L’incontro di Bologna organizzato dalla Associazione Orlando (Narrare e rappresentare una storia, femminismo e femministe in Italia negli anni Settanta…)

Molto, molto interessante. La mia non può essere una cronaca, e mi sono pentita di aver preso appunti così disordinati e sommari (cercavo di seguire il più possibile…). Possiamo solo affidarci alla registrazione puntualmente effettuata dal Serverdonne e sperare che … Continua a leggere

Merging Time returns to the City of Vancouver Archives’ gallery

The newest Merging Time exhibit is now on display in the City of Vancouver Archives’ gallery. Since its initial showing at the Archives three years ago, this annual photography exhibit has become an attraction for both historians and photographers alike. This year, the exhibit features 16 new digital interpretations of our scanned archival photographs.

The creators of this year’s Merging Time show: Langara’s Professional Photo-Imaging Class of 2015.

The creators of this year’s Merging Time show: Langara’s Professional Photo-Imaging Class of 2015.

Every year, students in Darren Bernaerdt’s Principles of Imaging Processing course (PHOTO 1248) are assigned to visit the Archives to find historical photographs of Vancouver. After determining the exact location and perspective of each selected photograph, they travel to the original site to replicate the photographs with a digital SLR camera. This year’s students chose a selection of street scenes of downtown Vancouver from the 1890s to 1940s.

Archival photograph selected by Michelle MacDonald for the Merging Time assignment. Granville Street looking north from Robson Street, 1900s. Reference code: AM54-S4-: Str P32.

Archival photograph selected by Michelle MacDonald for the Merging Time assignment. Granville Street looking north from Robson Street, 1900s. Reference code: AM54-S4-: Str P32.

It goes without saying that the historical scenes are very difficult to replicate. More often than not, the original images were photographed from vantage points that are no longer accessible due to relocation of sidewalks or the construction of new buildings that obstruct views.

Digital composite by Michelle MacDonald, 1900s/2014. Granville Street looking north from Robson Street, incorporating City of Vancouver Archives image AM54-S4-: Str P32.

Digital composite by Michelle MacDonald, 1900s/2014. Granville Street looking north from Robson Street, incorporating City of Vancouver Archives image AM54-S4-: Str P32.

Nonetheless, the obstacles are overcome by using digital imaging techniques. Students edit the photos on the computer by skewing, distorting, and twisting the images to replicate the focal length and angle of the original archival photograph. Students then mask and retouch the old and new photographs, merging past and present elements into a seamless digital composite, contrasting old and new.

Archival photograph selected by Warin Rychkun for the Merging Time assignment. View of Pender Street east of Cambie Street, showing the Sun Tower, 1927s. Reference code: AM54-S4-: Str N164.

Archival photograph selected by Warin Rychkun for the Merging Time assignment. View of Pender Street east of Cambie Street, showing the Sun Tower, 1927s. Reference code: AM54-S4-: Str N164.

Upon viewing these photographs, one notices immediately the buildings and structures that still stand today. Looking closer, the photographs reveal elements that no longer exist. Formal attire, street cars, horse drawn carriages, and old fashioned street fixtures are things of the past, but these heritage buildings provide us with anchors to that era. These photographs bring to life what Vancouver used to be, and remind us of the city’s rich heritage, history and growth.

Digital composite by Warin Rychkun, 1927/2014. View of Pender Street east of Cambie Street, showing the Sun Tower, incorporating City of Vancouver Archives image AM54-S4-: Str N164.

Digital composite by Warin Rychkun, 1927/2014. View of Pender Street east of Cambie Street, showing the Sun Tower, incorporating City of Vancouver Archives image AM54-S4-: Str N164.

Merging Time will be on display weekdays from 9 AM to 5 PM at the City of Vancouver Archives’ gallery until February 27th, 2015.

The 20-Minute Macbeth

Beginning in the late 1960s, after attending Yale on the G.I. Bill and struggling with a career as a playwright, Dr. Hugh Morgan Hill developed the idiosyncratic storytelling persona of Brother Blue. Usually dressed head to toe in blue, with blue-tinted glasses, and covered in hand-drawn blue butterflies, Hill was a transfixing figure on the streets of Boston.  One could frequently hear him re-telling Shakespeare’s plays, his own personal stories, and folk tales from Africa and Asia to any passer by that would listen. 

In this audio, from WNYC’s 1979 storytelling festival, listen to Hill distill the essence of Macbeth in 20 minutes, all the while employing a steady drum beat and interstitial blues harmonica riffs. When the three witches tell Macbeth that he is destined to be king, Brother Blue’s Macbeth explains, ”That must be jive, cause King Duncan is alive!” 

Retirement of Miriam Nisbet, Director of OGIS

On behalf of the members of the Public Interest Declassification Board, I would like to congratulate Miriam Nisbet on the eve of her retirement from Federal  service.  Throughout her Federal career, she served with distinction as a tireless advocate for transparency and access to government records.  We first met Ms. Nisbet in her role as the first Director of the Office of Government Information Services (OGIS).  We were impressed with her vision of OGIS as the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) ombudsman to provide mediation services to resolve disputes between FOIA requesters and Executive branch agencies.  Those familiar with open government and transparency advocacy regard Ms. Nisbet as a trusted advocate for the proper administration of FOIA, as Archivist of the United States, David Ferriero noted in his announcement Ms. Nisbet’s retirement.

I want to thank Ms. Nisbet personally for her support of our work to develop recommendations to modernize and transform the security classification system.  Many similar challenges exist that impede the declassification process and the administration of the FOIA at agencies, and we are grateful to Ms. Nisbet and the staff at OGIS for recognizing that limiting secrecy to the minimum necessary for the national security assists both the agencies and the public in their efforts to access and manage government information.

The members join me in thanking her for her wise counsel and her work to increase transparency and access to government records.  We wish her all the best in her retirement.

The egg came first: Sara Press artist books

Just yesterday in the Archives Reading Room a student was looking over an artist book from our collection that caught my eye.  It is accurate to say that any book that comes in its very own egg casing typically does catch my eye.

IMG_1733The book is Evolve/Unroll by book artist Sara Press, published in 2012 by her imprint Deeply Game Publications.

IMG_1736 The publisher’s website describes Evolve/Unroll:a snake that unrolls out of a felt egg, considers a recent evolutionary theory…Snake Detection Theory…which proposes that humans and certain other primates developed our excellent vision and intelligence due largely to co-evolution with snakes.”

IMG_1737Perhaps needless to say, the egg book got me curious about Sara Press’s other publications, four of which we own in the Archives & Special Collections.

 The Wolf-Girl of Midnapore was published in 2010 and is based on a true story of a feral child from 1920s India as found in the diaries of the Reverend J.A.L. Singh, a missionary to an orphanage in Bengal, India.
This book features letterpress on handmade paper and 6 original intaglio/aquatint etching prints interleaved with decorative block printed Indian papers.  The Wolf-Girl of Midnapore is an edition of 15 and bound by the artist in red and multicolor silk.



20 Short Poems by Zoologists, published in 2005, is a collection of found poems discovered in the texts and field guides of zoologists’ and contains four letterpress illustrations of primates’ hands and feet.


Of 20 Short Poems by Zoologists, Deeply Game Publications writes “these excerpts of unintentionally poetic language are delicious both linguistically and in the unbelievable-yet true bizarreness of the creatures described.  The volume celebrates the poesy and affection inherent in the supposedly objective scientific eye.”


Reared from a Cub: A Selection of Incidents Involving Captive Wildcats is precisely what it sounds like.  This work includes hundreds of excerpts from news articles describing attacks by wildcats on their captors, be it zookeepers or pet owners.


From the publisher’s website: “This is an examination of humans’ persistence in trying to make decorations and pets out of big cats — creatures that persist in being wild.”


“This volume has a clear Plexiglas cover, reminiscent of display habitats in zoos. The text is printed on semitransparent vellum paper, and appears layered, cage-like, over images of the animals. The silk-screened ink drawings feature wild cats in ambiguous settings. Their illustrative presentation refers to their comfortable place in our decorative visual culture, while currents of scarlet color running through the ink suggest otherwise.”


The Sensitive and Vegetable Souls: A Bestiary, published in 2001, is the earliest Sara Press work we have in the Archives & Special Collections.  This is an edition of 30 with each volume containing unique ephemera and hand annotations.


“This Bestiary is a genealogical palimpsest from a parallel universe, with the construction of an antique tintype album. Twenty C-print photographs depicting “beasts”, set in die-cut windows, are bound into a corkskin cover, with a sterling silver closure sculpted especially for the project.” IMG_1766“Biographies of the beasts and their intergenerational history are annotated by fountain pen, typewriter, and silkscreen, and elaborated with inserted ephemera.”


Come check out Sara Press and other artists’ books in the Archives & Special Collections.

All quotes in this post are lifted from Sara Press’s Deeply Game Publications website.

An Autumn Update

I should apologise for how quiet this space has been lately! The beginning of the academic year has been particularly busy here in the Archives. We’ve been out in classrooms, delivering new archive workshops for primary schools. Over the next week or two, I’ll be giving an update on the sessions, the histories revealed, the collections used, as well as posting resources that may be of use to educators out there.

With the centenary of the First World War, schools across the country have been doing amazing projects: digging trenches in the playing field, rehearsing remembrance day plays, and going on field study trips to museums and war memorials to develop their understanding. We’ve been bringing archives into classrooms to investigate what life was like in 1914… how did the war affect men? women? conscientious objectors? children (from P.E. class to school dinners)?

Students practise military style drills in P.E. class C1914 Lilian Flora Best Archive Collection

Students practise military style drills in P.E. class C1914
Lilian Flora Best Archive Collection

Keep tuned into this space, but in the meantime, head over to London Metropolitan Archives’ First World War blog, ‘Emergency! London 1914’. We are this week’s guest blogger, opening up the archives to reveal the impact of the First World War on women teachers.

Maintaining Cultural Knowledge Through the Arts

This post is part of a series of blog posts related to the Autry’s Undisciplined Research Project. To learn more, read the introduction by David Burton, Senior Director of the Autry’s Institute for the Study of the American West.

