota que don Juan Rafael escribió a su esposa horas antes de morir y una reproducción de una nota que tenía en su bolsillo al momento de ser fusilado, en la que se le indicaba que si se entregaba podría salvar la vida de otros.

Otro de los materiales que el Archivo Nacional ofrece al público son los catálogos de dos importantes exposiciones que se mostraron de manera presencial en la institución en los últimos años. Se trata de “Pacífico. España y la aventura de la Mar del Sur”, ideal para los amantes de la historia, los documentos y las narraciones de aventuras y “Expo Afiches. Colección de Afiches del Archivo Nacional”, una selección de afiches dedicados a actividades artísticas, naturaleza, temáticas educativas y efemérides. Ambos documentos están disponibles, además, para descarga gratuita.

El primer catálogo se centra en el descubrimiento y la exploración del océano Pacífico durante el siglo XVI, un proceso histórico que tuvo como consecuencia la transformación del océano más grande de la tierra en una vía de comunicación entre los pueblos.

El material permite difundir el riquísimo fondo documental sobre este tema contenido en el Archivo General de Indias, en Sevilla, España. Se incluyen documentos y crónicas de la gesta de Vasco Núñez de Balboa, primer europeo en divisar el océano Pacífico y la repercusión de dicho acontecimiento en la mentalidad del viejo continente. Además, se puede apreciar la primera noticia del citado avistamiento de la llamada “Mar del Sur”, un facsímil con los principales documentos relacionados con la primera exploración española del océano Pacífico.

El segundo catálogo está dedicado a la colección de afiches del Archivo Nacional que está integrada por más de 8.800 unidades y cuya expectativa es apreciar este producto como fuente documental para investigadores y promover el disfrute del afiche como documento gráfico.

Así, se puede apreciar el afiche costarricense más antiguo de la colección, que trata sobre una publicidad del Teatro Moderno, del 28 de mayo de 1913, en la que se anuncia a la “notable compañía cómico-lírica y de variedades Robertson”. También se muestra el afiche más antiguo del extranjero, que corresponde a una celebración del 1° de mayo, en Italia. Se destacan especialmente los materiales conmemorativos de efemérides patrias y los de difusión de actividades artísticas, deportivas, políticas y académicas, entro otras.

Además de las exposiciones virtuales, aquellas personas amantes de fotografías y documentos históricos pueden visitar el perfil de Instagram del Archivo Nacional y descubrir la belleza del patrimonio documental costarricense. Asimismo, pueden ingresar al canal de YouTube de la organización y encontrar videos institucionales y del quehacer archivístico.

Quienes estén interesados en la lectura de textos más académicos sobre la Archivística y áreas afines (como Historia y Ciencias de la Información), pueden aprovechar también la lectura de la Revista del Archivo Nacional.

El Archivo Nacional también ofrece a comunidades e instituciones de todo el país la posibilidad de exhibir, sin costo alguno, exposiciones itinerantes basadas en los fondos documentales del Archivo Histórico y en algunos casos de archivos extranjeros. Se les invita a conocerlas más de cerca en el enlace anterior y disfrutar de ellas en el momento en que pasen las restricciones de la medida sanitaria.

Susana Giménez aprovechó la cuarentena para ordenar sus archivos

Susana Giménez recordó uno de sus bloopers más desopilantes y revolucionó las redes
https://www.latecla.info/

La diva de los teléfonos aprovechó la cuarentena para ordenar sus archivos y encontró una memorable entrevista que quiso compartir con sus seguidores




“¡No saben todo lo que estoy haciendo en casa! Tiré todos los remedios que tenía vencidos; saqué la ropa que ya no uso más. Como quedó más lugar en el vestidor, reordené cajones y estantes; reorganicé la bijouterie; limpié mi compu de e-mails y archivos que no necesito más; estoy aprendiendo a cocinar”, escribió Susana Giménez días atrás en sus redes, dando cuenta de que la cuarentena por coronavirus le está rindiendo.

Pero ahora, la diva de los teléfonos fue por más y parece ser que quiso ordenar su archivo, pero encontró una “perlita” que valía la pena compartir. Y es que ella es una de las pocas famosas que sabe reírse de sí misma.

El material data del 2005. Susana está en living de Telefé acompañada por un hombre que había nacido con anatomía femenina y había cambiado su sexo mediante una cirugía. La diva venía siguiendo las preguntas escritas al pie de la letra, cuando de repente quiso aportar lo suyo y terminó metiendo la pata al aire, con un blooper que pasó a la historia.

“¡Que valiente cuando fuiste a hacerte eso! Porque, para un hombre, en realidad… En el momento en que te dormías vos sabías que te iban a cortar…los testículos. ¿No?”, dijo la conductora ante la mirada atónita de su entrevistado, que enseguida aclaró: “No, no me sacaron a mí: a mí me implantaron testículos. Yo tenía cuerpo femenino, ¿está bien?”. Y fiel a su estilo, cargado de humor, Susana respondió: “¡Ah, cierto!”.


Informe de Mercado de Transferencia de Archivos Gestionados Globalmente

Informe De Mercado De Transferencia De Archivos Gestionados Globalmente, Tendencias Recientes, Factores De Crecimiento, Desafíos, Oportunidades, Estrategias, Desarrollos Recientes, Segmentos De Productos Y Pronóstico De Crecimiento 2019-2028

https://marketresearch.biz/report/managed-file-transfer-market/

El mercado global de transferencia de archivos administrados se valoró en US $ xx Bn en 2018. Se espera que alcance los US $ xx Bn en 2028. Se espera que el mercado registre un crecimiento significativo entre 2019 y 2028. El mercado global de transferencia de archivos administrados se ha dividido en la base del tipo de implementación, tipo de modelo, solución, tamaño de la organización, vertical de la industria y región y país.
Descripción general de la transferencia de archivos gestionados (MFT)
Transferir datos y asegurarlos durante una transferencia rápida y rutinaria se está volviendo cada vez más importante para uso comercial. Las soluciones MFT implican servicio o software, lo que ayuda a las empresas a asegurar las transferencias de datos diarias. Las transferencias de archivos administradas, comúnmente conocidas como MFT, implican el uso de cifrado de extremo a extremo, métricas de rendimiento, notificaciones de transferencia de archivos, no repudio, auditabilidad, automatización de actividades relacionadas con la transferencia de archivos y procesos relacionados.
Cada vez más empresas se están dando cuenta de que las MFT son esenciales para las transferencias de archivos seguras en comparación con los FTP ampliamente utilizados, que antes eran comunes en varias organizaciones. Sin embargo, las MFT deben adaptarse para ser más escalables, ajustarse a las tendencias de SAAS y satisfacer una amplia variedad de necesidades de varias organizaciones diferentes para seguir siendo competitivas en el futuro cercano.
Impulsores del crecimiento del mercado y tendencias clave de la industria
Se espera que el crecimiento del mercado esté impulsado por la creciente importancia de las soluciones en la nube, las oportunidades de ahorro de costos en el almacenamiento virtual de datos, las crecientes amenazas de cibercrimen y la digitalización. Las soluciones de transferencia de archivos cada vez más administradas son cada vez más complejas para adaptarse a las crecientes necesidades de las empresas.Las organizaciones también pueden implementar estas soluciones en las instalaciones, en la nube, en entornos híbridos. Las soluciones administradas de transferencia de archivos se proporcionarían como un conjunto todo en uno que incluye almacenamiento de archivos, gobierno de archivos, transferencia y seguridad de datos, soluciones de traducción e integración de archivos para cumplir con las crecientes expectativas. Lo anterior son factores clave que impulsan el crecimiento del mercado global de MFT.
Las tendencias clave de la industria incluyen:
  • Colaboraciones estratégicas y asociaciones entre actores internacionales y locales.
  • Grandes inversiones de capital por parte de los principales actores en actividades de I + D
  • Alta penetración de soluciones MFT basadas en la nube
Se espera que estas tendencias ganen tracción y respalden el crecimiento del mercado en el futuro cercano.
Análisis por segmento
Por tipo de implementación:
Entre los segmentos de tipo de implementación, se anticipa que el segmento en las instalaciones representará una mayor participación en los ingresos en el mercado global. Se espera que el segmento de la nube crezca a una tasa de crecimiento sustancial debido a la creciente preferencia por los servicios basados ​​en la nube y la llegada de la conectividad a Internet de alta velocidad 5G.
Por tipo de solución:
Entre los segmentos de tipo de solución, se prevé que el segmento centrado en la aplicación mantenga una posición dominante en términos de participación en los ingresos en el mercado objetivo. Se estima que los otros dos segmentos, centrados en las personas y ad hoc, representan cuotas de ingresos moderados en el mercado mundial.
Por tipo de componente:
Entre los componentes, se anticipa que el segmento de software representará una parte significativa en términos de valor en el mercado para la transferencia de archivos administrados. Se anticipa que el segmento de servicios profesionales crecerá a un ritmo notable debido a la constante necesidad de servicios en términos de integración, mantenimiento, etc.
Por tamaño de organización:
Entre los dos segmentos de tamaño de la organización, se espera que el segmento de empresas a gran escala mantenga una posición dominante en términos de contribución de ingresos y se espera que el segmento de pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYME) sea testigo de una mayor tasa de crecimiento debido a la creciente adopción de servicios basados ​​en la nube por pymes.
Análisis regional
Se espera que el mercado de transferencia de archivos administrados en América del Norte represente la mayor parte del mercado mundial. Se espera que el mercado en América del Norte registre un crecimiento significativo, impulsado principalmente por la adopción temprana y superior de nuevas tecnologías, un gran número de empresas y plataformas basadas en la nube debido a las oportunidades de reducción de costos ofrecidas y una mayor conciencia sobre los beneficios de la digitalización. Se espera que el mercado de Asia Pacífico MFT registre la mayor tasa de crecimiento durante el período de 10 años, impulsado por las crecientes iniciativas del gobierno para la digitalización, desarrollando rápidamente verticales de uso final como BFSI, TI y telecomunicaciones, atención médica y otros.
Segmentación global del mercado de transferencia de archivos gestionados
Segmentación, por tipo de implementación:
  • Nube
  • En la premisa
  • Híbrido
Segmentación, por tipo de solución:
  • Aplicación centrada
  • Centrado en las personas
  • Ad hoc
Segmentación, por tipo de componente:
  • Software
  • Servicios profesionales
    • Consultoría e integración de sistemas
    • Soporte y mantenimiento
Segmentación, por tamaño de organización:
  • Pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYME)
  • Grandes empresas
Segmentación, por sector vertical:
  • BFSI
  • TI y telecomunicaciones
  • Gobierno
  • Cuidado de la salud
  • Logística
  • Educación
  • Al por menor
  • Medios y entretenimiento
  • Fabricación
  • Energía y Utilidad
  • Otros (viajes y hospitalidad, legal, construcción, etc.)
Segmentación, por región:
  • Norteamérica
  • Europa
  • Asia-Pacífico
  • America latina
  • Medio Oriente y África
Especial Alcance
Región
  • Norteamérica
    • NOSOTROS
    • Canadá
  • Europa
    • Alemania
    • Reino Unido
    • Francia
    • Italia
    • España
    • Rusia
    • El resto de Europa
  • Asia Pacífico
    • China
    • India
    • Japón
    • Australia
    • Corea del Sur
    • Resto de Asia Pacífico
  • America latina
    • Brasil
    • Mexico
    • Resto de latinoamerica
  • Oriente Medio y África
    • CCG
    • Sudáfrica
    • Resto de Medio Oriente y África
Año actual 2019
Año estimado 2020
Periodo de previsión 2020–2029
Ingresos en EL DÓLAR AMERICANO$
Autor: Jordan Hayes

Coronavirus: El poder de la Información a tiempo

La Información es poder
https://www.mimorelia.com/

Ahora nos damos cuenta de que la organización y conservación, administración y preservación homogénea es indispensable siempre, pero sobre todo en tiempos en que se tiene que actuar rápido; sí, en este momento que tenemos que generar documentos sin parar y encontrar la información necesaria para salvar vidas. 

Ahora que se requiere promover el uso de métodos y técnicas archivísticas para desarrollar sistemas de archivos que nos garanticen localizar de manera expedita los expedientes administrativos y clínicos. 

Que la gestión documental nos facilita todas y cada una de las actividades a realizar, y que nos hubiera permitido advertir las áreas de oportunidad que tenemos en cuanto al manejo de la información interna y de los pacientes. 



Que sin este tratamiento integral de la documentación y la falta de protocolos de seguridad de la información que contiene datos personales sensibles, ha sido muy complicado, a veces imposible, proteger los datos de las personas que han dado positivo por Covid-19 o que están en contacto con ellas; en consecuencia, ahora muchos de ellos viven discriminados, y enfermeros, doctores y personal que trabaja en dependencias de salud son agredidos. 


Nos percatamos de que tuvimos que haber aprovechado las tecnologías de la información para mejorar la administración de los archivos; que esto nos hubiera ahorrado mucho tiempo y que, a su vez, hubiera permitido tiempos de espera menores para atender a los pacientes y para tratar a las personas internadas en los centros de salud. 

Que es necesario que absolutamente todo el personal esté capacitado en archivos y gestión documental, porque no sólo quien está en el archivo histórico maneja los documentos; sino que es en las áreas operativas donde aquellos tienen un mayor uso. 

Y que, actualmente, depende del tratamiento que se le está dando a los documentos, la precisión de la información que se da a conocer, las medidas que se acuerdan y ordenan ejecutar y la vida de muchos mexicanos.

Fuente: https://www.mimorelia.com/ahora-nos-damos-cuenta/

VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes: Descarbonizar, digitalizar y distribuir

‘Descarbonizar, digitalizar y distribuir: retos de futuro de las ciudades hacia el 2050’, lema del VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes
https://www.esmartcity.es/

El pasado 25 de febrero se celebró la jornada de presentación del VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes en la sede de la Secretaría de Estado de Digitalización e Inteligencia Artificial(SEDIA), apoyo institucional del evento junto con Red.es. La sexta edición del Congreso organizado por Grupo Tecma Red, cuyo Llamamiento de Comunicaciones y Proyectos estará abierto hasta el 17 de abril, tendrá lugar el próximo 25 de junio en el espacio La Nave del Ayuntamiento de Madrid.

Más de 150 profesionales del sector de las smart cities asistieron a la jornada de presentación del VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes, que se celebró bajo el lema ‘Descarbonizar, Digitalizar y Distribuir: Retos de futuro de las ciudades hacia el 2050’. De la misma manera, unas 250 personas siguieron el evento de lanzamiento en streaming.

La jornada se celebró la mañana del 25 de febrero en el Salón de Actos de SEDIA, incluyendo una mesa redonda, la presentación oficial de la sexta edición del Congreso y un cóctel-networking para finalizar. La directora del Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes, Inés Leal, hizo el papel de moderadora en la mesa redonda, para desgranar más tarde las novedades de la nueva edición del foro de referencia de ciudades inteligentes, incluido dentro de las acciones relevantes reflejadas dentro del Plan Nacional de Territorios Inteligentes PNCI (Acción 4: Comunicación y difusión).


La sexta edición del Congreso pondrá el foco en la importancia de la tecnología y la innovación para alcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) y el compromiso europeo de una sociedad descarbonizada de cara a 2050.

Aunque el programa definitivo no se publicará hasta después de la segunda reunión del Comité Técnico, a mediados del mes de mayo, el contenido preliminar del Congreso incluirá diversas conferencias magistrales impartidas por la Administración de referencia, tres mesas redondas sobre temáticas estratégicas para las Ciudades y Territorios Inteligentes, y la exposición de entre 12 y 15 ponencias orales seleccionadas por el Comité Técnico del Llamamiento de Comunicaciones y Proyectos de Ciudad Inteligente.

Las inscripciones para asistir al VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes permanecerán abiertas hasta completar aforo, aunque no más tarde del 19 de junio.
Mesa redonda

La mesa redonda ‘Descarbonizar, Digitalizar y Distribuir: Retos de futuro de las ciudades hacia el 2050’, contó con la participación de Antonio Alcolea, subdirector general de Fomento de la Sociedad de la Información de la Secretaría de Estado de Digitalización e Inteligencia Artificial; Francisco Javier Martín, director general de Vivienda y Suelo del Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana; Jesús Ferrero, subdirector general de Energías Renovables y Estudios, Dirección General de Política Energética y Minas del Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico; Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza, presidente de la Red Española de Ciudades Inteligentes (RECI), y Ana Estebaranz, subdirectora de Innovación y Crecimiento de la Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias (FEMP).

mesa redonda de la jornada de presentación VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes
Componentes de la mesa redonda en la jornada de presentación del VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes.

Por su parte, Inés Leal explicó que la finalidad de la mesa redonda es “contribuir al proceso de identificación de líneas estratégicas y priorización de medidas que deberían ponerse en marcha, que justifican la intervención pública, para impulsar el desarrollo de ciudades inteligentes y sostenibles”. Así, la moderadora lanzó tres cuestiones principales comunes a las que los componentes de la mesa respondieron desde la perspectiva de la organización a la que representan.
El papel de los datos

Como anfitrión de la jornada celebrada en SEDIA, Antonio Alcolea abrió la mesa redonda respondiendo a la pregunta planteada por la moderadora sobre los retos a afrontar con urgencia para descarbonizar, digitalizar y realizar una transición energética justa en nuestras ciudades y territorios, y cómo se están abordando desde SEDIA.


Alcolea hizo hincapié en el gran desafío de extraer el valor de los datos. Y en referencia al resto de cuestiones planteadas sobre el papel de la tecnología y la innovación, así como de la colaboración público-privada para cumplir los compromisos europeos a 2050, explicó que hay un reto esencial, “que es el de la utilización de los datos privados para hacerlos interoperables y compartidos, para mejorar la gestión de los servicios públicos y la gobernanza del dato”.En la misma línea, Francisco Javier Martín reconoció que la administración cuenta con muchísimos datos, pero aún queda un largo recorrido para lograr una gestión adecuada. “En primer lugar, es imprescindible contar con un diagnóstico basado en información para después actuar en el ámbito de las ciudades inteligentes”, comentó.Descarbonización para 2050
Martín destacó como reto fundamental “la oportunidad de las próximas décadas”, para lo que “la digitalización no es un fin, sino un medio para abordar los retos”, como el cambio climático, la movilidad y la calidad de vida en las ciudades.
Jesús Ferrero se centró en el papel del sector de la energía en la descarbonización, por lo que era obligado hablar del Plan Nacional Integrado de Energía y Clima (PNIEC), abierto a consulta pública hasta el próximo 25 de marzo, y del que señaló tres ejes principales.

En primer lugar, “mejorar la eficiencia energética de toda la economía en su conjunto, y la edificación es una parte muy importante del consumo energético”. El segundo punto abarca actuaciones sobre el transporte con la introducción de movilidad alternativa y cambios de comportamiento de la ciudadanía; “el plan prevé 5 millones de vehículos eléctricos en 2030”. Por último, potenciar las energías renovables, “que deberían llegar al 42% en 2030”, reseñó Ferrero.
Ciudades y territorios inteligentes

Las estrategias de territorio inteligente incluyen cada vez más, no solo a grandes ciudades, sino también a urbes de tamaño medio y zonas rurales. Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza hizo hincapié en la necesidad de sustituir la perspectiva centralista por una visión nodal, que incluya ciudades medias, pequeñas y áreas rurales.

Asimismo, señaló como retos de las ciudades “la movilidad, la industria y lo residencial, que tienen que ver con cómo la tecnología mejora ese proceso de comunicación entre el ciudadano y la administración, y para eso la administración digital tiene que ser eficiente y llegar a todos los municipios”.

Haciendo referencia al reto demográfico, Francisco Javier Martín agregó que “no nos debemos resignar a un crecimiento indefinido de las grandes metrópolis, sino que deberíamos tratar de enfocar nuestros esfuerzos en contemplar un escenario mucho más multinodal. Ciudades medianas conviviendo con grandes y con una distribución territorial distinta”.Por su parte, Ana Estebaranz explicó que “es en las ciudades y en los pueblos donde debemos dar respuesta a los retos que se presentan, pues tienen un papel determinante en la innovación y el desarrollo sostenible”. Destacó como prioridad estratégica de la FEMP la Agenda 2030 y los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible 11 y 16, para buscar soluciones a problemas relacionados con el medio ambiente y el transporte, entre otras cuestiones, con el fin de desarrollar políticas públicas sostenibles.

Presentación oficial

Inés Leal puso fin a la jornada con la presentación oficial del VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes. La directora del Congreso animó a los profesionales involucrados en el desarrollo urbano a participar en el Llamamiento de Comunicaciones y Proyectos, que permanecerá abierto hasta el próximo 17 de abril y cuyas propuestas presentadas deben estar incluidas en algunas de las siguientes áreas temáticas:
Gobierno, Participación Ciudadana e Innovación Social
Diseño Urbano y Accesibilidad
Transporte y Movilidad
Eficiencia Energética, Redes Eléctricas Inteligentes y Energías Renovables
Medioambiente Urbano, Economía Circular y Calidad de Vida
Transformación Digital y Servicios 4.0
Seguridad y Servicios a las Personas
Destinos Turísticos Inteligentes
Territorios Rurales Inteligentes e Islas Inteligentes


PROYECTOS DE CIUDAD Y TERRITORIO INTELIGENTE

Para presentar Comunicaciones y Proyectos al VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes, los profesionales o entidades interesadas deberán enviar una propuesta breve (son válidas tanto de carácter nacional, como europeo o internacional) que resuma los aspectos clave a través del formulario online disponible en el portal web del Congreso.

Las propuestas serán evaluadas por la organización, y de ser aceptadas, los autores serán informados vía e-mail para que envíen la Comunicación o Ficha de Proyecto final hasta el 17 de abril de 2020.


El Comité Técnico seleccionará entre 12 y 14 Comunicaciones y/o Proyectos de Ciudad Inteligente, cuyos autores tendrán la oportunidad de presentar durante la celebración del Congreso. Asimismo, todas las propuestas aceptadas serán publicadas en el Libro de Comunicaciones y Proyectos de Ciudad Inteligente y/o en formato digital mediante el portal ESMARTCITY, que estará disponible para su compra en Amazon tras el Congreso.