In fact, most of the interviews in The Cante Sica Foundation’s Boarding School Stories archive reveal that although children learned tribal artistic practices at home, they were discouraged from practicing these customs at school. By studying primary and secondary sources in the Autry collections, I discovered that art programs were created at a small percentage of boarding schools in the early 1900s. At home, students learned traditional skills directly from their elders, but the school programs encouraged Native students to create new artistic styles that borrowed from tribal customs. This shift toward art-making that combines Native and non-Native ideas parallels a phenomenon that occurred at the California missions.

While conducting research for this project, I found myself drawing parallels between the boarding schools and my own dissertation work on the art of the California missions. The missions were similar to the boarding schools in that both institutions sought to “civilize” Native peoples and indoctrinate them with Western ideas. At both institutions, Native children were punished for speaking their languages and were taught the skills they needed to “survive” in mainstream society. In spite of administrators’ efforts, Native peoples found ways to maintain aspects of their cultures. In the case of art, this often meant producing objects that appealed to non-Native interests. In the early 1800s, weavers at Mission San Buenaventura in Ventura, California, wove baskets with Spanish-coin designs to present as gifts to Spanish dignitaries and the Spanish Crown. Roughly 100 years later, Indian students at the Santa Fe Indian School in Santa Fe, New Mexico, created art that depicted traditional iconographies while using non-Native artistic techniques.

In 1932, Dorothy Dunn founded the Studio School at the Santa Fe Indian School, the first formal Native American art training program. Dunn, a former Indian Service teacher at the Santo Domingo Pueblo, brought together students from diverse tribal backgrounds to the Studio School. As a result, a new style of painting emerged that allowed students to depict culturally specific motifs in a nontraditional medium. Examples of these paintings can be found in the Autry’s Braun Research Library Collection. The provenance records even note the prices paid for each painting sold in the Santa Fe Indian School store. Koshare at Santa Clara, a beautiful watercolor painting by Adolph Naranjo, sold for the meager price of $2. I can only imagine what a painting like this would bring today! Thankfully, the Braun Research Library acquired the General Charles McC. Reeve Collection of Studio School paintings, which are now available for us to admire and study.

Adolph Naranjo (Santa Clara Pueblo, born 1916), Koshare at Santa Clara, 1937, watercolor, 18 x 12.5 in. The General Charles McC. Reeve Collection, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; 491.G.672
Adolph Naranjo (Santa Clara Pueblo, born 1916), Koshare at Santa Clara, 1937, watercolor, 18 x 12.5 in. The General Charles McC. Reeve Collection, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; 491.G.672

Koshare at Santa Clara depicts three dancing clowns against a solid cream-colored background. The background appears to be influenced by Dunn, who taught students to use neutral colors and to portray their subjects in nonspecific environments. Even though the style of the painting reflects that of the Studio School, Naranjo’s clown figures are uniquely Puebloan, and his Santa Clara Pueblo heritage clearly informs this work. This is just one example that shows how Native artists maintain their cultural knowledge even in the face of change.

One of the sources I read at the Braun Research Library is Sally Hyer’s One House, One Voice, One Heart: Native American Education at the Santa Fe Indian School. This publication explains that the Santa Fe Indian School motto was “Build a Cultural Heritage.” The idea of building one’s cultural heritage contradicts the policy most Indian boarding schools practiced. In one of The Cante Sica Boarding School Stories, Michael Carroll (Diné) states that the Thoreau Boarding School he attended in New Mexico taught its students that “tradition is the enemy of progress.” Fortunately, arts education programs like the Studio School took a different approach. J. J. Brody points out in Indian Painters and White Patrons that Dunn’s program encouraged students “to maintain tribal and individual distinction.” This is evident in Naranjo’s painting, which evokes his indigenous heritage. Unlike other institutions that sought to replace Indian cultural knowledge with Anglo-American teachings, the Santa Fe Indian School allowed students to explore their cultures, even if within the constraints of a boarding school program. The Studio School officially closed in 1962, reopening that year as the Institute for American Indian Arts, which is devoted to contemporary Native American and Alaska Native arts education.

Cover of One House, One Voice, One Heart: Native American Education at the Santa Fe Indian School by Sally Hyer. Santa Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1990. Autry Library, Autry National Center; E97.6.S18 H93 1990
Cover of One House, One Voice, One Heart: Native American Education at the Santa Fe Indian School by Sally Hyer. Santa Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1990. Autry Library, Autry National Center; E97.6.S18 H93 1990

The Santa Fe Indian School is not the only boarding school–based arts education program. While studying the many resources at the Libraries and Archives of the Autry, I learned that Winnebago artist and teacher Angel De Cora (1871–1919) taught art classes at the Carlisle Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, within the first decade of the twentieth century. Although De Cora trained in non-Native artistic traditions, she developed a curriculum in which students could make art using designs from their own tribes, but in a modern context. Handmade ceramic bowls in the Autry’s Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection reveal that the Pine Ridge Boarding School located on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota embraced a similar approach. The red background and tan geometric design that encircles the bowl give the piece a “modern” yet indigenous appearance. In the future, I hope to examine these pieces in closer detail so as to adequately explain their cultural significance.

Olive Cottier (Pine Ridge Sioux, 1909–1974), Pine Ridge Pottery, circa 1930–1955, ceramic, 2.5 x 6.5 x 6.5 in. Donated by the Elaine A. Patterson Living Trust. Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection, Autry National Center; 2005.40.4
Olive Cottier (Pine Ridge Sioux, 1909–1974), Pine Ridge Pottery, circa 1930–1955, ceramic, 2.5 x 6.5 x 6.5 in. Donated by the Elaine A. Patterson Living Trust. Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection, Autry National Center; 2005.40.4

Through my research, I learned that Native American students had diverse experiences at the Indian boarding schools. Whereas students like Adolph Naranjo could express their culture at school through art, others were not as fortunate. In his interview, Michael Carroll explains that he grew up in a weaving family. As a child he assisted his mother and grandmother in the weaving process by taking care of the family’s sheep. Later in life he pursued formal education in textile design. Seeing that traditional practices are being lost, Michael decided to teach those practices and pass on his knowledge to others. Michael’s story is powerful because it shows that Native people are resilient and adaptable. Moreover, it highlights the fact that traditional arts are not static. In spite of losing their languages, facing abuse, and being removed from their communities, boarding school students found ways to maintain or revitalize their cultures and a sense of indigenous identity.

It is my hope that the Autry Undisciplined Research Project will increase awareness of the Indian boarding schools’ complex history. I am grateful to the Autry for its continued efforts to make Natives voices heard in the museum and beyond. I look forward to witnessing new and meaningful projects emerge through the Autry’s collaboration with the local Native American communities.

We invite you to send your thoughts and comments to the Autry via Facebook and Twitter, or by e-mailing David Burton at dburton@theautry.org.

Libraries & Research: Changes in libraries

[This is the fourth in a short series on our 2014 OCLC Research Library Partnership meeting, Libraries and Research: Supporting Change/Changing Support. You can read the firstsecond, and third posts and also refer to the event webpage that contains links to slides, videos, photos, and a Storify summary.]

And now, onward to the final session of the meeting, which focused appropriately enough on changes in libraries, which include new roles and and preparing to support future service demands. They are engaging in new alliances and are restructuring themselves to prepare for change in accordance with their strategic plans.

[Paul-Jervis Heath, Lynn Silipigni Connaway, and Jim Michalko]

[Paul-Jervis Heath, Lynn Silipigni Connaway, and Jim Michalko]

Lynn Silipigni Connaway (Senior Research Scientist, OCLC Research) [link to video] shared the results of several studies that identify the importance of user-centered assessment and evaluation. Lynn has been working actively in this area since 2003, looking at not only researchers but also future researchers (students!). In interviews on virtual reference, focusing on perspective users, Lynn and her team found that students use Google and Wikipedia but also rely on human resources — other students, advisers, graduate students and faculty. In looking through years of data, interviewees tend to use generic terms like “database” and refer to specific tools and sources only when they are further along in their career — this doesn’t mean they don’t use them, rather, they get used to using more sophisticated terminology as they go along. No surprise, convenience trumps everything; researchers at all levels are eager to optimize their time so many “satisfice” if the assignment or task doesn’t warrant extra time spent. From my perspective, one of the most interesting findings from Lynn’s studies relates to students’ somewhat furtive use of Wikipedia, which she calls the Learning Black Market (students look up something in Google, find sources in Wikipedia, copy and paste the citation into their paper!). Others use Facebook to get help. Some interesting demographic differences — more established researchers use Twitter, and use of Wikipedia declines as researchers get more experience. In regards to the library, engagement around new issues (like data management) causes researchers to think anew about ways the library might be useful. Although researchers of all stripes will reach out to humans for help, librarians rank low on that list. Given all of these challenges, there are opportunities for librarians and library services — be engaging and be where researchers are, both physically and virtually. We should always assess what we are doing — keep doing what’s working, cut or reinvent what is not. Lynne’s presentation provides plenty of links and references for you to check out.

Paul-Jervis Heath (Head of Innovation & Chief Designer, University of Cambridge) [link to video] spoke from the  perspective of a designer, not a librarian (he has worked on smart homes, for example). He shared findings from recent work with the Cambridge University libraries. Because of disruption, libraries face a perfect storm of change in teaching, funding, and scholarly communications. User expectations are formed by consumer technology. While we look for teachable moments, Google and tech companies do not — they try to create intuitive experiences. Despite all the changes, libraries don’t need to sit on the sidelines, they can be engaged players. Design research is important and distinguished from market research in that it doesn’t measure how people think but how they act. From observation studies, we can see that students want to study together in groups, even if they are doing their own thing. The library needs to be optimized for that. Another technique employed, asking students to use diaries to document their days. Many students prefer the convenience of studying in their room but what propels them to the library is the desire to be with others in order to focus. At Cambridge, students have a unique geographic triangle defined by where they live, the department where they go to class, and the market they prefer to shop in. Perceptions about how far something (like the library) is outside of the triangle are relative. Depending on how far your triangle points are, life can be easy or hard. Students are not necessarily up on technology so don’t make assumptions. It turns out that books (the regular, paper kind) are great for studying! But students use ebooks to augment their paper texts, or will use when all paper books are gone. Shadowing (with permission) is another technique which allows you to immerse yourself in a researcher’s life and understand their mental models. Academics wear lot of different hats, play different roles within the university and are too pressed for time to learn new systems. It’s up to the library to create efficiencies and make life easier for researchers. Paul closed by emphasizing six strategic themes: transition from physical to digital; library spaces; sustainable classic library services; supporting research and scholarly communications; making special collections more available; and creating touchpoints that will bring people back to the library seamlessly.