Previo a la presentación del VI Congreso, SEDIA acogió la primera reunión del Comité Técnico del Congreso -que esta edición se compone de cerca de 40 profesionales de alto nivel en el ámbito de Ciudades y Territorios Inteligentes- para definir las temáticas para el Llamamiento de Comunicaciones y Proyectos.

Primera reunión del Comité TécnicoEl pasado martes 25 de febrero SEDIA también acogió la primera reunión del Comité Técnico del Congreso.

La jornada de presentación del VI Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes concluyó con un cóctel-networking, donde asistentes, agentes involucrados en el sector y ponentes pudieron compartir impresiones sobre la nueva edición del Congreso Ciudades Inteligentes, para el que ya ha empezado la cuenta atrás.

Digitalización del patrimonio cultural de las ciudades europeas

La digitalización del patrimonio cultural de las ciudades europeas contribuye a su conservación y difusión
https://www.esmartcity.es/

El pack de resultados publicado recientemente por el Servicio Comunitario de Información sobre Investigación y Desarrollo de la Unión Europea (Cordis) desvela las diversas innovaciones digitales desarrolladas por 12 proyectos financiados con fondos europeos -con una inversión global de 33 millones de euros- y que tienen en común el uso de las tecnologías digitales para garantizar la conservación del patrimonio cultural europeo.

La plataforma europea para el patrimonio cultural Europeana trabaja con archivos, bibliotecas y museos de toda Europa para facilitar el acceso, el uso y la reutilización del contenido cultural. Gracias a esta plataforma paneuropea y a la Declaración de cooperación firmada por 26 países europeos, la UE está avanzando en la digitalización del patrimonio cultural.

Debido a que el patrimonio cultural puede dañarse con facilidad y de forma permanente o hasta ser destruido por fenómenos climatológicos, un incorrecto mantenimiento o hasta por actos vandálicos, su digitalización es fundamental para que se conserve en el tiempo. Así, la Comisión Europea -a través del programa Horizonte 2020- ha destinado fondos por un valor de 70 millones de euros a la investigación y la innovación en el ámbito del patrimonio cultural entre 2014 y 2020.



El papel de las tecnologías digitales en la conservación del patrimonio

Los proyectos Arches, EU-LAC-Museums y DigiArt han usado tecnologías como la modelización 3D y la realidad aumentada para mejorar la accesibilidad de los museos como instituciones clave en la conservación cultural. Por su parte, Gift redefine la experiencia en el museo a través de las tecnologías; por ejemplo, la app homónima del proyecto permite a los visitantes usar sus teléfonos móviles para crear un regalo digital diferente.



Proyecto Time Machine
                   Time Machine está digitalizando archivos culturales mediante inteligencia artificial y la extracción de datos masivos.                                           Foto: Organización de Time Machine

Pluggy presentó la primera red social dedicada a la promoción del patrimonio cultural europeo, mientras que I-Media-Cities desarrolló una plataforma que utiliza material audiovisual para que cualquier usuario pueda descubrir el patrimonio de nueve ciudades europeas. En cuanto al proyecto Emotive, ofrece a los profesionales del patrimonio herramientas para crear experiencias interactivas de narración que resulten de interés público.

El trabajo denominado Time Machine desarrolló una infraestructura informática y de digitalización que usa la inteligencia artificial y la extracción de datos masivos para obtener y analizar una gran cantidad de información generada al digitalizar archivos de museos y bibliotecas.

El proyecto ArchAIDE desarrolló un software innovador para identificar los fragmentos de cerámica encontrados en las excavaciones, así como almacenarlos en una base de datos para ayudar a los arqueólogos en su labor.

Proyecto Arches
El proyecto Arches ha desarrollado soluciones tecnológicas accesibles, como relieves táctiles de obras de arte.

Inception diseñó modelos enriquecidos en 3D de entornos construidos y sociales sobre un eje temporal para conseguir una interacción con el patrimonio cultural.

Asimismo, Crosscult creó experiencias interactivas mediante conexiones transfronterizas entre culturas, ciudadanos y lugares para animar a los usuarios a reflexionar y crear sus propias interpretaciones.

Otra iniciativa innovadora desarrollada recientemente es iMareCulture. Mediante tecnologías inmersivas, como la realidad aumentada y la realidad virtual, ha conseguido hacer más accesible el patrimonio cultural submarino de Europa.


Archivos digitalizados en nueve ciudades europeas

La historia de nueve ciudades europeas es ahora más accesible gracias a la tecnología digital y multimedia. Han participado Barcelona, Turín y Bolonia (Italia), Atenas (Grecia), Viena (Austria), Frankfurt (Alemania), Bruselas (Bélgica), Copenhague (Dinamarca) y Estocolmo (Suecia). Aunque ya ha concluido, los socios pretenden ampliar el alcance a más ciudades de la Unión Europea.

Proyecto i-media-cities
La plataforma de I-Media-Cities incluye los archivos digitalizados de nueve ciudades europeas, entre las que se encuentra Barcelona.
I-Media-Cities es una plataforma online que permite a los usuarios consultar más de 10.000 fotografías y películas digitalizadas, así como añadir su propia información etiquetando fotografías o fotogramas concretos y visitar exposiciones en tres dimensiones. Utiliza una herramienta de aprendizaje automático que permite analizar el material subido, además de segmentar las películas en planos y buscar en cada fotograma la presencia de más de 80 conceptos.
Se trata de una iniciativa coordinada por la Cinemateca Real belga y ha contado con un presupuesto total de 3.349.787,50 euros.

Inteligencia artificial y extracción de datos masivos

El proyecto Time Machine, coordinado por la Escuela Politécnica Federal de Lausana en Suiza y dotado de una asignación general de 1.215.578,79 euros, está digitalizando archivos de museos y bibliotecas mediante inteligencia artificial y la extracción de datos masivos para ofrecer interpretaciones del pasado con detalle.
En los próximos tres años (2020-2023), contempla la construcción un motor en tres dimensiones -además de la dimensión del tiempo- para recrear las ciudades antiguas, a las que se podrá acceder desde los teléfonos móviles o a través de interfaces específicas de realidad aumentada.

Experiencias interactivas con la historia europea

La plataforma Crosscult ofrece servicios de software flexibles y herramientas para que los profesionales del patrimonio cultural desarrollen sus propias aplicaciones con el objetivo de animar a la reflexión y la reinterpretación de la historia europea. Alberga cuatro ecosistemas que ofrecen soluciones para la exploración y conexión de lugares, el descubrimiento urbano de la ubicación del patrimonio cultural y la vinculación de artículos culturales digitales y físicos.
National Gallery, proyecto Crosscult
En el primer caso piloto del proyecto Crosscult los cuadros de la Galería Nacional de Londres mostraban aspectos diferentes de la historia de Europa, conectando conceptos, sitios y personas.

Se trata de un proyecto coordinado por el Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Luxemburgo, con una financiación de 3.690.216,25 euros, que llevó a cabo cuatro estudios piloto.

En el primero, los cuadros de la Galería Nacional de Londres mostraban aspectos diferentes de la historia de Europa, conectando conceptos, sitios y personas, a la vez que servían de ayuda a los visitantes para moverse por el recinto. El segundo piloto conectó cuatro yacimientos arqueológicos de España, Italia, Portugal y Grecia a través del estudio del uso terapéutico del agua en la Antigüedad, en el que los visitantes colaboraron en juegos específicos. El Museo Arqueológico de Trípoli en Grecia nutrió de forma digital su colección con artículos de museos de todo el mundo en los que se estudia el lugar de la mujer en la sociedad en diferentes épocas. Por último, dos ciudades declaradas por la Unesco Patrimonio de la Humanidad -Luxemburgo y La Valeta (Malta)- se vincularon mediante el uso de tecnologías de colaboración masiva y basadas en la ubicación bajo el tema del movimiento demográfico.
Un patrimonio cultural más accesible

El centro de investigación de Computación Visual VRVis en Austria ha coordinado el proyectoArches -dotado de un presupuesto de 3.838.158,03 euros- con el objetivo de hacer más accesibles los espacios culturales.

El proyecto Arches, en el que han participado personas con discapacidad, ha desarrollado soluciones tecnológicas accesibles como avatares digitales capaces de interpretar en lengua de signos, relieves táctiles de obras de arte, aplicaciones sin obstáculos para visitar museos y juegos para dispositivos móviles.

Proyecto Arches
El proyecto Arches trata de hacer los museos más accesibles para personas con discapacidad.

Los resultados finales incluyen una aplicación que guía al visitante a través del museo, acompañada de un juego relativo a las obras de arte y un portal web para acceder a todo el contenido. La guía está disponible en los seis museos participantes: Thyssen-Bornemisza, Lázaro Galdiano y el Museo de Bellas Artes de Asturias (España), Victoria & Albert Museum y The Wallace Collection (Reino Unido), y KHM-Museumsverband (Austria).

En definitiva, las tecnologías digitales pueden contribuir a la protección, conservación, restauración, investigación, difusión y promoción de los bienes culturales materiales e inmateriales procedentes de todo tipo de instituciones culturales, como museos, galerías, monumentos, bibliotecas y archivos. Para ello, se usa desde la tecnología 3D hasta la inteligencia artificial y la realidad virtual o aumentada, que además de contribuir a la conservación, estimulan el interés por el patrimonio cultural europeo.

¿Cuánto sabe Facebook realmente de nosotros? Descarga tu información almacenada

Cómo descargar los datos que Facebook tiene almacenados de ti
https://www.malavida.com/

Facebook recolecta una gran cantidad de datos sobre nosotros. La pregunta es, ¿cuánto sabe realmente? Puedes averiguarlo con esta guía para descargar todos los datos que guarda acerca de ti y tu actividad

Para descargar una copia de los datos que Facebook tiene sobre ti en primer lugar abre la app y pulsa el botón del menú:


Llegarás a esta pantalla:

Haz scroll hacia abajo, hasta que veas el apartado Settings & Privacy. Pulsa sobre él:

Sección de ajustes y privacidad en el menú de FacebookSección de ajustes y privacidad en el menú de Facebook

Se desplegará un menú. En él, pulsa sobre Settings:

Menú de ajustes y privacidad desplegadoMenú de ajustes y privacidad desplegado

Entrarás en el apartado de ajustes de la app, que tiene este aspecto:

Vista principal de los ajustes de FacebookVista principal de los ajustes de Facebook
Aquí busca el apartado Your Facebook Information y pulsa sobre Download Your Information:
Sección de tu información personal en FacebookSección de tu información personal en Facebook

Llegarás a la pantalla de descarga de tu información. Aquí Facebook te permite elegir si quieres descargar todos tus datos, o si quieres elegir qué quieres descargar. Para ello, tendrás que marcar o desmarcar los ticksque ves al lado de cada apartado:

Selección de los elementos que queremos consultarSelección de los elementos que queremos consultar

Al final del todo también podrás elegir el rango de fechas que cubrirá tu informe, ya sea desde que entraste en la red social o un marco temporal definido por ti. También podrás elegir si quieres descargar tu info como un documento HTML o JSON, y la calidad en la que quieres que se descarguen tus archivos multimedia. Cuando lo hayas revisado todo, pulsa en Create File:

Creación del archivo con nuestra información personalCreación del archivo con nuestra información personal

Llegarás a esta pantalla:

Página de petición del archivo de descargaPágina de petición del archivo de descarga

Aquí se te informa de que tu petición se ha generado, y que dependiendo del tamaño de la petición de información tu documento contendrá uno o más archivos. También, dependiendo del tamaño de tu petición, Facebook tardará más o menos tiempo en generar una recopilación de todos tus datos. La aplicación te enviará una notificación cuando haya terminado, tras lo cual podrás proceder a descargarlo pulsando en Download:

Descarga de la información personalDescarga de la información personal

En ese momento abrirá una ventana de un navegador, donde se te pedirá que introduzcas tu contraseña para descargarlo:

Reintroducción de la contraseña para acceder al archivoReintroducción de la contraseña para acceder al archivo

Cuando lo hagas, la información se guardará en tu dispositivo. Te advertimos que la cantidad de información que la red social posee sobre ti puede dejarte muy sorprendido, pero si de verdad quieres saber qué saben y qué no, así se consigue.

Autor: 02 de abril de 2020

Libro: Justicia, terrorismo y archivos: los archivos en la justicia y el terrorismo

Justicia, terrorismo y archivos
http://www.acal.es/index.php/publicaciones-acal/tabula/item/1071-justicia-terrorismo-y-archivos
Resumen

Sin duda, uno de los fenómenos con más repercusión social y política a nivel internacional en este principio de siglo XXI ha sido el terrorismo. En este número y desde la perspectiva profesional de la Archivística, se aborda la documentación de un tema hasta ahora inédito en la bibliografía profesional. La documentación que produce una organización terrorista, cómo los gestiona, comunica y custodia así como la información generada en la lucha contra esas organizaciones por los servicios de inteligencia son el objeto de estudio. También se presenta la memoria de las muestras espontáneas del duelo de la ciudadanía dejadas en los lugares de los atentados.


El segundo capítulo de este número se dedica al tema de los Archivos en el estrado, tratando de analizar al valor probatorio de los documentos y el papel que han jugado los documentos en los tribunales en los grandes procesos relacionados con graves violaciones de los Derechos Humanos. Al mismo tiempo trata de apuntar la gran trascendencia que tiene el hecho de documentar, del modo más eficaz posible, las actuaciones de esos mismos tribunales, sobre todo cuando los testimonios personales ofrecidos oralmente son la base fundamental de la acusación, como ha sucedido en el Tribunal Penal Internacional para Ruanda.

Información
Editores: Luis Hernández Olivera, Antonio González Quintana y Lluis Esteve Casellas i Serra
Serie: Tábula
Nº de serie: 14
Año: 2011
Páginas: 241
Encuadernación: Cartoné
Ilustraciones: B/N
Medidas: 22 x 15 cm
Idiomas: Español. Introducción y resúmenes en inglés
ISBN:

ISSN: 1132-6506

International Children’s Book Day in the DL

As we adjust to our new realities in the time of coronavirus, and we’re going stir-crazy and already bored with the books in the house, maybe it’s time for a deep dive into the children’s books of yesteryear for some new material. So, on today, International Children’s Book Day, celebrated on or near the birthday of Hans Christian Andersen each year, I would like to highlight some of the children’s literature we have in the digital library (DL) from the John Mackay Shaw Childhood in Poetry Collection.

Fairy tales abound in the Shaw Collection but Cinderella has always been a personal favorite. We have several digitized but my favorite version is a hand colored Cinderella from the 1800s.


A page from Cinderella, 1800s [see original object]

The story of Cock Robin is in many of the books of the Shaw Collection. This particular spread is from a children’s book titled Cock Robin: a pretty painted toy for either girl or boy : suited to children of all ages, published in 1840.


Pages from Cock Robin, 1840 [see original object]

Alphabet, or ABC, books are also plentiful in our digital collection. This one, Goode’s instructive alphabet for children from the 1800s, uses many professions and expressions that children today would probably not recognize (a reading and history lesson in one!)


Page from Goode’s Instructive Alphabet, 1800s [see original object]

And lastly, in case you are in need of some new songs (possibly the Disney tunes are already wearing on the nerves), Silver carols: a collection of new music for district schools, high schools, seminaries, academies, colleges, juvenile conventions and the home circle from 1874 may have a new set of songs for you and your children to explore.


Trip Lightly from Silver Carols, 1874 [see original object]

These are just a few of the hundreds of titles we’ve digitized and made available in the digital library from the Shaw collection. Happy reading on this International Children’s Book Day!

Favourite Things

Throughout April @ARAScot are running the #Archive30 promotional campaign on Twitter. Like many other services across the UK and internationally we are delighted to join in and meet the challenge of tweeting all 30 daily topics throughout the month! Today’s theme is #FavouriteItem. Last year our Archives & Special Collections team shared their selection. This year we’ve handed over to our users who have chosen their personal favourites from our fantastic collections!


Detail from cover of Japanese edition of The Player of Games, Iain M. Banks

Having spent time volunteering in the University Archives I have worked on many of the documents and artefacts in the collections held there. Perhaps my favourite item is one contained in the papers of the Fife born and Stirling University educated author Iain Banks (aka Iain M. Banks when writing his sci fi works). As well as correspondence with publishers and publicists, annotated cover artwork drafts, and press cuttings the collection features several letters from fans to the author. In one instance an admirer of Banks’ compliments the writer on his previous work. However, the letter quickly changes tone and they express in very certain terms their disappointment in what they see as severe flaws in one of his latest novels. The admonishment ends in the hope (or instruction) that Banks does not repeat this error again. Unintentionally humorous this letter made me laugh while exhibiting the sometimes complex relationship between author and reader. Unfazed, Banks replies with grace and good humour.

David Findlay, Archive Volunteer


Richard Haynes (right) holding mascot from the 1970 Commonwealth Games.

Sometimes items you come across in archives just stand out for their rarity and cultural value. The Scottish humpty dumpty is one of the prized assets Stirling University holds in its Commonwealth Games Scotland collections. As an item locked away in a cupboard for half a century it is well preserved: from the blue and white attire, the ‘Scottish Humpty’ was also decorated with thistle-like arms, a neatly sewn Saltire hat, and the crest and chain of the Commonwealth on its chest. Why is it significant? The very personalised mascot was the property of Isobel Burnett, whose father Willie Carmichael was a well-known sports administrator and Director of the 1970 Commonwealth Games. Its value to Scottish sports fans was emphasised when the rare mascot gained national media coverage in six Scottish newspapers when first exhibited as part of Hosts & Champions exhibition in 2015. Humpty is, without doubt, a star of the university’s special collections!

Prof. Richard Haynes, Professor of Media Sport, University of Stirling


Admission (1910) and discharge (1912) photographs of Margaret Morton
Letter of thanks from David Wardrope, 1912
Stirling District Asylum Archive

The case books of hand-written patient notes are my favourite items from the Stirling District Asylum archives. The patient stories are fascinating – sometimes sad, always touching. The case notes include a photograph of the patient on admission to and discharge from the asylum; being able to put a face to the person you are reading about really enriches the research experience for a writer. The case notes also sometimes have attached to them things like newspaper clippings and letters, including ‘thank-you’ letters which show that some asylum stays were characterised by kindness and care. Such personal contributions are invaluable in providing a rounded picture of what life both inside and outside the asylum might have been like in the early twentieth century.

Elaine Whiteford, author and archive user

Beneath the sometimes dry writing style and seriousness of a trade union journal, The Musician is an invaluable and unique account of what it was like to be a musician working in the UK during the second half of the twentieth century. It covers all the big social and political issues of the period from a singular – but otherwise under documented perspective – that of the musician. Crucially for researchers it does this to a level of detail that is unavailable elsewhere, allowing for the creation of new and more compelling histories of the profession and industries surrounding it. 

John Williamson, author of Players’ Work Time, A History of the British Musicians’ Union


A selection of Brooks’ research material from MK/1/1

It is the material on the United Central Africa Association in the Mackay Archive that I most treasure from my visits to Stirling.  The UCAA has been rarely discussed in academic literature.  The few academic works which do mention the UCAA lack depth and appear to overwhelmingly rely on newspaper accounts. The Mackay papers add a wealth of new dimensions to the limited existing scholarly assessments of the UCAA.  Perhaps most valuably, Mackay has collected documents that provide a behind the scenes take on the activities of the UCAA.  As more scholars make use of the Mackay Archive, these documents will undoubtedly come to play a prominent role in informing our understanding of the … dynamics that underpinned the creation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. 

Brooks Marmon, PhD researcher, University of Edinburgh

object of the week

While the Pathfoot Building is closed, the Art Collection will each week focus on an object of interest. You can also search our entire collection online here.


Photo by Julie Howden

Wall Construction
Mary Martin
(Aluminium, 1968-9)

The tradition of collecting art at the University of Stirling goes back to its beginnings in 1967 when one of its founding principals was that art and culture should be part of the everyday experience on campus. In these early days, site-specific works were commissioned and an excellent example of this is the wall-mounted sculptural panel by Mary Martin. The original plan was to commission Martin to create more works – just as the Pathfoot Building was described as the ‘parent cell’ of the University, so this work was seen as the first of a potential series of works throughout the developing campus – but in fact it turned out to be Mary Martin’s last public commission and she sadly died before it was installed.

The Wall Construction, or ‘Mural’ as it is usually now known, received very favourable reviews. Cordelia Oliver spoke of it as possessing a ‘spiritual dimension’, stating that most who see it would find:

‘an infinitely variable world of inner tensions, light and shadow, stresses and reliefs; a world that is not only unbelievably rich in spatial suggestion, but that promises as many moods as the day itself ‘.

The Guardian, 29th November, 1969

Very large, at sixty feet long, the Mural was designed to be move-able and modular, so that different parts could be displayed in various locations (although this has apparently not so far happened). The construction has however been moved as a whole at least twice. Its first location was quite low on the south-facing wall of the original Dining Room, and contemporary reviews speak of the ‘light, colour and movement that it takes from its surroundings’. Coloured reflections are clearly seen in the photo below of an early graduation ceremony.

Unfortunately this low position proved too vulnerable a spot – especially in a dining room, where social functions also took place at night. Damage to the work was already being noted by 1971, it was renovated in 1974, and in 1977 a full restoration was necessary. After this date, it was moved further up the same wall, and it can be seen in that position in the video at the end of this piece. When alterations were carried out to the Dining Hall, the Mural was moved again, sometime during the 1990s, this time to its current position in the Crush Hall.


Photo by Julie Howden

Although at first glance it seems to consist of a random arrangement of surfaces, the Mural is in fact very far from that. Mary Martin developed complex sequences: for each plane, there are four possible directions – down, up, left or right (which can be numbered 1,2,3, and 4), and the artist organised these planes in a sliding system, without repetition, so that the left-facing planes (or number 3s) descend diagonally from left to right 6 times in the first series of 24 vertical rows.

342131423214312434123241
431423214342134123241312
123214342131423241312434
214342131423241312434123

This is repeated in the last 24, with each plane in the middle section inverting this system.

Moving on from previous works of the early 1960s, in which she employed solid cubes sliced diagonally through at 45 degrees, Martin here expands on an idea used in her work ‘Inversions’ (1966 – now in the Tate) which replaces the solidity of the cubes with polished aluminium ‘floating’ diagonal planes. These introduce a lightness and modularity, reflecting the design of the Pathfoot Building itself, therefore making the work feel very much part of its environment.