Jim Michalko (Vice President, OCLC Research Library Partnership) [link to video] talked about his recent work looking at library organizational structures and restructuring. (Jim will be blogging about this work soon, so I won’t give more than a few highlights.) For years, libraries have been making choices about what to do and how to do it, and libraries have been reorganizing themselves to get this (new) work done. Jim gathered feedback from 65 institutions in the OCLC Research Library Partnership and conducted interviews with a subset of those, in order to find out if structure indeed follows strategy. Do new structures represent markets or adjacent strategies (in business speak)? We see libraries developing capacities in customer relationship management and we see this reflected in user-focused activities. Almost all institutions interviewed were undertaking restructuring based on a changes external to the library, such as new constituencies and expectations. Organizations are orienting themselves to be more user centered, and to align themselves with a new direction taken by the university. We see many libraries bringing in skill sets beyond those normally found in the library package. Many institutions charged a senior position with helping to run a portion of a regional or national service. Other similarities: all had a lot of communication about restructuring. Almost all also related to a space plan.

This session was followed by a discussion session and I invite you to watch it, and also to watch this lovely summary of our meeting delivered by colleague Titia van der Werf (less than 7 minutes long and worth watching!):

If you attended the meeting or were part of the remote viewing audience for all or part of it, or if you watched any of the videos, I hope you will leave some comments with your reactions. Thanks for reading!

The new virtual life of early analogue photography: digitising Oxford University’s magic lantern slide collection.

Originally posted on History of Art at Oxford University:

The History of Art Department’s Visual Resources Centre makes its archive of glass slide photography available in an online database.

Dina Akhmadeeva

Figure 1 Anonymous Photographer  View of Constantinople The Department of the History of Art, Oxford

Figure 1

Anonymous Photographer

View of Constantinople

The Department of the History of Art, Oxford

There exist strong ties between the discipline of art history and the medium of photography, ties which were forged in the mid-19th century with photography’s development, and which still exist today. In 1947 France’s then-culture minister André Malraux described art history as ‘the history of that which can be photographed’, while more recently art historian Donald Preziosi remarked that, “art history as we know it today is the child of photography”. In lectures, books, classes or articles, art historians have come to rely on photographic reproductions of artworks – whether painting, architecture, design or sculpture – as essential components to the way the discipline functions.

The History of Art Department’s Visual…

View original 897 more words

Libraries & Research: Supporting change in the university

[This is the third in a short series on our 2014 OCLC Research Library Partnership meeting, Libraries and Research: Supporting Change/Changing Support. You can read the first and second posts and also refer to the event webpage that contains links to slides, videos, photos, and a Storify summary.]

[Driek Heesakkers, Paolo Manghi, Micah Altman, Paul Wouters, and John Scally]

[Driek Heesakkers, Paolo Manghi, Micah Altman, Paul Wouters, and John Scally]

As if changes in research are not enough, changes are also coming at the university level and at the national level. The new imperatives of higher education around Open Access, Open Data and Research Assessment are impacting the roles of libraries in managing and providing access to e-research outputs, in helping define the university’s data management policies, and demonstrating value in terms of research impact. This session explored these issues and more!

John MacColl (University Librarian at University of St Andrews) [link to video] opened the session, speaking briefly about the UK context to illustrate how libraries are taking up new roles within academia. John presented this terse analysis of the landscape (and I thank him for providing notes!):

  • Professionally, we live increasingly in an inside-out environment. But our academic colleagues still require certification and fixity, and their reputation is based on a necessarily conservative world view (tied up with traditional modes of publishing and tenure)
  • Business models are in transition. The first phase of transition was from publisher print to publisher digital. We are now in a phase which he terms as deconstructive, based on a reassessment of the values of scholarly publishing, driven by the high cost of journals.
  • There are several reasons for this: among the main ones are the high costs of publisher content, and our responsibility as librarians for the sustainability of the scholarly record; another is the emergence of public accountability arguments – the public has paid for this scholarship, they have the right to access outputs.
  • What these three new areas of research library activity have in common is the intervention of research funders into the administration of research within universities, although the specifics vary considerably in different nations.

John Scally (Director of Library and University Collections, University of Edinburgh) [link to video] added to the conversation, speaking about the role of the research library in research data management (RDM) at the University of Edinburgh. From John’s perspective, the library is a natural place for RDM work to happen because the library has been in the business of managing and curating stuff for a long time and services are at the core of the library. Naturally, making content available in different ways is a core responsibility of the library. Starting research data conversations around policy and regulatory compliance is difficult — it’s easier to frame as a problem around storage, discovery and reuse of data. At Edinburgh they tried to frame discussions around how can we help, how can you be more competitive, do better research? If a researcher comes to the web page about data management plans (say at midnight, the night before a grant proposal is due) that webpage should do something useful at the time of need, not direct researchers to come to the library during the day. Key takeaways: Blend RDM into core services, not a side business. Make sure everyone knows who is leading. Make sure the money is there, and you know who is responsible. Institutional policy is a baby step along the way, implementation is most important. RDM and open access are ways of testing (and stressing) your systems and procedures – don’t ignore fissures and gaps. An interesting correlation between RDM and the open access repository – since RDM has been implemented at Edinburgh, deposits of papers have increased.

Driek Heesakkers (Project Manager at the University of Amsterdam Library) [link to video] told us about RDM at the University of Amsterdam and in the Netherlands. Netherlands differs from other landscapes, characterized as “bland” – not a lot of differences between institutions in terms of research outputs. A rather complicated array of institutions for humanities, social science, health science, etc, all trying to define their roles in RDM. For organizations who are mandated to capture data, it’s vital that they not just show up at the end of the process to scoop up data, but that they be embedding in the environment where the work is happening, where tools are being used.  Policy and infrastructure need to be rolled out together. Don’t reinvent the wheel – if there are commercial partners or cloud services that do the work well, that’s all for the good. What’s the role of the library? We are not in the lead with policy but we help to interpret and implement — similarly with technology. The big opportunity is in the support – if you have faculty liaisons, you should be using them for data support. Storage is boring but necessary. The market for commercial solutions is developing which is good news – he’d prefer to buy, not built, when appropriate. This is a time for action — we can’t be wary or cautious.

Switching gears away from RDM, Paul Wouters (Director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at the University of Leiden) [link to video] spoke about the role of libraries in research assessment. His organization combines fundamental research and services for institutions and individual researchers. With research becoming increasingly international and interdisciplinary, it’s vital that we develop methods of monitoring novel indicators. Some researchers have become, ironically and paradoxically, fond of assessment (may be tied up with the move towards the quantified self?). However, self assessment can be nerve wracking and may not return useful information. Managers may are also interested in individual assessment because it may help them give feedback.  Altmetrics do not correlate closely to citation metrics, and and can vary considerably across disciplines. It’s important to think about the meaning of various ways of measuring impact. As an example of other ways of measuring, Paul presented the ACUMEN (Academic Careers Understood through Measurement and Norms) project, which allows researchers to take the lead and tell a story given evidence from his or her portfolio. An ACUMEN profile includes a career narrative supported by expertise, outputs, and influence. Giving a stronger voice to researchers is more positive than researchers not being involved in or misunderstanding (and resenting) indicators.

Micah Altman (Director of Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Libraries) [link to video] discussed the importance of researcher identification and the need to uniquely identify researchers in order to manage the scholarly record and to support assessment. Micah spoke in part as a member of a group that OCLC Research colleague Karen Smith-Yoshimura led, the Registering Researchers Task Group working group (their report, Registering Researchers in Authority Files is now available). It explored motivations, state of the practice, observations and recommendations. The problem is that there is more stuff, more digital content, and more people (the average number of authors on journal articles have gone up, in some cases way up). To put it mildly, disambiguating names is not a small problem. A researcher may have one or more identifiers, which may not link to one another and may come from different sources. The task group looked at the problem not only from the perspective of the library, but also from the perspective of various stakeholders (publishers, universities, researchers, etc.). Approaches to managing name identifiers result in some very complicated (and not terribly efficient) workflows. Normalizing and regularizing this data has big potential payoffs in terms of reducing errors in analytics, and creating a broad range of new (and more accurate) measures. Fortunately, with a recognition of the benefits, interoperability between identifier systems is increasing, as is the practice of assigning identifiers to researcher. One of the missing pieces is not only identifying researchers but also their roles in a given piece of work (this is a project that Micah is working on with other collaborators). What are steps that libraries can take? Prepare to engage! Work across stakeholder communities; demand more than PDFs from publishers. And prepare for more (and different) types of measurement.

Paolo Manghi (Researcher at Institute of Information Science and Technologies “A. Faedo” (ISTI), Italian National Research Council) [link to video] talked about the data infrastructures that support access to the evolving scholarly record and the requirements needed for different data sources (repositories, CRIS systems, data archives, software archives, etc.) to interoperate. Paolo spoke as a researcher, but also as the technical manager of the EU funded OpenAIRE project. This project started in 2009 out of a strong open access push from the European Commission. The project initially collected metadata and information about access to research outputs. The scope was expanded to include not only articles but also other research outputs. The work is done by human input and also technical infrastructure. They rely on input from repositories, also use software developed elsewhere. Information is funneled via 32 national open access desks. They have developed numerous guidelines (for metadata, for data repositories, and for CRIS managers to export data to be compatible with OpenAIRE). The project fills three roles — a help desk for national agencies, a portal (linking publications to research data and information about researchers) and a repository for data and articles that are otherwise homeless (Zenodo). Collecting all this information into one place allows for some advanced processes like deduplication, identifying relationships, demonstrating productivity, compliance, and geographic distribution. OpenAIRE interacts with other repository networks, such as SHARE (US), and ANDS (Australia). The forthcoming Horizon 2020 framework will cause some significant challenges for researchers and service providers because it puts a larger emphasis on access for non-published outputs.

The session was followed by a panel discussion.

I’ll conclude tomorrow with a final posting, wrapping up this series.