Although the higher position on the wall, and its north facing aspect, now prevent us from enjoying to quite the same extent the multiple reflections and plays of light and colour mentioned in those early reviews, there is still much in the Mural to examine and appreciate.

Click below to see John Martyn playing ‘Rock Goes to College’ in 1981.
The venue is the original Pathfoot Dining Hall and the Mural is clearly visible as a backdrop.

We are very much obliged to Sam Gathercole’s (1998?) draft article ‘Mary Martin’s Construction for Stirling University, 1969’ which provides a fascinating insight into this work. If you would like to read this in full, please contact us.

National Archives Donates Protective Gear for COVID-19 Response

N-95 masks, nitrile gloves, gowns, Tyvek suits–these supplies are in high demand across the United States right now as hospital teams struggle to provide adequate protection for their staff responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The same equipment that is in short supply at hospitals is used by National Archives employees, preservation and conservation specialists, to deal with records damaged by floods, fires, or mold. Thanks to our dedicated staff, our agency’s supplies are now making their way to healthcare workers.

In March, the National Archives transferred supplies to Washington, DC’s Emergency Management Response Team, which in turn is working with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to distribute and reallocate the donated supplies.


Officials from the National Archives and the Washington, DC, Emergency Management Team load a van with personal protective equipment at the National Archives in College Park, MD, March 23, 2020. From left: NARA supply analyst Freddie Freeman, Ryan Lewis from the DC Emergency Response Team, NARA supply analyst Sandy Paulino-Trinidad. (Photo courtesy of Calvin Shoulders)

We are fighting a war against this virus and need to do what we can. I was moved by staffers’ suggestions to donate surplus protective supplies. Continuing support from agencies, organizations, and individuals is essential to getting frontline health workers the protection needed to help those who are sick. We are humbled to play a small role in helping at this difficult time.

Employees at several of the National Archives’ 44 locations across the country are assessing their inventory to make additional donations. We plan to keep a minimal amount for our own use, but we are committed to providing what we don’t need into the hands of those working hard to save lives and keep our communities safe. As a service organization, the National Archives is dedicated to helping internal and external customers, and Americans.

Scottish Political Archive Treasure

For the month of April, the Scottish Political Archive is, along with our colleagues in the University Archives, taking part in ARA Scotland’s #Archive30 Twitter campaign which will see us tweeting about a daily theme for the whole month – or giving it our best, anyway!

The 2nd April gives us an opportunity to look at some of our treasures with the theme #FavouriteItem and what a good opportunity to cast our eyes over the weird and wonderful things our collections contain!


@ARAScot’s #Archive30 themes

After some deliberation, we’ve gone for one of the more random items in our care which we love for its utter uniqueness and the vastness of what it represents. We’ve chosen a bottle of ashes.

These ashes were taken from a brazier which was lit by Democracy for Scotland in April 1992. Democracy for Scotland was a non party political organisation that kept a constant vigil on Regent Road in Edinburgh – which they considered to be the natural home of a Scottish Parliament, should one come into being – from the time of the victory of the Conservative Party in the 1992 General Election onwards.

This vigil was kept for over five years, with the brazier burning that whole time, until the Yes vote in the devolution referendum of 11th September 1997. The brazier was seen as a flame for democracy and an important part of the vigil. The ashes in this bottle are from the brazier’s 1,000th day of burning on 4th January 1995.


A whole lot of history in that little bottle!

This little bottle is something physical and marvellously representative of our wonderful collection of photographs that document the Vigil.


The brazier in action, warming hands and teapots for the duration of the Vigil

Student Traditions – past (and future?)

We can all use a good laugh these days, so here is a post from April 1, 2019 that should do the trick.

Every so often there seems to be a rush of interest in bringing back old Amherst traditions. Perhaps alumni wish that students of today could experience gathering as a class to sing at the senior fence. Or students wonder if they are missing out on quirky old traditions that could build school spirit.

Well, today I’d like to share with you some of the lesser known student traditions and activities from the past, all candidates for reintroduction into the Amherst traditions of today!

A photograph of four students in white full-body pajamas or body suits, posed in a photography studio.

Amherst College Competitive Napping Team, 1882

Let’s start with athletics – while competitive napping was only a recognized intercollegiate sport for 7 years, Amherst had 5 champion teams during that time. This is the team from 1882; Alfred Humbrey, at left, won the final tournament round with a record breaking nap of 6 hours and 43 minutes.

A photograph of eight students in formal wear in front of a painted backdrop of Johnson Chapel. The students appear to be holding invisible flutes.

Amherst Air Flute Octet, 1886

In the musical realm, Amherst’s well known Air Flute Octet charmed campus and area concert goers for decades before dissolving during the economic depression of 1893 when air flute prices became exorbitant.

Photograph of a group of students with canes and top hats sitting on a large rock, probably from the 1880s.

Amherst On-Campus Rock Climbing Society, date unknown

The short-lived On-Campus Rock Climbing Society was dedicated to finding and climbing every rock on the Amherst campus.

The Puritan Cosplay Club, 1952

The Puritan Cosplay Club was a wildly popular student activity in the early 1950s. The group attended both Puritan Con and Colonizers Con annually along with groups from Williams, Wesleyan, Yale and many other New England colleges.

Photograph of a groups of students formally dressed holding very, very long pipes, posed around a table in a photography studio

Amherst Extreme Pipe Club, 1883

Amherst’s Extreme Pipe Club was a selective group that existed from 1882-1885. Members of the club competed fiercely to have the longest pipe, by 1885 the pipes were observed to be nearing 8 feet long. The club was disbanded by the faculty after numerous custodian complaints of puncture marks in the hallways caused by students struggling to navigate their pipes around corners and through doorways.

Photograph of a large group of young men in a variety of fashions. Most of the men are looking off the side of the picture with sultry expressions.

Summer School for Fashion Modeling, 1888

Amherst also hosted a number of summer schools in the late 1800s. In a addition to the better know Summer School for Library Economy and Sauveur Language School, there was also the Amherst Summer School for Fashion Modeling which graduated dozens of young men who went on to renown in the Paris fashion plate scene. Appearing in this image (second from left in the back row) is Ellery Huntington, Class of 1888, who was later pictured in hundreds of fashion plates out of New York.

Photograph of a large group of students fighting, surrounded at a distance by a crown of observers

Annual Student Brawl, 1925

Photograph of clusters of students rolling on the ground in fisticuffs, behind them is a crown of onlookers behind a rope.

Annual Student Brawl, 1928

The Annual Student Brawl was a beloved tradition that began in 1899 and extended into the early 1930s. On a fine spring Saturday, the president would declare it “Brawl Day” and the student body would gather on the quad or the playing fields. The president would shoot a ceremonial pistol to start the brawl; after 30 minutes, any student left standing would be declared a superior specimen of Amherst manhood and given a purple striped ribbon to be worn on his hat for the remainder of the year. The faculty and citizens of the town of Amherst would bring their families and picnic on the lawn after the brawl.

Photograph of a group of students holding a variety of implements including, an ax, paddles, boards, rope, brooms, and sticks. Students are posed in front of a house.

The Ax, Rope, Club, Paddle, and Broom Society, 1893

The Ax, Rope, Club, Paddle and Broom Society was a secret society that rivaled the many fraternities at Amherst in the 1890s. Each of the implements in the society name was central to one of the society’s rituals. Unfortunately, the details of their rituals have been lost to time so modern researchers are left guessing. We do know that the club was kicked out of seven rooming housing in the span of three years between 1892 and 1894.

Photograph of three men in top hats with guinea pig images on them, presenting a guinea pig on a tray to a fourth man in front of Johnson Chapel.

Amherst Varsity Guinea Pig Breeding Team presenting their winning guinea pig, 1951.

Last, but not least, is the Amherst Varsity Guinea Pig Breeding Team. The team competed in division 3 guinea pig breeding from 1949 to 1957. Pictured here is the guinea pig that took the team to the national championship in 1951. Numerous alumni guinea pig breeders hoped that the school’s mascot would be officially changed to the guinea pig in 2016, but were, alas, disappointed.

Happy April Fools Day!

(All of the photographs in this post are, in fact, real photographs of Amherst College students, the interpretations however… are not. For more information about Brawl Day, please see the Chapel Rush and the Flag Rush. All the other photographs are unidentified.)

 

National Archives Operations during COVID-19: Mission Critical Functions Continue

The National Archives is committed to the health and safety of our visitors and staff, and we continue to do our part to prevent the spread of COVID-19. While our museums and facilities are closed to the public, we are continuing to perform mission essential emergency services to support our nation and citizens. These mission essential functions include: providing access to records needed to support emergency shelter, medical procedures, and funeral services for America’s veterans, the publication of the Federal Register, and providing emergency records loan services to the U.S. Congress. 


National Archives Building, Pennsylvania Ave, Washington DC. Photo by Richard Schneider

National Personnel Records Center
Like all other NARA facilities across our nation, I approved the temporary closure of the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) to support stay-at-home orders issued for St. Louis City and County and to protect our staff from the potential transmission of COVID-19. However, a select group of NARA staff continue providing mission-critical services. For the NPRC, this means providing access to records needed to support emergency shelter, medical procedures, and funeral services for America’s veterans.

NPRC’s holdings include medical records and patient clinical records from military hospitals across the world. These collections are often referenced to support emergency medical treatments for veterans. The Center also provides prompt access to military service records needed to help homeless veterans obtain shelter and to support funeral honors and burials in national cemeteries for deceased veterans. Working in concert with the Department of Veterans Affairs’ National Cemetery Administration and private sector funeral homes across the country, our staff responds to more than 1,000 burial-related requests each week.

The national pandemic emergency has temporarily disrupted many of the services we provide, including routine access to military records. However, the critical requests described above continue to be promptly serviced. If you have an urgent need for access to military service records, you may fax your request to 314 801-0764. This is a dedicated line for emergencies only. If your request is not urgent, I ask that you consider delaying it until we are past this national emergency.

Federal Register
The Office of the Federal Register (OFR) provides access to the official text of federal Laws, presidential documents, administrative regulations and notices, and descriptions of federal organizations, programs and activities. While the majority of Federal Register staff are working remotely, a very small crew remains on site in the GPO Building to receive documents from agencies, the White House and Congress. 

Despite the disruption, the Federal Register with GPO has published over 1,100 documents in 12 daily issues of the Federal Register, including emergency documents concerning the pandemic from CDC, HHS, FDA, and DHS and other agencies. You may view the significant pandemic-related documents published on the Federal Register website.

The online version of the Code of Federal Regulations is up to date, and the Federal Register team is working with its GPO partners to minimize the effect of the operating constraints on the next update to the hardbound editions.

As a measure to enable more flexible work, the Federal Register added nine additional agencies to the digital submission program and began accepting digitally signed documents from them. This brings the total number of agencies using the digital portal to 205 – accounting for 85 percent of the documents filed in the last two weeks.  

Congressional Records 
Another mission critical service is providing emergency records loan services to the U.S. Congress. NARA’s Center for Legislative Archives serves as the repository and custodial unit for the official records of the House of Representatives and Senate. Congressional holdings span the history of the nation under the Constitution, beginning in 1789 and running through recent congresses, and document the history of representative government at the Federal level.

Although the records of the most recent congresses are closed to public access under House and Senate access rules, they are subject to the recall of congressional committee chairs, and their designated representatives, to support the current business of Congress. These requests for records are sent to the House and Senate Archivists, who forward the requests to the Center for processing. Under normal operating conditions, Center staff locate and pull the relevant records, prepare the associated paperwork and data entries, and deliver the records to the Hill, where they are accepted and signed for by authorized staff. Typically, the Center sends between one to two million pages of textual records and electronic records back to committees each year.  

Under emergency situations such as the current pandemic, designated Center staff currently teleworking are called in to process and deliver the loans. Although the number of emergency loan requests is often limited, the value of the service during a crisis is crucial to the work of Congress and the national interest.


National Archives Building, Constitution Avenue, March 22, 2020. Photo by Richard Schneider

This is an unprecedented and very difficult time for everyone. I am grateful to our staff for their continued dedication and commitment to serve the American people and our nation.

The Inventor and the Virtuoso Reunite: Léon Theremin and Clara Rockmore on WQXR

Headline announcing RCA’s production of the theremin; Courier-Post, Camden, NJ, 23 September 1929.
(NYPR Archive Collections)

This year marks the one-hundredth anniversary of the invention of the theremin, the world’s first electronic musical instrument. Still in production today, the theremin’s original release set off a revolution in music making, giving rise to a whole family of new, influential 20th century instruments, including the Moog synthesizer and the Hammond organ.

Léon Theremin; 3 May 1928.
(Genthe photograph collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.)

With its ethereal sound, and the almost magical non-contact method of playing it, the theremin quickly captured the attention of European audiences as its 24-year-old inventor, Russian engineer and physicist Léon Theremin, toured the continent debuting his new instrument in demonstrations and recitals.  In 1928, Theremin obtained patent protection for his invention and licensed the technology to the Radio-Victor Corporation of America (RCA), which began manufacturing the instrument in 1929.  Over the course of the century, the theremin gained a passionate, world-wide following among both amateur and professional players, as well as composers – notably Bohuslav Martinů, Percy Grainger, Dmitri Shostakovich, Miklós Rózsa, Elmer Bernstein, Anis Fuleihan, and Bernard Herrmann.

Clara Rockmore and Lev Sergeyevich Termen (Léon Theremin) in NYC, c. 1929.
(Photo: © courtesy of the Nadia Reisenberg-Clara Rockmore Foundation)

After a 50-year absence, Léon Theremin returned to the United States in the summer of 1991.  As part of that trip, on January 4th, 1992, 95-year-old Theremin was an in-studio guest on WQXR’s The Listening Room with Robert Sherman.  Joining Professor Theremin on the broadcast was his dear friend, and the best-known and the most accomplished player of the instrument: Clara Rockmore. With host Robert Sherman (who also happens to be Mrs. Rockmore’s nephew) the inventor and the virtuoso discussed their earliest collaborations in the 1920s —including their first meeting in New York, Rockmore’s influence on the technical evolution of the instrument, and their last meeting in Russia: a brief, surreptitious 1962 reunion on a Moscow subway platform, the location chosen to avoid being overheard by Soviet authorities.

The interview includes two brief musical excerpts from a 1977 studio recording that thereminist Clara Rockmore made with her sister, the celebrated pianist Nadia Reisenberg; also included is the rebroadcast of a complete performance of Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Song of Grusia, which was recorded before a studio audience at WQXR on January 26th, 1979, with Clara Rockmore, Nadia Reisenberg, and the violinist Erick Friedman.

Clara Rockmore and Lev Sergeyevich Termen (Léon Theremin) reunited in NYC, October 6, 1991.
(Photo: © Steve J. Sherman)

                                                    *       *       *

Two of the musical selections presented in this archival broadcast recording, available in the media player at the top of this page, have been edited down to brief excerpts to respect copyright protection of the holder; the interview is presented in its entirety.

                                                   

Related links:

Romeo Records recently released Music and Memories, a set of rare and never before available recordings of Clara Rockmore; it is available for streaming and as a two-cd boxed set.  More information is available at Romeo Records, the Nadia Reisenberg-Clara Rockmore Foundation website and in the foundation’s March 2020 Newsletter.

 

From the New York Public Radio Archive:

The Listening Room: January 4th, 1992 episode

Fishko Files: Theremin

The Leonard Lopate Show: Getting to know the Theremin

Studio 360: Theremin 101 

The photo at the top of this article is of Clara Rockmore at the theremin in 1932. (Photo: © Renato Toppo, courtesy of the Nadia Reisenberg-Clara Rockmore Foundation)

 

 

Art Collection awarded Festivals Fund Grant


A Northern Gannet dives into the dark waters of the north sea off the cliffs of Noss, Shetland. Kieran Dodds

The Art Collection has been awarded a grant from Museums Galleries Scotland to hold an Environmental Festival highlighting our Under Threat exhibitions and events.

The open day will bring these themes together with music, words and other activities. The day will include public tours of the Under Threat exhibitions which are currently on display within our Pathfoot Gallery, and Danni Thompson, photographer and seabird ecologist, will talk about her exhibition ‘On the Edge’. There will also be the launch of the ‘Pathfoot project’ which is a publication created by students on the MLitt in Creative writing at the University of Stirling. The students have created written works inspired by the Art Collection’s current exhibitions and the event will include a public reading of works from the publication. This will be followed by a musical performance by the Edinburgh Quartet (University Musicians in Residence) and students from the Conservatoire who have composed works inspired by the Under Threat exhibitions. Throughout the event, there will be the opportunity for visitors to go to stalls run by environmental charities and organisations and learn about the work they have been doing in the local community, and the Conservation volunteers will hold children’s workshops and an open garden session in the Pathfoot Garden. In addition, Stirling Active Travel Hub will be in attendance and will bring electric bikes and cargo bikes for visitors to trial.

This event was due to take place on 13th June but has now been rescheduled to 20th September 2020. Further information to follow soon.

A Message to the Archival Community

The National Archives and Records Administration exists to provide access to the records that document the history of the United States. However, sometimes history happens around us and forces us to change the way we approach our work, at least for the time being. All of us are living through a historic crisis as we adapt to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We at the National Archives are keenly aware of the uncertainty faced by our staff and our colleagues in the archival community and cultural and educational organizations. Institutions and individuals are facing unprecedented challenges in an effort to continue their regular operations.

This isn’t easy for any of us. We stand with all of you in our efforts to protect the health and welfare of our families, staff and organization members, archivists, researchers, educators, and other stakeholders. We are also doing our best to continue services you rely on in a highly fluid and challenging environment. Like other institutions and businesses, the National Archives has closed all public spaces and cancelled all events and programs until further notice. As of March 23, all National Archives buildings are closed to staff as well except for those performing emergency functions. National Archives staff are teleworking to the greatest extent possible, which means that we are still operating and available to assist, although some of our capabilities are limited by current circumstances. 


A Bell System switchboard where overseas calls are handled. December 22,1943 National Archives Identifier 1633445

Importantly, many of our services are available online:

Where possible, we will also conduct public events and outreach activities online and through virtual meetings. We will regularly update the event calendar with current information. Follow the National Archives on Facebook (USNationalArchives) and Twitter (@USNatArchives) for our current status. Or share your thoughts here on my blog. 

We will continue to share updates about what we’re doing and the services we can provide as the spring progresses and circumstances change. We send our best wishes for your continued good health and wellbeing and that of your communities during this unprecedented time.

Tinseltown, Talkies, and the Celluloid Frontier

In 1915 Francis X. Bushman made the great migration to Hollywood to do what many established theater actors did at that time: slum it in that little backwater of a West Coast town (part of Los Angeles since 1910) to make some serious cash. Upon his arrival, Bushman —who would go on to become one of the first bona fide movie stars and an accomplished film director in his own right— was introduced around one of the studios to get a feel for the process. One of the first stops on this introductory tour was the set of none other than the great Cecil B. DeMille, where Bushman arrived to see a giant swimming pool filled with crystal clear water and a gaggle of nude actresses frolicking within. Above the pool an array of lights and a motion picture camera had been rigged to catch the action, and DeMille enthusiastically informed Bushman that the goal was to film the actresses in a way that only their backs could be seen as they swam, creating a tasteful yet tantalizing spectacle of grace and beauty.

Advertisement, Moving Picture World, May 1919 for the film For Better, for Worse (1919).
(Paramount Pictures/Internet Archive)

Now, from a modern perspective, there are a number of reasons why this is a bad idea, not least of which is the potentially tragic and gruesome demise that might befall those poor women should one of those high-voltage lights come loose from its moorings. However, as Bushman was later informed by a crestfallen DeMille, the lesson learned that day was the folly in trying to film a reflective surface. (Think of what happens when you take a picture of a mirror). Instead of capturing in celluloid an image of ethereal beauty as tastefully nude nymphs frolicked in the clear water, all he recorded was a few hours of his own camera and lights looking back at him. It seems insane to think that a professional Hollywood director wouldn’t understand that you can’t point a camera directly at a mirror-like surface, but it makes sense when you think about the moment in context: it was 1915 and no one had ever tried that before. We can imagine DeMille smacking himself in the forehead as soon as he saw the developed footage and thinking, “You idiot, of course!” (Click on the audio player above for a snippet of this delightful anecdote.)

Myrna Loy is a host for Memoirs of the Movies.
(Publicity photo by George Hurrell/Wikimedia Commons)

This is just one of the many colorful and informative tales recounted in Memoirs of the Movies, a radio program from the early sixties that featured prerecorded interviews with Hollywood greats, from the silent era all the way through the golden age of Hollywood and beyond. The list of legends who lend their considerable experience and flair to this program is awe-inspiring. It includes Buster Keaton, Dorothy Lamour, Gene Kelly, Arthur Freed, Paul Newman, Ben Hecht, Adolph Zukor, King Vidor, David O’Selznick, Basil Rathbone, Myrna Loy, Harold Lloyd, Cecil B. DeMille, Otto Preminger, Joseph L. Mankiewicz, and many, many others. This collection of shows is a veritable treasure trove of film history, and some of the stories related here appear to exist nowhere else. What’s more, those involved in the program are actors and film directors, old-school producers, writers and musicians —in other words, professional storytellers with huge personalities and an immense talent for spinning a good yarn. And, boy, do they bring it! Jack Lemmon recounts his first meeting with Harry Cohn. Ben Hecht recalls the undeserved credit he received for the innovative camera movements of Lee Garmes in Angels Over Broadway (1940). Cecil B. DeMille recounts going to California to shoot 1914’s The Squaw Man and —because he needed a locale with desert and prairie— renting an old barn on Vine Street that would later become the first Hollywood studio. Reginald Denham tells a hilarious story about legendary film producer Sir Alexander Korda and the insanely convoluted process of writing a script and getting it into production.

Motion Picture Production Code (Hays Code), cover of a paper copy.
(Internet Archives)

Throughout it all there’s a certain polite reserve to the series indicative of the era in which it aired and frequently absent from contemporary media. The ability to tell a good story, juicy bits and all, while being mindful of the censors and the public tastes was a skill developed early by the Hollywood set due to the rigors imposed by the Hayes Code and, later, the MPAA. It lends the proceedings a measure of class and old-school cool both charming and sophisticated, and makes the whole collection feel warm and inviting. These assets are true treasures and we at the WNYC Archives hope you enjoy them as much as we’ve enjoyed bringing them to you.