Libraries & Research: Supporting change in research

[This is the second in a short series on our 2014 OCLC Research Library Partnership meeting, Libraries and Research: Supporting Change/Changing Support. You can read the first post and also refer to the event webpage contains links to slides, videos, photos, Storify summaries.]

[Anja Smit, Adam Farquhar, Antal van den Bosch, and Ricky Erway]

[Anja Smit, Adam Farquhar, Antal van den Bosch, and Ricky Erway]

Anja Smit (University Librarian at Utrecht University) [link to video] chaired this session which focused on the ways in which libraries are or could be supporting eScholarship. In opening she shared a story that reflects how the library is really a creature of the larger institution. At Utrect the library engaged in scenario planning* and identified their future as being all about open access and online access to sources. When they brought faculty in to comment on their plans, they were told that they were “going too fast” and that they needed to slow down. Sometimes researchers request services and sometimes the library just acts to fill a void.  But innovation is not only starting but also stopping. The Utretch experience with VREs are an example of a well-reasoned library “push” of services – thought they would have 200 research groups actively using the VRE but only 25 took it up. Annotated books on the other hand is an example of “pull,” something requested by researchers. Dataverse (a network for storing data) started as a service in the library that was needed by faculty but ultimately moved to DANS due to scale and infrastructure issues.  The decision to discontinue local search was a “pull” decision, based on evidence that researchers were not using it. Ultimately, librarians need to be “embedded” in researcher workflows. If we don’t know what they are doing, we won’t be able to help them.

Ricky Erway (Senior Program Officer, OCLC Research) [link to video] gave her own story of push and pull — OCLC Research was asked by the Research Information Management Interest Group to “do something about digital humanities”. The larger question was, where can libraries make a unique contribution?  Ricky and colleague Jennifer Schaffner immersed themselves in the researchers’ perspective regarding processes, issues, and needs, and then tried to see where the library might fill gaps. Their paper [Does Every Research Library Need a Digital Humanities Center?] was written for library directors not already engaged with digital humanities. The answer to the question posed in the title of the paper is, “It depends.”  The report suggests that a constellation of engagement possibilities should be considered based on local needs. Start with what you are already offering and ensure that researchers are aware of those services. Scholars enthusiasm for metadata was a surprising finding — humanities researchers use and value metadata sources such as VIAF. (Colleague Karen Smith-Yoshimura has previously blogged about contributions to VIAF from the Syriac scholarly community and contributions from the Perseus Catalog.) A challenge for libraries is figuring out, when to support, when to collaborate, and when to lead. There is no one size fits all in digital humanities and libraries — not only is it the case that “changes in research are not evenly distributed,” but also every library has its own set of strengths and services which may be good matches for local needs.

Adam Farquhar (Head of Digital Scholarship at the British Library) [link to video] talked about what happens when large digital collections are brought together with scholars. Adam’s role, in brief is to get the British Library’s digital collections into the hands of scholars so they can create knowledge. Adam and his team have been trying to find ways to take advantage of the digital qualities of digital collections — up to now, most libraries have treated digital collections the same as print collections apart from delivery. This is a mistake, because there are unique aspects to large-scale digital collections and we should be leveraging them. The British Library has a cross-disciplinary team which is much needed for tackling the challenges at hand. Rather than highlighting the broad range of projects being undertaken at the BL, Adam chose instead to focus on a few small, illustrative examples. In the British Library Labs, developers are invited to sit alongside scholars and co-evolve projects and solutions. The BL Labs Competition is a challenge to encourage people to put forward interesting projects and needs. Winners of the 2014 competition included one from Australia (showing that there is global interest in the BL’s collections). One winner is the Victorian Meme Machine, which will pair Victorian jokes with likely images to illustrate what makes Victorian jokes funny. Another project extracted images from digitized books and put a million images on Flickr (where people go to look for images, not for books). These images have received 160 million views in the last year. These are impressive metrics especially when you consider that previously no one alive had looked any of those images. Now lots of people have and they have been used in a variety of ways, from an art piece at Burning Man, to serious research, to commercial use. Adam’s advice? Relax and take a chance on release of information into the public domain.

Antal van den Bosch (Professor at the Radboud University Nijmegen) [link to video] spoke from his perspective as a researcher. Scientists have long had the ability to shift from first gear (working at the chalkboard) to 5th or 6th gear (doing work on the Large Hadron Collider). Humanists have recently discovered that there is a 3rd or 4th gear and want to go there. In the humanities there is fast and slow scholarship. In his own field, linguistics and computer science, there is no data like more data. Large, rich corpuses are highly valued (and more common over time). One example is Twitter – in the Netherlands, seven million Tweets a day are generated and collected by his institute. Against this corpus, researchers can study the use of language at different times of day and use location metadata to identify use of regional dialect. Another example is the HiTiME (Historical Timeline Mining and Extraction) project which uses linked data in historical sources to enable the study of social movements in Europe. Within texts, markup of persons, locations, and events allow visualizations including timelines and social networks. Analysis of newspaper archives revealed both labor strikes that happened and those that didn’t. However, library technology was not up to the task of keeping up with the data so that findings were not repeatable, underscoring the need for version control and adequate technological underpinnings. Many times in these projects the software goes along with the data, so storing both data and code is important.  Most researchers are not sure where to put their research data and may be using cloud storage like GitHub. Advice and guidance are all well and good but what researchers really need is storage, and easy to use services (“an upload button, basically”). In the Netherlands and in Europe, there are long tail storage solutions for e-research data. Many organizations and institutions say “here, let me help you with that.” Libraries seem well situated to help with metadata, but researchers want full text search against very big data sets like Twitter or Google Books. Libraries should be asking themselves if they can host something that big. If libraries can’t offer collections like these, at scale, researchers may not be interested.  On the other hand in the humanities which has a “long tail of small topics,” there are many single researchers doing small research projects and here the library may be well positioned to help.

If you are interested in more details you can watch the discussion session that followed:

I’ll be back later to summarize the last two segments of the meeting.

*A few years ago, Jim and I attended one of the ARL 2030 Scenarios workshops. Since that time, I’ve been quite interested in the use of scenario planning as an approach for organizations like libraries that hope to build for resilience.


Rare Home Movie From the Claude and ZerNona Black Papers Has Been Preserved

We are pleased to share with the world a piece of history that was in danger of being lost forever.  “Home movie: Travel scenes in the United States, Europe and the Middle East, circa 1959” is an amateur film/home movie from the Claude and ZerNona Black Papers that Donna Guerra, our former Project Archivist, had the foresight to protect.  She successfully acquired a grant from the National Film Preservation Foundation to send the film to Colorlab for preservation.  The film is now available for anyone to watch streaming online.
This silent 16mm film, shot in the late 1950s, is one of three home movies that we are fortunate to have in the Claude and ZerNona Black Papers. Thanks go to Donna Guerra for all her hard work in making this film available to the public and preserving it for future generations!
Donna Guerra has enumerated a number of reasons why this is an important film to preserve and I include them, in her words, below:

  • “Although other areas of the United States have 16mm films available that reflect African American life in the 1950s, I have not been able to locate such films byamateur or non-professional African American persons from the Southwest United States. Therefore, the relative dearth of access to such films, both regionally and locally in San Antonio, makes preservation of and access to our film of critical importance.  One local repository at the University of Texas at San Antonio holds a small quantity of archival materials created by local African Americans.  However, the Claude and ZerNona Black Papers stand alone as the most single and substantial (100 cubic feet) African American collection in San Antonio.  In addition, the two films already digitized are the only 16mm films created by African Americans from San Antonio in the 1950s that are available on the world wide web.  And further, preservation of this film would complement the two digitized films to which we already provide world wide web access.”
  •  “One of the main contexts of the film is that it provides evidence that African Americans engaged in international travel, and that the impetus for this particular travel was faith-based.  Reverend Black was very involved with various local, regional, and national Baptist organizations.  Reverend and ZerNona Black, along with other United States attendees, were part of a Baptist World Alliance (BWA) travel group.  The BWA was established in 1905 in London, England, as a more liberal voice and often times has been a vocal defender of human rights.  The film provides a ground for sociopolitical considerations regarding the conditions that made it possible for African Americans to travel overseas in the 1950s.  Would travel have been made more possible as a faith-based activity, rather than for leisure alone?” 
  •  “The particular portion of the film that takes place in London shows signage that reads, the ‘American League Incorporating the Coloured Peoples Benevolent Association Office,’ at 27 Red Lion Street, Holborn WCI.  There is a speaker standing, with a sign below him that says ‘Coloured Peoples Welfare’. After doing some research on the internet, in British web catalogs and in academic subscription databases, on the association names and the address, I was able to find very little.  I did find a small amount of evidence that revealed that the address of 27 Red Lion Street has historically been home to a variety of radical and socially progressive groups, including the Freedom Press, a radical bookshop and publisher… I believe the evidence of the event depicted at 27 Red Lion Street in the context of the BWA Golden Jubilee Congress holds excellent research value.”
  •  “The rarity of African American home movies depicting work and social life, and events, puts the film in a rare category.”
  •  “There is no real likelihood that the film exists in duplication anywhere, which qualifies it as rare and unique.”

We are grateful to the National Film Preservation Foundation, Colorlab, and Donna Guerra, for making it possible for us to share this rare film with you. 

    3 herramientas muy poco conocidas de Windows 7 y 8 de las que seguramente no habrás oído hablar.

    3 Herramientas ocultas en Windows 7 y 8 que necesitas conocer
    https://www.denoticias.es/ 17/11/2014

    Si crees que conoces Windows de dentro a fuera, TuneUp, la compañía experta en la mejora de rendimiento y optimización de PCs, pretende sorprenderte con estas 3 herramientas muy poco conocidas de las que seguramente no habrás oído hablar.

    1. Informe de eficiencia energética

    Esta herramienta es una de las favoritas para dispositivos portátiles, ya que fue desarrollada por Microsoft para comprobar las deficiencias de energía en Windows 7 y 8. El “Informe de Diagnósticos de eficiencia energética” proporciona información detallada sobre procesos, dispositivos y características de Windows que consumen la batería rápidamente.