The Cinema Sound collection in the New York Public Radio Archives has several documents and letters related to Memoirs of the Movies that constitute a small treasure in and of themselves. Some of the letters and signatures on these documents are a film buff’s dream find; we’ve included two below. Also, there are a few episodes we’re missing: episode #17 The New Hollywood and episode #18 The Rusk to Reality. If anyone has heard them or has copies, please let us know here at the WNYC Archives —we’d love to hear them.

A letter from Lucille Ball for the Memoirs of the Movies project.
(NYPR Archives/NYPR Archives)

 

A letter from Cecil B. DeMille for the Memoirs of the Movies project.
(NYPR Archives/NYPR Archives)

 

 

FY2020 NDAA Requires Pentagon Report on Declassification Backlog

The Fiscal Year 2020 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) requires the Secretary of Defense to submit an unclassified “report on reducing the backlog in legally required historical declassification obligations of the Department of Defense” to the Armed Services Committees of the House and the Senate (P.L. 116-92, Sec. 1759). The report is due to these committees on April 18, 2020 – 120 days after enactment of the NDAA.  The Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB) wholeheartedly support the actions called for in the NDAA.

The FY 2020 NDAA specifically requires that the report include the Department of Defense’s (DOD) plans to reduce backlogs in “legally mandated historical declassification,” and increase productivity. The NDAA recognizes the importance of DOD adopting use of advanced technology, including Artificial Intelligence (AI) and other Machine Learning technologies. It requires the Secretary of Defense to include a plan for DOD to adopt and implement technologies into declassification processes. The law also requires the Secretary of Defense to provide an assessment of records released for each of the past three years under 25- and 50-year automatic declassification review programs, and an estimate of how many records DOD will review and declassify in each of the next three years.

In addition to this report, Congress requires that the Secretary of Defense to provide a report on the “progress and objectives” of DOD in reviewing and declassifying records for publication in the Department of State’s Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series, and for public access at the National Archives and Records Administration  and the presidential libraries.

Each of these requirements in the NDAA embody recommendations of the PIDB. The PIDB has consistently advocated for the implementation of AI and other advanced technologies to improve declassification efficiency and effectiveness. First, use of these technologies are essential in reducing backlogs of records awaiting declassification review, and in ensuring consistency of declassification decisions. Second, current manual declassification processes are not sustainable nor desirable in handling the volume of digital data. The PIDB highlighted the need for advanced technologies in its 2016 Report to the President, The Importance of Technology in Classification and Declassification.

The NDAA included specific reporting requirements for DOD to describe its plan for assisting historians and the Department of State in publishing FRUS and assisting National Declassification Center in declassifying records accessioned to NARA and in the Presidential Libraries. These records are of historical interest and should be prioritized for declassification review. In 2014, the PIDB advocated for prioritizing the review of records of historical significance in its report to the President, Setting Priorities: An Essential Step in Transforming Declassification.

Submission of the Secretary of Defense’s report to Congress on the growing declassification challenges at DOD and DOD agencies directly affects the public and its ability to learn about our history and participate in the democratic process of holding Government officials accountable.  As the 120-day deadline approaches in mid-April, the members of the PIDB – and all stakeholders – will be interested to learn of the Secretary of Defense’s plans for modernizing its declassification policies and processes to include technology and his plans for prioritizing the declassification review for records sought for publication in the FRUS and held by the NARA and the presidential libraries.

The PIDB’s Transforming Classification blog and the Information Security Oversight’s new blog, The ISOO Overview, intends to post additional information about the contents of the Secretary of Defense’s report to Congress as it is made available to the public.

A History of Extracurricular Activities at Florida State College for Women

Considering how long students have been coming through the walls of our historic university, it goes without saying that we have a rich and varied history of extracurricular, student-run activities. At Florida State University, many of these long-standing traditions and activities were established during our time as an all women institution, between 1905 and 1947. Campus-wide extracurriculars were an extremely important part of student life during this time. Students felt taking part in events with peers built pride and appreciation for their alma mater. For this year’s Women’s History Month, we’ll be looking into the early years of recreation at Florida State College for Women (FSCW): how our peers of the past made friends, garnered school spirit, and just passed the time.

Two of the earliest student organizations were the Thalian Literary Society and the Minerva Club, founded and run by our female predecessors. These organizations were formed with the goal of “enabling the girls to speak more fluently in public,” but they did much more for the student body (Talisman, April 1906, Pg. 26). They were an expressive outlet for students and encourage peer-to-peer discourse and connection.


In 1906, just one year after our transition to a women’s college, the Thalian Society and Minerva Club began publishing the first college literary periodical in the state of Florida, The Talisman. (The Book Lover’s Guide to Florida, 1992) It served as a recreational avenue for students to express their thoughts and to learn about campus happenings. The Talisman went on to become the Florida Flambeau newspaper in 1915, still run entirely by women.


From the first five years of the establishment of FSCW, our women students were establishing recreational sports teams of all kinds. By 1906 our small campus had facilities for tennis, basketball, field-hockey, croquet, a swimming pool, and a full gymnasium! (Talisman, April 1906, Pg. 30)



Student organizations are a crucial part of university life and this has been the case at our university for over 100 years! The 1910 and 1911 yearbooks from FSCW show us that students were forming all sorts of clubs for a wide variety of interests and commonalities…



Scrapbooking was an extremely common practice between students at Florida State College for Women. Here at Heritage & University Archives, we have over 30 of these student-made scrapbooks and they give us endless insight as to how they chose to spend their free time.

Scrapbook
From the Julia Pelot Scrapbook

Many of these records are available online at DigiNole. For more information about our University related collections, please contact Sandra Varry, the Heritage & University Archivist.

Help us to document coronavirus

As this pandemic unfolds, our daily lives have been and will continue to be affected by unprecedented decisions, restrictions and realities. As archivists we started to ask ourselves this week – ‘How will we document this? What can we gather to preserve the reality of this period for the future?’ and we have taken inspiration from our colleagues at Glasgow City Archives and decided to ask for your help.

We’re encouraging residents in the NHS Forth Valley area to keep a daily diary documenting your experiences with coronavirus so that we can preserve the many varied experiences that we are all going through for future generations.

Entries can be as long or as short and as detailed as you would like to make them. You could add drawings and creative writing or keep it to prose. Document how you feel, what your routine is like, what you’re doing with your days, how the situation is affecting you and the people you care about. No detail is too small to record if you feel comfortable doing so, from what you ate for breakfast to what Netflix show or book is seeing you through.


Peter Mackay doesn’t have loads of say about Christmas 1977!

We want to use these to show the whole range of experiences unfolding during this time so you could encourage your children to keep a diary, your parents, and grandparents. We’d love for everyone to have a chance to contribute to this collective account and for it to be as representative of the region as it can be.

Once our lives become a bit more normal, we will post details of how to get your diaries to us. Once they arrive, they will form a part of our NHS Forth Valley collection and be made available to researchers and archive users of the future. Though we will always treat personal information with sensitivity and may, therefore, restrict the public use of your diary for an extended period of time, it is also your choice should you wish to remain anonymous. Whether or not you would like to remain anonymous is perhaps something you would like to consider before you begin writing your diary.

We will accept hand written or electronic diaries, whichever you prefer to keep. We hope that this process might also provide you with a therapeutic way to spend some time and so it is for you, as well as for us. Please don’t worry about what we would like you to be recording, record what life is like for you and, ultimately, the things that are making up your days and you cannot go wrong.


Norman McLaren was often one for a doodle

If you have any questions about the project, email us at archives@stir.ac.uk

object of the week

While the Pathfoot Building is closed, the Art Collection will each week focus on an object of interest. You can also search our entire collection online here.

Pathfoot Building
Architect: John Richards
1967

Our first object of the week is the jewel in the crown of the Art Collection – the Pathfoot Building itself. Constructed in 1967, it was the first to be completed on the new campus and is now a listed building. 

This is how David Baxandallat the time the Director of the National Galleries of Scotland, began his review of the first building to be constructed on the University of Stirling campus:

[The Pathfoot Building] is probably the most beautiful, the most civilized, the most sensitive and intelligent piece of large scale modern architecture and planning that has been achieved in Scotland. The architect is John Richards, of the firm Robert Matthew, Johnson Marshall and partners and he’s done wonders.

He was speaking on a Radio 4 programme called Arts Review, transmitted on Thursday 8 January 1970, and continued:

It is well outside the town, on a sloping site facing south. As you approach, you see a series of very long low buildings stepped down the hillside on terraces. The emphasis is all in horizontals, and the relation of the buildings to landscape is one of great courtesy.
When you go inside it’s equally successful. It is very humane… Everything seems designed and scaled for the human individuals who use it whether to delight their eyes or to serve their needs. There are pictures or pieces of sculpture all over the place, many of them borrowed and frequently changed. Every now and then you look out on to small grassed and flagged courts between the buildings, rather like Japanese gardens. There is something to raise your spirits on every side.

Even though the Pathfoot Building has been altered and extended over the years, the spirit of the original design remains, and is appreciated by those who visit, study and work there. Alongside the offices and lecture theatres, Pathfoot is a public art space, displaying the University’s permanent art collection as well as a series of temporary exhibitions in its main concourse and corridors, the large Crush Hall and some of its seventeen courtyards.


‘Hanging Mobile’ by Ally Wallace (Artist in Residence in the Pathfoot Building, 2016-17)
The rectangular forms in this mobile are based on the proportions of Pathfoot’s concrete fascia panels, and their floating, constantly changing positions refer to the buildings lightweight, flexible design.

Click here to watch ‘Corridor of Dreams’, a 2013 film which celebrates works of art in the collection through the eyes of the artists who made them, and the people who pass them on a daily basis in the Pathfoot Building.


View of Pathfoot courtyard in the 1960s, with Figure (Archaean) by Barbara Hepworth (Bronze, 1959)

Florida Home Economics Association Scrapbooks

With our work on extension service scrapbooks with the Havana History and Heritage Society for Gadsden County, we took a look at our own collections and found Leon County scrapbooks for a similar period on our own shelves! The Florida Home Economics Association Records holds scrapbooks which are mostly Leon County extension service records from 1923-1966. The collection also holds the administrative records of the Association and Florida State College for Women (FSU’s predecessor) was an integral part of the instruction branch of the association.

Digitization of scrapbooks is always a challenge. The scrapbooks were dis-bound before being brought up to our studio for digitization. Dis-binding scrapbooks such as these and other similar material allows us to capture higher quality images of individual pages faster than if they were left in their original, bound state. From a preservation standpoint, this also reduces the amount of potential wear-and-tear on older items such as these can sustain during the digitization process. 

Since we digitized the material as individual pages instead of bound scrapbooks, we relied primarily on our overhead camera setup to complete this project. This setup utilizes an IQ180 reprographic camera system and Capture One Cultural Heritage software to create high quality, high resolution images. We digitized all material in this collection as 400 PPI (pixels per inch) TIFF images as recommended by our FSUDL Imaging Guidelines document. 

ScrapbookIQ180_01.jpg
Capturing high resolution images of individual pages using our IQ180 system

Being a tethered system, all images are automatically and instantly transferred from the camera to the computer where the Capture One software handles basic editing of the images including color correction, cropping, file naming, and exporting the final images to our internal server before being loaded into the FSU Digital Library

The Cultural Heritage version of Capture One allows us to increase the rate of image processing by providing helpful features such as auto-cropping and advanced white balance adjustments. The software also acts as a file management tool and allows us to batch-edit and export the images we’ve digitized. We use this to apply the same color and exposure settings to all pages of an item at once instead of performing the edits one-by-one on individual pages, which would take much longer to complete.  

CaptureOneCH_Screenshot.png
Screenshot of Capture One CH software showing batch editing features

The scrapbooks, once they were digitized and images ready for the digital library, were loaded into the FSU Digital Library. Please enjoy browsing these materials and the fascinating glimpse they offer into the work of the extension services in Leon County over several decades.

The Public Interest Declassification Board Remains Active During the COVID-19 National Emergency

The Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB) members and staff remain active preparing for an in-person meeting to be scheduled as circumstances allow under the current COVID-19 national emergency.  In addition to supporting PIDB members in scheduling the in-person meeting, PIDB staff will continue to publish here on Transforming Classification, and remain responsive to questions and input from the public and stakeholders in the PIDB community of interest.  We welcome your comments to on Transforming Classification, and look forward to better days, as we work together with you in expanding the conversation in the public interest about improving classification and declassification across the Federal Government.

culture on campus online

Following advice issued by the Scottish Government on steps
to be taken to slow the spread of COVID-19 the University of Stirling Art
Collection and our Archives reading room are
closed to the public until further notice. However, we aim to continue to
provide access to our fantastic collections throughout this difficult period.

Over the coming months we will be taking our collections online, adding content to our new Culture on Campus website and sharing highlights via social media with #CultureOnStirCampus

In April we will be taking part in #Archive30 a promotional campaign on twitter organised by the Archives and Records Association. Like many other services across the country we will be taking up the challenge of tweeting all 30 daily topics throughout the month!

We will be highlighting some of the treasures of our Art Collection through interviews with the curators, films from exhibiting artists and a featured ‘object of the week.’

Where possible we will also endeavour to respond to your
research enquiries.

We will also be adding newly digitised content from our collections to our new website at https://collections.stir.ac.uk/

We hope our collections can provide a source of information,
education, inspiration and amusement during these uncertain times. Look out for
updates on social media and on our Culture on Campus blog

University of Stirling Art Collection

University of Stirling Archives

Archives in the Time of COVID-19

Hello, loyal blog readers. We wish that, right now, we were posting under normal circumstances to impendingly welcome you back into our newly-renovated library and enthusing about a soon-to-open exhibition, but alas, that’s not the case given the current COVID-19 situation in the U.S. However, we do have an update on library services and Special Collections access during our closure, as well as some information about where we left off our reopening preparations (with photos near the bottom of this post):

First, as you likely know, Providence Public Library has wisely postponed the date when we will re-open to the public; if you didn’t receive the library’s email announcement, you can find it here. You can also check our website for updates about virtual library services and announcements about our rescheduled opening. (To answer your most pressing questions: no, you don’t need to return your books right now, nor will they incur overdue fines until we re-open; and yes, you can apply for a temporary library card online if you don’t have one and want to access the library’s e-books and other digital services.)

Second, all members of our Special Collections staff are currently working from home. That means that we’re available by email but not by phone, and we don’t have access to our physical collections at the moment. We do have a number of virtual services available:

  • First, please avail yourselves of the plethora of images available through ProvLibDigital. They’re free to download, and could make great additions to online curricula, research projects, or creative projects.
  • We can offer some virtual instruction or reference services: do you want us to offer an online session for your class on how to do primary source research? Have questions about your genealogy research? Need some ideas for your history class? Please get in touch; we’d love to work with you.
  • We’re working to put together additional resources that will be available through our website, such as subject guides to common research topics, ideas for teachers and professors to integrate primary sources and historical materials into their virtual curricula, and information about preserving family history. Stay tuned!

Now, for some pictures and construction/ exhibit updates:

Up until mid-March, we were frantically preparing for the library’s grand re-opening. While construction continued outside our new office doors, we received new furniture for our Special Collections Reading Room, including a bank of lockers for researchers’ personal belongings, new tables and chairs, and an official-looking desk for the librarian monitoring the room. We don’t have pictures to share just yet, so you can act very surprised when you finally sit in our new chairs.

We also got VERY exciting new cases for our VERY exciting new exhibition gallery. The cases were manufactured in Germany and journeyed across the Atlantic on a cargo ship. They arrived via delivery truck on a rainy day in wooden packing crates, having crossed the miles relatively unscathed.




(Don’t worry, we got a replacement for this single broken glass shelf.)

Look at the cool Drop (N) Tell Impact Indicator on the side of the shipping crate that tattles on laissez-faire crate handlers:

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Here are a few of the cases set up in the new gallery:

Exhibit gallery

In early March, we started building custom book supports for our annual exhibition and program series. Here are some poorly-lit pictures of Angela doing math, and of freshly-made supports inside our new cases.


We’re still planning to have the exhibit completed whenever the library re-opens to the public; in the meantime, keep an eye here and on our other social media for posts highlighting Special Collections materials, and even a few exhibit sneak-peeks.

We sincerely hope you’re all staying safe and healthy and feeling supported and connected to one another.

Diane Wolkstein and Stories From Many Lands

Early program flier for Stories from Many Lands.
(Courtesy of Diane Wolkstein/WNYC Archive Collections)

 

Storyteller, author, and folklorist Diane Wolkstein (1942-2013) produced and hosted Stories From Many Lands. Sponsored by the New York City Parks Department, the Saturday morning children’s program aired from 1968-1980. 

 

Wolkstein’s career as the Parks Department’s first full-time storyteller began in 1967. The intrepid tale spinner visited ten city parks five days a week with props and a full range of folktales, fairy tales, legends, and epics from all over the world. Her captive audiences ranged in age from infants to the very elderly.

By 1971, the city’s fiscal crisis was felt at every level of public service, and the municipal bean counters put an end to her $40 per week salary as New York City’s official storyteller. Instead, they bestowed upon her the honorary lifetime title of New York City’s Storyteller, without pay. The ever passionate Wolkstein, known for her range of performance, became a leading figure in the American national storytelling revival and was reportedly called “one of the greatest storytellers in the Western world” by the myth and story scholar Joseph Campbell

Diane Wolkstein at WNYC in the 1970s.
(Courtesy of Diane Wolkstein/WNYC Archive Collections)

Wolkstein continued with her show on WNYC and, over the years, authored twenty-two books and released more than 10 audio collections and three videos. Wolkstein’s volumes included creation myths, legends, and folktales she collected on trips to Haiti, Asia, and Africa. She later teamed up with Samuel Noah Kramer, a scholar of Assyrian civilization, to translate and retell Inanna, Queen of Heaven and Earth, an ancient tale of the Sumerian goddess of fertility, love, and war. Her titles include The Magic Orange Tree and Other Haitian Folktales, The Glass Mountain, The Banza and First Love Stories.  

In 1980, Wolkstein, along with storytellers Gioia Timpanelli and Laura Simms, co-founded The New York City Storytelling Center which held monthly workshops for seasoned storytellers, novice tellers, and interested beginners. The Center trained an untold number of storytellers and sent them to schools, libraries, and the weekly storytelling at the Hans Christian Andersen statue by the boat pond in Central Park near Fifth Avenue at 72nd Street. Wolkstein was the director of the storytelling program at the Hans Christian Andersen statue from 1971-2012. Several generations of children, including Wolkstein’s daughter, Rachel Zucker, grew up on the summer Saturday morning programs. Many of them brought their own children to listen to Wolkstein or “Grandma D” as she was called by her three adoring grandsons. The program continues today with families gathering in front of the statue of Hans Christian Andersen every Saturday, June through September at 11 a.m. 

Diane Wolkstein was born in Newark, New Jersey, and grew up in Maplewood, New Jersey. She received a bachelor’s degree from Smith College and a master’s degree in education from Bank Street College of Education. While living in Paris, she studied mime with Étienne Decroux. She was a long time resident of Greenwich Village and passed away at the age of 70 while working in Taiwan on translating and retelling the epic Journey to the West. 

In a 1992 interview with the Daily News Wolkstein told columnist Clem Richardson, “Each time I tell a story that I love, I appreciate it in a different way.” She added, though, “If it doesn’t move you, it won’t move anyone else when you tell it. You’re really sharing your heart, exchanging love with your listeners.” Wolkstein not only told her tales, she lived their values. She was an activist for issues both local -transforming the Jefferson Library parking lot into a garden- and international as a staunch human rights and anti-racist activist. 

To learn more about Diane Wolkstein’s work and legacy please visit or contact the Library of Congress, which houses the Diane Wolkstein Collection of photographs, recordings, galleys, and correspondence. To request permission to reprint Wolkstein’s work or for questions about her literary estate, contact her daughter, Rachel Zucker.  

Listen now to Diane Wolkstein performing stories from her collection, The Magic Orange Tree and Other Haitian Folktales.

In this broadcast Diane Wolkstein joins with Shirley Keller to tell three Native American stories; The Squirrel’s Song, Shingebliss and Sunflower H.

Special thanks to Rachel Zucker for her assistance and permission to post these broadcasts and to Melissa Heckler for her help with fact checking.

1972 program flier for Stories From Many Lands
(Flier courtesy of Diane Wolkstein/WNYC Archive Collections)

 

Astrological Healing from the Seventeenth Century

An herbal is a book containing the names and descriptions of various plants, and usually contains the effects that were associated with each one. Effects could range from a plant’s toxicity to its magical power. In the 15th century, it was common practice to publish medical journals in Latin, which was only accessible to those with wealth or nobility. In 1652, Nicholas Culpeper published one of his most notable works, The English Physician, in English, allowing those who did not read Latin to be able to practice medicine. 

Culpeper’s herbal was groundbreaking for its combination of the “doctrine of signatures” with astrology. The doctrine of signatures was the idea that plants and herbs that looked like human body parts would help heal ailments that stemmed from that part. Combining this practice with astrology formed what is known as astrological herbalism. Astrological herbalists connected herbs to different signs of the zodiac. They treated specific ailments by determining what sign and planet ruled over the part of the body that needed care, and then prescribing an herb of the same astrological sign.


Culpeper’s British herbal ; and, Complete English family physician. (1802)

Culpeper’s earlier works mainly relied on written descriptions of the plants to be able to identify them. As he progressed, his herbals included more images and color, illustrating them with etchings that are then colored in with watercolors, such as the 1802 edition of his British Herbal.

The heart and blood, for example, are ruled by Leo, which is ruled by the sun, so for ailments such as anemia, the patient would be prescribed “centaury,” or centaurium erythraea. Issues like anxiety are ruled by Mercury, and depending upon your astrological sign you might be prescribed lavender as a treatment. The process goes more in depth depending on your sign and other planetary factors.

While we cannot recommend depending upon Culpeper’s prescribed treatments — medicine has come a long way in 400 years — it is fun to see what herbal applications he found for a variety of ailments. FSU Libraries Special Collections and Archives possesses seven editions of The English Physician, from the 1652 first edition up to one from 1932. Fortunately, three editions have been digitized and are available for your perusal from home!

Culpeper’s English Physician and complete herbal. (1798)

Culpeper’s British herbal; and, Complete English family physician. (1802)

Culpeper’s Complete herbal. (1817)