    Acceder a éste reporte puede resultar un poco complicado para los que tienen menos experiencia, pero siguiendo las instrucciones a continuación, no debería haber ningún problema. Primero, ve al menú inicio en Windows 7 o a la función de búsqueda en la pantalla inicio en Windows 8 (lupa) y escribe “cmd”. Con el botón derecho del ratón pulsa sobre “cmd” y selecciona “Ejecutar como Administrador”. Cuando se abra la nueva ventana con fondo negro, escribe “powercfg/energy” y espera durante 60 segundos a que se complete la comprobación de energía del sistema.

    Al finalizar, se mostrará un resumen breve de errores y avisos, y también la ruta en la que se puede consultar el informe completo. En este reporte, que se abrirá en el navegador, es posible identificar los errores como los drivers y programas que son responsables de un alto consumo de batería y las soluciones para ello.

    2. Monitor de rendimiento y recursos

    La pérdida de rendimiento y estabilidad del PC con el tiempo es un hecho comprobado. Las causas suelen ser un conjunto de demasiados programas de terceros instalados, acumulación de archivos innecesarios, controladores de dispositivo obsoletos, malware, etc. Es posible comprobar el sistema con la herramienta oculta “Monitor de rendimiento y recursos”.

    Para acceder a ella ve al “Panel de Control”, “Sistema y Seguridad”, “Sistema” y abajo a la izquierda pulsa sobre “Información y herramientas de rendimiento”, selecciona “Herramientas avanzadas” y pulsa sobre “Generar un informe de mantenimiento del sistema”. Se abrirá una nueva ventana y tu sistema será observado durante 60 segundos. Luego, podrás revisar uno a uno los avisos y las recomendaciones de mejora para el rendimiento del sistema.

    3. Calibración de color de la pantalla

    ¿Los colores de tu escritorio o las fotos no son tan brillantes como deberían ser? ¿Las imágenes parece que hayan sido lavadas? Windows puede ayudar a solucionar estos problemas y optimizar tu pantalla mediante el uso de una función de calibración integrada para ajustar los niveles de brillo, contraste, nitidez y color de forma adecuada. Para iniciar la herramienta abre el menú inicio en Windows 7 o la función de búsqueda en la pantalla inicio en Windows 8, y escribe “dccw” y pulsa “Enter”.

    En la nueva ventana te guiará un paso a paso dónde podrás mejorar todos los ajustes de la pantalla.
    Estos son sólo una muestra de la multitud de herramientas de Windows ocultas qué pueden ser útiles no sólo para profesionales de TI sino para todos los usuarios. Además, son totalmente compatibles con TuneUp Utilities. Prueba ahora TuneUp Utilities, compatible con todas las versiones de Windows desde Windows XP, hasta Windows 8.1. Para más información, visita la página web oficial http://www.tuneup.mx/products/tuneup-utilities/features/.

    Acerca de TuneUp
    TuneUp es el proveedor líder de herramientas de software inteligentes que permiten que los usuarios ajusten el sistema operativo y los programas para obtener un rendimiento óptimo. TuneUp Utilities protege a los usuarios de los problemas en los equipos y aumenta su rendimiento y seguridad.
    Este enfoque tan centrado en los clientes y su gran atención al detalle en la entrega de productos y la prestación de servicios ha llevado a AVG Technologies a adquirir TuneUp.

    AVG Technologies adquirió TuneUp en agosto de 2011 porque cree que comparten un objetivo común: eliminar algunos de los quebraderos de cabeza de la vida digital y hacer que nuestros mundos digitales sean más fáciles de explorar y proteger, y que se pueda disfrutar de ellos de un modo más agradable.
    La suma de las opiniones de los más de 150 millones de usuarios de la sólida comunidad de AVG con los 15 años de experiencia de TuneUp garantizará que, juntos, AVG Technologies y TuneUp seguirán evolucionando para satisfacer las necesidades de los clientes que se conectan a Internet.

    TuneUp está disponible en español, alemán, inglés, francés y portugués. Los usuarios finales pueden encontrar TuneUp Utilities en el sitio web de la compañía en: www.tuneup.mx

    Autor: Federico Poggesi

    Libraries & Research, Supporting Change/Changing Support: Introduction

    Libraries and Research: Supporting Change/Changing Support was a meeting on 11-12 June for members of the OCLC Research Library Partnership. The meeting focused on how the evolving nature of academic research practices and scholarship are placing new demands on research library services. Shifting attitudes toward data sharing, methodologies in eScholarship, and rethinking the very definition of scholarly discourse . . . . these are all areas that have deep implications for the library. But it is not only the research process that is changing; research universities are evolving in new directions, often becoming more outcome-oriented, changing to reflect the increased importance of impact assessment, and competing for funding. Libraries are taking on new roles and responsibilities to support change in research and in the academy. From our perch in OCLC Research, we can see that as libraries prepare to meet new demands and position themselves for the future, libraries themselves are changing, both in their organizational structure and in their alliances with other parts of the university and with external entities.

    This meeting focused on three thematic areas: supporting change in research; supporting change at the university level; and changing support structures in the library.

    Our meeting venue, close to the Centraal Station.

    Our meeting venue, close to the Centraal Station.

    For the first time, and in response to an increasing number of active partners in Europe we held our Partnership meeting outside of the United States. Since we have a number of partners in the Netherlands, we opted to hold our meeting in Amsterdam. We were in a terrific venue, and the beautiful weather didn’t hurt.

    Meeting attendees were greeted by Maria Heijne (Director of the University of Amsterdam Library and of the Library of Applied Sciences/Hogeschool of Amsterdam). [Link to video.] Maria highlighted the global perspective represented by those attending the meeting — which haled from the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Italy, Germany, Australia, Japan, the US and Canada. The UofA library is a unique combination of library, special collections, and museum of archaeology. The offer a strong combination of services for the university and for the city of Amsterdam. Like so many libraries in the Partnership and beyond, the UofA library is preparing for a new facilities, and looking to shift effort from cataloging and other backroom functions to working more closely with researchers and other customers.

    Maria Heijne, University of Amsterdam

    Maria Heijne, University of Amsterdam

    Titia van der Werf (Senior Program Officer, OCLC Research) introduced the meeting and our themes [link to video], welcoming special guests from DANS, LIBER, RLUK and from OCLC EMEA Regional Council. The OCLC Research Library Partnership focuses on projects that have been defined as being of importance to partners. Examples of work in OCLC Research in support of the Partnership include looking at shifts in publication patterns and shifts in research (as highlighted in the Evolving Scholarly Record report), challenges in restructuring and redefining within the library (reflected in work done by my colleague Jim Michalko), and studying the behavior of researchers so we can understand evolving needs (reflected in our work synthesizing user and behavior studies). We also see interest and uptake in new ways of thinking about cataloging data, recasting metadata as identifiers (such as identifiers for people, subjects, or for works). As research changes, as universities change, so too do libraries need to change.

    With that introduction to our meeting, I’ll close. Look for a short series of posts summarizing the remainder of the meeting, focusing on the three themes.

    [The event webpage contains links to slides, videos, photos, Storify summaries]

    Big Data está cambiando nuestra realidad y la de las empresas

    Big Data, ¿realidad disparatada o revolucionaria?
    http://www.haycanal.com/ 17/11/2014
    Big Data, ¿realidad disparatada o revolucionaria?

    Teradata, compañía líder en plataformas, aplicaciones de marketing y servicios de análisis de datos, explica cómo el Big Data está cambiando nuestra realidad y la de las empresas.

    Larry Ellison, CEO de Oracle, comentó una vez que “la industria informática es la única que está más impulsada por la moda que la ropa femenina”. La palabra de moda de la industria, “Big Data”, ha sido tan utilizada que ya no forma parte solo del léxico tecnológico, sino que ha entrado en la conciencia pública a través de los medios de comunicación. Durante ese proceso, el Big Data ha sido descrito como “sin precedentes” y “disparatado”.

    Esto plantea un dilema, ¿es el Big Data un nuevo concepto de marketing inventado para ayudar a vendedores o es realmente un concepto interesante que plantea un nuevo futuro?

    Para entender por qué el fenómeno del Big Data sí que tiene precedentes solo hay que recordar la historia del sector retail, que ha visto cómo la información que maneja se ha multiplicada en las tres últimas décadas. Primero los sistemas EPoS y luego la tecnología RFID transformaron su capacidad de analizar, comprender y gestionar sus operaciones.

    “En el caso de Teradata, nosotros enviamos el primer sistema comercial del mundo de Procesamiento Paralelo Masivo (MPP) con un Terabyte de almacenamiento a Kmart en 1986. Para los estándares de la época se trataba de un sistema enorme (ocupó un camión cuando se envió) y permitió a Kmart capturar los datos de ventas diarios en tienda así como los números de referencia, lo que revolucionó la industria retail”, asegura Martin Willcox, Director de Producto y Solutciones de Marketing International en Teradata Corporation.

    Hoy en día, muchos portátiles ya cuentan un terabyte de almacenamiento y pueden guardar los datos de transacciones y números de referencia, lo que ha revolucionado de nuevo el sector y supone un reto para los pequeños vendedores que tienen que competir con grandes cadenas de suministro y la sofisticada segmentación conductual que Amazon lleva a cabo. Lo mismo ha ocurrido con el impacto que los sistemas de facturación y los conmutadores de red han tenido en las telecomunicaciones o con la automatización de sucursales y la banca online, que han cambiado totalmente la financiación al por menor.

    Es un hecho que desde que se inventaron los ordenadores ha habido un crecimiento exponencial del volumen de datos como predecía la ley de Moore, lo que ha permitido que cada vez más procesos de negocio sean digitalizados. Asimismo, los ocho años que las personas encargadas tardaron en procesar los datos recogidos del censo de EEUU en 1880 fue la motivación para que Herman Hollerith, fundador de la Hollerith’s Tabulating Machine Company que más tarde se convirtió en International Business Machines (IBM), inventara las “tarjetas de Hollerith” o “tarjetas perforadas”.

    Por otro lado, sería un error desestimar el Big Data como “disparatado” ya que fuerzas significativas están cambiando la manera en la que las empresas piensan acerca de la información y la analítica. Estas fuerzas tomaron fuerza a partir de finales de 1990 a raíz de tres innovaciones tecnológicas disruptivas que produjeron grandes cambios tanto en los negocios como en la sociedad y que han tenido como resultado la aparición del término Big Data.

    La primera innovación fue el crecimiento de la World Wide Web, lo que permitió a gigantes de Internet como Amazon, eBay y Google emerger y dominar sus respectivos mercados aprovechando los datos “clickstream”, lo que permitió una personalización masiva de sus sitios web. Estos datos se extrajeron de sofisticados análisis que les permitieron comprender las preferencias del usuario y su comportamiento. Esta nueva realidad ha llevado a que algunos analistas ya predigan que Amazon, una empresa que no existía antes de 1995, pronto se convierta en el minorista más grande del mundo.

    Las tecnologías social media, ampliadas y aceleradas por el impacto de las tecnologías móviles, representan la segunda de estas grandes revoluciones disruptivas. Los datos que generan están permitiendo que cada vez más compañías conozcan no sólo qué hacemos, sino también dónde lo hacemos, cómo pensamos y con quién compartimos nuestros pensamientos. Martin Willcox comenta: “La característica de LinkedIn “personas que puedes conocer” es un ejemplo clásico de esta segunda innovación del Big Data. Comprender las interacciones indirectas de los clientes puede ser una enorme fuente de valor para compañías B2C como Netflix, que han crecido gracias a sus sofisticados motores de recomendación”.

    El “Internet de las Cosas”, redes de dispositivos inteligentes interconectados que son capaces de comunicarse unos con otros y con el mundo que les rodea, es la tercera gran novedad impulsada surgida en las dos últimas décadas. A consecuencia de la ley de Moore que asegura que “los dispositivos informáticos simples son ahora son increíblemente baratos y cada vez lo serán más”, el Internet de las Cosas está llegando cada vez a más objetos y procesos. El viejo dicho de que “lo que se mide, se controla” es cada vez más redundante, pues estamos entrando en una era en la que sensores eficaces, resistentes, inteligentes y, sobre todo, baratos ya pueden medir todo.

    Las tres “nuevas olas de innovación” del Big Data permiten comprender, respectivamente: cómo interactúan las personas con las cosas; cómo las personas interactúan con sus semejantes y cómo complejos sistemas de cosas interactúan entre sí. Juntas, las tres nuevas innovaciones hacen posible que las analíticas evolucionen del estudio de las transacciones al estudio de las interacciones, pues una vez que se han recogido e integrado los datos que conforman las transacciones y eventos, se puede medir y analizar el comportamiento tanto de los sistemas como de las personas.

    En una era de hiper-competencia producto de la globalización y la digitalización, analizar con eficacia estas nuevas fuentes de datos y actuar en función de los resultados obtenidos está cambiando la forma de hacer negocios y proporciona a las compañías una ventaja competitiva importante.

    “Contrariamente a algunos despliegues publicitarios de la industria, mucho de lo aprendido sobre gestión de la información y análisis durante las últimas tres décadas es todavía relevante, aunque es cierto que explotar adecuadamente las tres innovaciones de Big Data también requierá que se dominen algunos nuevos desafíos”, afirma Martin Willcox.


    Google Genomics proyecto para crear una especie de Internet del ADN

    Google también quiere almacenar tu información genética
    http://bitelia.com/ 17/11/2014

    Google Genomics es un proyecto para crear una especie de Internet del ADN en el que los médicos podrán buscar información relacionada con el genoma humano y podrán realizar consultas para avanzar en el desarrollo de investigaciones en el campo de la salud.

    Google es una de las empresas más grandes y acaparadoras del mundo. Gracias a sus productos y servicios podemos realizar búsquedas en Internet, tener una cuenta de correo electrónico, almacenar archivos en la nube, tener un perfil social, escuchar música y ver videos, crear documentos de texto, tener un navegador de Internet, tener un sistema operativo completo, entre otras muchas, muchas, muchas, muchas (…) posibilidades.

    Uno de los campos en el que pocas empresas desarrolladoras de tecnología han incursionado es la genética; y es que, quién pensaría que se puede realizar algo respecto a la genética, bueno Google ya lo hizo.
    Google Genomics

    La secuencia genética completa de una sola persona produce más de 100GB de datos en bruto.

    Gracias a los avances tecnológicos, la generación de datos en la investigación científica es mucho más fácil que antes; sin embargo, el análisis y la interpretación siguen siendo aspectos un poco más complejos debido al constante aumento del volumen de información.

    Google ha creado un convenio con la Alianza Global para la Genética y la Salud (Global Alliance), que permitirá “elintercambio responsable, seguro y eficaz de la información genética y clínica en la nube con las comunidades de investigación y cuidado de la salud, en cumplimiento con los más altos estándares de ética y privacidad.”

    Google también quiere almacenar tu información genética

    Google Genomics forma parte de la plataforma Google Cloud, el cual permite a los desarrolladores crear, probar e implementar aplicaciones sobre la infraestructura de Google. El proyecto se puso en marcha en marzo de este año, pero no tuvo tanto impacto como otros anuncios de Google.

    Google Genomics es un proyecto completo que incluye el almacenamiento de información genética en la nube, un buscador especializado y la posibilidad de realizar consultas respecto de dicha información para ayudar a los especialistas de la salud en el desarrollo de experimentos, estudios sobre determinada población genética o el descubrimiento de curas y tratamientos. Lo más importante es que la medicina pronto podrá contar con una especie de Internet del ADN en el que los médicos serán capaces de realizar búsquedas.

    Por ejemplo, si yo fuera a contraer cáncer de pulmón en el futuro, los médicos van a secuenciar mi genoma y el genoma de mi tumor y, a continuación, realizarán consultas contra una base de datos de 50 millones de genomas. El resultado será ‘Oye, aquí está el medicamento que funciona mejor para ti.’ – Deniz Kural

    Actualmente ya se pueden encontrar 3,500 genomas de proyectos públicos en los servidores de Google. El costo de almacenamiento de cada genoma varía entre $25 y $0.25 dólares por año, aunque se estima que entre más crezca la demanda los costos disminuirán.


    Borrar datos de forma remota cuando pierdes o roban tu celular, tablet o pc

    Borrado de datos vía remota en pérdida de computadoras o celulares
    http://ciudadania-express.com/ 17/11/2014

    Oaxaca, México.-Tanto para particulares que pueden sufrir el robo de una computadora como para empresas para blindarse frente al espionaje. El borrado remoto de datos es una opción que está ganando adeptos con el paso del tiempo.

    Los principales sistemas de borrado en remoto funcionan en conexión a Internet y permiten el uso de dispositivos móviles como botones de ejecución, tal y como explican desde Eroski Consumer.

    Qué tener en cuenta Las aplicaciones de borrado remoto no garantizan que este sea efectivo o que se pueda realizar, ya que en primer lugar es necesario que el equipo se conecte a Internet para poder hacerle llegar las órdenes de borrado o localización.

    Además, para añadir una capa extra de seguridad, es recomendable que el disco duro se encuentre cifrado, para asegurarse de que el contenido del disco no se puede recuperar mediante herramientas de análisis o recuperación de archivos.


    También es recomendable que el ordenador cuente con una contraseña de acceso como administrador o bien que se requiera al iniciar la sesión del usuario.

    Un truco que puede funcionar en ocasiones consiste en crear una cuenta de invitado, que permita acceder al ordenador sin contraseña. Este tipo de cuentas de invitados no permiten acceder a los contenidos del administrador, pero sí que se haga uso del ordenador.

    En caso de acceso no autorizado, al entrar en Internet desde esta cuenta se permitirá que las aplicaciones de localización y borrado automático se activen. En caso de que se formatee el ordenador, este tipo de aplicaciones se borran. Por tanto, dejan de estar activas.

    Para impedir este formateo por parte de un posible ladrón, la opción más recomendable pasa por activar una contraseña en la BIOS y desactivar que se pueda arrancar el ordenador desde cualquier dispositivo externo.

    En Mac OS X e iOS Las últimas versiones de los sistemas operativos Mac Os X e iOS cuentan con algunas mejoras en el servicio en la nube iCloud, entre ellas, la opción de encontrar el ordenador del usuario y borrar su disco duro en caso de necesidad.

    Para activar este servicio en Yosemite, es necesario ir a “Preferencias del Sistema> iCloud> Buscar mi Mac” y activar la función. También es necesario tener activado en el apartado “Economizador” la opción “Activar el ordenador para permitir el acceso a la red”.

    Se fuerza así al ordenador a salir del reposo para conectarse a Internet. La gestión remota del ordenador se realiza a través de la página web iCloud.com.

    De esta forma, se puede tener acceso al ordenador desde cualquier dispositivo o lugar. Una vez que hemos accedido con nuestras credenciales, los usuarios disponemos de tres opciones: hacer que el Mac emita un pitido, bloquear el ordenador o borrar sus archivos de forma remota.

    Prey, para varios sistemas operativos Prey es una aplicación disponible para los sistemas operativos de escritorio Windows, Mac Os X y Linux, y para móviles Android e iOS. Prey está orientado a localizar y proteger un ordenador o dispositivo portátil en caso de perdida o sustracción. Esta aplicación es de uso gratuito para un único dispositivo, aunque también cuenta con un sistema de planes, en función del número de dispositivos que se quieren controlar.

    Para un máximo de tres y diez dispositivos, el coste es de cinco y quince dólares al mes, respectivamente. Prey cuenta con diferentes opciones para monitorizar en tiempo real un ordenador a distancia y realizar diferentes acciones que permitan o bien recuperarlo o bien bloquear el acceso al mismo y a la información sensible que deseemos proteger.

    Para ello, esta aplicación da la opción de bloquear el dispositivo y borrar todas las contraseñas almacenadas. Disponible en Dropbox La información de los usuarios no solo se encuentra en su disco duro, sino que también cuenta con carpetas sincronizadas en el ordenador y en los servidores de alojamiento de los servicios en la nube, como Dropbox.

    De esta forma, al perder un dispositivo conectado a un servicio de este tipo, un tercero podría acceder a estos archivos si buscara el acceso al servidor, aunque el contenido del ordenador se hubiera borrado. Para impedirlo, Dropbox cuenta con una característica de borrado remoto que elimina la carpeta de Dropbox del dispositivo sustraído y bloquea la sincronización de archivos.

    Es necesario que el dispositivo se conecte a Internet para poder realizarse esta opción. Los pasos para el borrado remoto se realizan desde la página web de Dropbox y en la opción de “Configuración> Seguridad> Eliminar archivos de esta computadora la próxima vez que se conecte a la Web”.

    Autor: Naked snake

    Nombre de restos hallados del piloto aleman que comenzo la II Guerra Mundial fueron descubiertos en los archivos

    Hallan restos del piloto alemán que empezó la Segunda Guerra Mundial
    http://actualidad.rt.com/ 17/11/2014

    En la región de Kubán, sur de Rusia y lugar de encarnizados combates aéreos en 1943, una organización de entusiastas encontró el avión y restos mortales del piloto alemán que arrojó las primeras bombas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
    Entusiastas de la organización social rusa Kubanski Platsdarm han encontrado los restos del avión y del piloto alemán Horst Schiller, que en 1939 arrojó las primeras bombas en Polonia, informa la agencia rusa Interfax.

    “En otoño de este año, un grupo de investigadores que trabajaban en la región Krymski, cerca de la aldea Vinográdnaya, encontró fragmentos de un bombardero Junkers 87. Posteriormente, a principios de noviembre, desde una profundidad de cinco metros fueron subidos el motor de la aeronave, la caja principal de transmisión y los restos del piloto”, señalo el líder de la organización, Evgueni Porfíriev.

    Los entusiastas se enteraron del nombre del piloto al comparar el número identificador del bombardero con datos de archivos.

    Schiller fue catalogado como muerto el 2 de junio de 1943, cuando su avión fue derribado por la artillería antiaérea soviética, tres kilómetros al noroeste de la actual ciudad de Krymsk.

    “El comandante del grupo de bombarderos en picado, Horst Schiller, poseedor póstumo de la Cruz de Caballero, el galardón militar más alto del ejército alemán de la época, se convirtió en el primer piloto en Alemania en cumplir una misión de combate durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Esto sucedió en Polonia, veinte minutos antes del inicio oficial de las hostilidades, el 1 de septiembre de 1939″, destacó Porfíriev.

    La organización Kubanski Platsdarm lleva ya encontrado en pocos meses de existencia los lugares de entierro de más de cinco mil soldados y oficiales soviéticos, y fue la responsable de establecer y estudiar los lugares donde cayeron 159 aviones.

    Sitio del accidente de la Segunda Guerra Mundial

    Creación de un mapa interactivo de la región de Krasnodar con marcas de sitio exacto de la caída de la Gran Guerra Patria – un proyecto de recogida y síntesis de la pluralidad de información para dispar en este tema.
    A día de hoy, en el Territorio son numerosos los restos de máquinas de guerra, a menudo con los restos de los pilotos y las tripulaciones. No se conocen su destino y los nombres. Todavía hay un par de años de búsqueda, años de trabajo.
    Diferentes unidades y grupos de búsqueda, a veces los etnógrafos y museo de la escuela de las pequeñas ciudades ya han encontrado la información en el avión que se estrelló, restaurando los nombres de los pilotos muertos, sobrevivientes de la ruta combate. En algunos lugares, los monumentos a las cataratas. Desafortunadamente, no toda la información se pone a la Internet, que esté disponible al público en general. Los turistas y viajeros que pasan cerca del embudo de natación, no saben que en este punto terminó la ruta de combate del piloto …
    Recientemente, entre los muy diferentes grupos de turistas, jeepers, los viajeros, los alumnos y estudiantes, reapareció empresa digna de respeto, y sin ningún tipo de iniciativas “desde arriba”. Las personas establecen sus propios monumentos, placas, monumentos en el campo de batalla, el lugar de la muerte de nuestros soldados.
    Para ello, en el campo de información de cada marca en el mapa, especificamos las coordenadas exactas. Y quién sabe, puede tardar bastante tiempo, y en un lugar olvidado en el bosque, con las manos en especie serán un monumento. Y que pasa cerca, tendrá la oportunidad de detenerse y ceder a la memoria no regresó de la guerra.
    Cada primavera, se presenta un procedimiento para monumentos y memoriales existentes. Ahora, para una variedad de grupos y comunidades serán capaces de tomar sus propias memoriales en los lugares que aún no se conocían. Si es necesario, aparte de la información de resumen para cada campo en el avión, vamos a dar más detalles de cualquier grupo social, a las asociaciones, a cualquier persona, de respetar la historia de la guerra.
    Sobre la base de datos para el Territorio de Krasnodar fue obra de Eugene Porfir’eva su grupo busca de sus camaradas. Sólo encontraron en el territorio de la región de más de un centenar de aeronaves, pilotos y tripulaciones que se encuentran, recuperados del olvido los nombres. Además, será recogido y verificado antes de crear la información de marca de la literatura y de Internet, la información de los otros equipos de búsqueda y grupos. Si en una determinada aeronave o piloto, equipo, hay un material u objeto – que se mostrará como vínculos en el campo de información de cada etiqueta.
    La “zona de búsqueda” será agradecido por cualquier información, nueva o adicional, sobre el tema de la búsqueda de la historia de las batallas aéreas sobre el Kuban. Si usted tiene alguna información acerca de la aeronave lugar del accidente o saldos – incluso informar sobre el lugar. Este punto será marcado en el mapa marcado “está trabajando”, y tal vez alguien vio a este punto, añadir la información para su información. Y vamos a trabajar. Y en nuestro mapa será menos puntos con una marca de este tipo.
    Cualquier comentario, sugerencias, iniciativas y la información se pueden dejar en el “Añadir comentario”, que se encuentra al final de este artículo. El procedimiento para la adición de comentarios no es simple y toma menos de un minuto. Ayude a preservar la memoria.
    Muchas gracias a Eugene Porfir’eva y sus compañeros, el motor de búsqueda de la zona de Sochi, los participantes del proyecto “zona de búsqueda” por su trabajo. Gracias.

    Catalogan y analizan 100 mil documentos de "Archivos de Negrin"

    Negrín intentó sin éxito reconciliar la Segunda República con la Iglesia
    http://www.laprovincia.es/ 17/11/2014

    Un documento de los “Archivos de Negrín” habla de proyectos para promover la práctica del culto católico libremente en la zona republicana

    El último presidente de la Segunda República Española, Juan Negrín, buscó sin éxito la reconciliación con la Iglesia católica casi desde que asumió el cargo, con distintas iniciativas insólitas y casi desconocidas cuya existencia han confirmado sus archivos, recientemente llegados a su isla natal, Gran Canaria, desde París.

    La Fundación Juan Negrín muestra por primera vez a los medios de comunicación los trabajos que se realizan con documentos del archivo personal del último presidente del Gobierno de la II República, un proceso que debe concluir con la catalogación de esos fondos históricos. 

    El ministro de Justicia Manuel de Irujo, que ya había abogado por establecer la libertad de culto sin éxito antes, bajo la Presidencia de Francisco Largo Caballero, fue el responsable de poner en marcha la primera de las apuestas por recuperar el diálogo con la Iglesia en el verano de 1937 a las órdenes de Negrín, que acababa de hacerse con el mando del Gobierno en mayo de ese año. Así lo constata un documento de dieciocho folios del Ministerio de DefensaNacional de entonces que habla de proyectos para promover la práctica del culto católico libremente en la zona republicana, según ha relatado este lunes la catedrática de Historia Emiliana Velázquez en la sede de la Fundación Juan Negrín que hay en Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, la ciudad natal del político socialista.

    Desde ese inmueble donde trabaja, dentro de un equipo de ocho voluntarios, en catalogar y analizar los llamados “Archivos de Negrín”, un conjunto de en torno a 100.000 documentos que acumuló fuera del país como presidente en el exilio y que solo han vuelto a España unos meses atrás, esta especialista ha dicho que ese hallazgo es “una de las cosas que más la ha sorprendido” hasta el momento. Puesto que abre “una vía diferente a la que tradicionalmente nos habíamos creído” en materia de planteamientos y aspiraciones de la República frente a la Iglesia católica, cuyos máximos representantes se posicionaron mayoritariamente, tanto dentro como fuera de España, en favor del bando alzado contra su Gobierno en el marco de la Guerra Civil, ha argumentado Emiliana Velázquez.

    Quien ha subrayado que la apuesta por restablecer en el país ese culto, que se adoptó con “una valentía increíble, porque hay sectores republicanos que no querían eso”, tuvo dos protagonistas: “Irujo, que era auténticamente católico y lo hacía por creencia religiosa, y Juan Negrín, que lo hace por creencia en la democracia y la libertad y por razones estratégicas”. Ya que el presidente pretendía “contrarrestar la fama que estaba cogiendo la República a nivel internacional”, como un régimen que promovía o permitía la barbarie en forma de quemas de templos o asesinatos de religiosos, buscando “la oportunidad de dar otra imagen hacia Europa”, ha señalado.

    Sobre la estrategia en sí desarrollada para tender puentes con los católicos, la historiadora ha expuesto que tuvo tres hitos o factores principales, el primero de ellos una llamada “Operación Triángulo”, bautizada así porque “buscaba reanudar las relaciones a través de una conexión Barcelona-París-Vaticano”, que se puso en marcha en el verano de 1937, recién nombrado presidente Negrín. Esa operación, que buscó un acercamiento indirecto al Vaticano porque “era muy problemático salir desde la Barcelona republicana hacia la Italia fascista”, la protagonizó un destacamento que envió Irujo a Francia para encontrarse con el arzobispo de París y hablar después con representantes españoles que estaban en Roma, pero finalmente “hubo un jaleo que hizo que quedara en nada”.

    Negrín apostó meses después por normalizar el culto en Barcelona pero fracasó, “fundamentalmente porque se topó con sectores de la iglesia católica que no estaban interesados de ninguna manera en la reconciliación con la zona republicana, por la propaganda”, y tuvo otro intento postrer en diciembre de 1938, cuando, “ya tarde”, creó un “comisariado de culto” orientado sobre todo al campo de batalla.

    La información sobre esos y otros hechos desconocidos de la Historia de España se acrecentará previsiblemente en unos seis meses, cuando se espera haber catalogado todos los documentos de los “Archivos de Negrín”, que están cifrados entre 90.000 y 120.000, y entre los que se incluyen cartas personales, mensajes cifrados y hasta un mapa con la evolución diaria del frente del Ebro.

    Portal Manuscrito CSIC presenta colecciones de manuscritos en lenguas orientales

    MANUSCRIPTA CSIC: nuevo portal con colecciones de manuscritos en hebreo, árabe, aljamiado, persa y turco
    http://www.acal.es/ 16/11/2014
    Imágenes bajo licencia disponible en la web del proyecto. Cedidas por el CSICImágenes bajo licencia disponible en la web del proyecto. Cedidas por el CSIC

    El portal Manuscripta CSIC presenta las colecciones de manuscritos conservadas en las bibliotecas del CSIC (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), en hebreo, árabe, aljamiado (es la escritura con caracteres árabes de las lenguas romances habladas por los andalusíes durante la época tardía de todo al-Ándalus), persa y turco.

    El proyecto es el resultado de una acción conjunta entre el Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo, la Escuela de Estudios Árabes de Granada y la Unidad de Recursos de Información Científica para la Investigación del CSIC, realizada con el fin de dar a conocer las colecciones de manuscritos en lenguas orientales que se conservan en las siguientes bibliotecas: Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás del Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales de la Escuela de Estudios Árabes de Madrid y la Biblioteca de la Escuela de Estudios Árabes en Granada.

    Imagen bajo licencia disponible en la web del proyecto. Cedida por el CSIC

    La colección de manuscritos en lenguas orientales de la Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás consta de 133 documentos, de los cuales 20 son hebreos, 33 son códices árabes, 42 aljamiados, 3 persas y 35 son carpetas de documentos sueltos procedentes de las encuadernaciones de los códices. El fondo manuscrito hebreo está compuesto por 20 manuscritos, algunos únicos. Entre ellos se conserva un Mahzor o Libro de oraciones (conjunto de libros litúrgicos de la religión judía, que contiene el conjunto de oraciones de las festividades mayores) del siglo XV en pergamino y de procedencia española, o un rollo de Ester (es uno de los libros del Antiguo Testamento y del Tanaj) del siglo XVIII con escritura sefardí. Además, hay 7 contratos matrimoniales, uno de ellos en pergamino y decorado con iluminaciones, 4 amuletos y 3 fragmentos de rollos bíblicos. El resto son códices completos de obras de temas de Cábala (disciplina y escuela de pensamiento esotérico relacionada con el judaísmo) y mística o misceláneos.

    Todos ellos ingresaron en la biblioteca del CSIC hacia mediados del siglo pasado y representan un interés por los documentos de los judíos sefardíes ya que la mayoría tiene origen italo-seferdí o del norte de Marruecos. El fondo de manuscritos aljamiados es el más numeroso. Se conservan 42 códices aljamiados, de un total de 75 – el resto en árabe, más papeles sueltos. Esta colección es la más importante en cuanto a su unidad compositiva ya que, exceptuando diez códices de diferentes procedencias y fechas, el conjunto formado por los 42 manuscritos aljamiados, 23 códices árabes y las carpetas de documentos sueltos constituyen una colección. Esta unidad viene dada por el propio origen de los materiales ya que el corpus original fue escondido en un falso techo de una casa en Almonacid de la Sierra (Zaragoza) a principios del siglo XVII y encontrado en 1884. También pertenecieron a este fondo los dos códices que se encuentran en las Escuelas Pías de Zaragoza. Además de esta colección de documentos, la Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás conserva otro conjunto de diez códices árabes y tres persas de diferentes procedencias, principalmente de los siglos XIX y XX.

    El fondo manuscrito custodiado en la Biblioteca de la Escuela de Estudios Árabes (CSIC) está constituido por 134 obras en árabe distribuidas en 63 volúmenes y 1 códice misceláneo en hebreo. La procedencia de una parte de la colección se remonta a los primeros años de andadura del instituto como unidad dependiente de la Universidad de Granada, cuando se impulsó la creación de la biblioteca con un fondo inicial procedente de las siguientes bibliotecas: Biblioteca Provincial Universitaria y la de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras (según consta en el Reglamento publicado en la Gaceta de Madrid en noviembre de 1932). El resto de manuscritos se adquirió posteriormente, ya con el centro vinculado al CSIC, por donación o compra.

    La colección contiene obras que tratan fundamentalmente de cuestiones religiosas, aunque también las hay sobre derecho, literatura, lexicografía, gramática y poesía.

    Algunas obras han sido objeto de investigación, como lo es el Tratado de agricultura, de Ibn Luyūn (1348), de enorme valor bibliográfico, científico y patrimonial. Su importancia en el campo de la investigación agronómica ha justificado su estudio por numerosos especialistas españoles y extranjeros y su selección como pieza excepcional para diversas exposiciones de nuestro país. Otras, como las copias de Šarh al-`uyūn fī šarh Risālat Ibn Zaydūn de Ibn Nubāta y Ŷumla mujtasara min wāŷib umūr al-diyāna de Ibn Abī Zayd al-Qayrawānī han sido utilizadas para la realización de tesis universitarias en Madrid y Alicante, respectivamente.

    Destacar también los estudios codicológicos, principalmente de las encuadernaciones y del papel, realizados por especialistas en restauración cuyos resultados han sido presentados y publicados en congresos y revistas especializadas. En este sentido merece atención especial el: Kitāb al-Wādih, compendio gramatical de Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Zubaydī, cuya estructura podría considerarse de transición entre la encuadernación árabe y la mudéjar. Citar por último las copias de Al-`iqd al-munazzam de Ibn Salmūn, uno de los principales formularios notariales andalusíes, de un fragmento de la Muqaddi-ma de Ibn Jaldūn, de la Alfiyya de Ibn Mālik y Al-durr al-nafīs fī uns al-za`in wa-l-ŷalīs, refundición del Futūh al-Šām (Conquista de Siria) atribuida a al-Wāqidi.

    Cari Hernández

    Claude Pepper in Nuremberg

    The Florida State University Digital Library currently contains over 7,500 photographs from Claude Pepper’s life and career in public service. At the Claude Pepper Library we are regularly making more images available and each new batch provides a glimpse into history through Pepper’s eyes.

    Claude Pepper attending a press conference before the trial (November 13, 1945)

    Claude Pepper witnessed the build-up to, and aftermath of, World War II while travelling through Europe in 1938 and 1945. The stark differences he encountered are demonstrated in the photographs from his parallel visits to Nuremberg, Germany. In 1938, Pepper made a short detour in his trip to see the 10th Party Congress of the Nazis, the last of what is now called the Nuremberg Rallies. He returned to Nuremberg in the fall of 1945 to watch the preparations for international tribunal, meet with the American and British prosecutors, and attend the opening days of the trial.

    The parade grounds at the 1938 Nuremberg Rally

    Claude Pepper, along with his wife Mildred, took a long trip through Europe during August and September of 1938. They were not merely tourists, but met with political leaders and participated in Inter-parliamentary Union events while touring England, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. The Peppers paid close attention to the military buildup and preparations for war they saw as they traveled through each nation. Simultaneously, the Senator watched with optimism as the major powers attempted to negotiate for peace and placed his hope in the most recent agreement between England and Germany.

    Crowd saluting Nazi officials at the 1938 Nuremberg Rally

    Once in Germany, Pepper determined to attend the Party Congress in Nuremberg on September 7 and 8. He watched the precision marching of troops as well as thousands of “labor boys and girls” in front of the podium where Hitler and Deputy Chancellor Hess gave their speeches. From his place in the stands, facing the crowd, Pepper was able to feel the effect of this “display of mass movement and mass emotion”. (Claude Pepper Diary, 09-07-1938) Pepper would encounter these party leaders again in Nuremberg seven years later when he attended their trials on war crimes charges.

    Within months of the end of World War II, Claude Pepper planned a wide-ranging tour of Europe and the Middle East. He arrived in England in August 1945 and traveled through nations including Germany, Russia, Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Greece, Italy, Austria, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia before returning home in mid-December. Pepper dedicated two weeks, from November 9 to 23, to his stay in Nuremberg.

    Justice Robert H. Jackson giving his opening address (November 20, 1945)

    As a senator, he was given access to observe final arrangements for the trial, hear the prosecution’s evidence, and record of his impressions of the accused. He attended an interrogation of former Deputy Hess, now “thin and…peculiar”, whom he had last heard speak in 1938. (Claude Pepper Diary, 11-15-1945) Pepper spent considerable time with the chief prosecutor for the United States, Justice Robert H. Jackson, and was in the court room for his powerful speech on the second day of the trial. These events allowed Pepper to reflect on his memories of Germany in 1938. After viewing evidence from concentration camps and footage of the Nuremberg Rallies, he asked in his diary “Why couldn’t we all see it?” (Claude Pepper Diary, 11-13-1945)

    More images of Nuremberg and other destinations from Claude Pepper’s trips through Europe are available at the Florida State University Digital Library. Documents from these tours as well as diary transcripts can be found at the Claude Pepper Library.

    The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, “The Most Princely”

    November 21, 2014 marks the fiftieth anniversary of the opening of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. It took much effort and many years for this event to occur, so it is no surprise to hear the awe and admiration in some of the voices who spoke at the opening ceremony: in the audio above you can hear excerpts from Mayor Wagner, Brooklyn Borough President Abe Stark, and Roger Blough, the President of the U.S. Steel Corporation.

    In the 1910s and 1920s plans to build vehicular bridges between Staten Island and New Jersey were proposed, as were tunnels between the island and Brooklyn and Manhattan. In 1923, borings for a tunnel under the Narrows that would connect the Fourth Avenue line in Brooklyn with Staten Island were undertaken, but with the arrival of the Great Depression the idea for a subway tunnel was abandoned. Elsewhere on Staten Island connections to New Jersey were realized in 1928 with the Goethals Bridge and the Outerbridge Crossing, while the Bayonne Bridge began accommodating vehicles and pedestrians to Manhattan in 1931. Although more attempts were made to resurrect the proposal for a tunnel under the Narrows, eventually it was forsaken in favor of a suspension bridge.

    With the formation of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority in 1946, the plan for a bridge spanning the Narrows was advanced as the Authority was headed by Robert Moses, a man who disliked tunnels. At this time, and well into the early 1960s, Staten Island’s mid and southern section still held considerable farmland that profited by the available markets in Manhattan. With the announcement that a suspension bridge would truly be built between Brooklyn and Staten Island land prices began to rise. Much to the regret of preservationists the construction of the Brooklyn tower destroyed Fort Lafayette, an historic military outpost built after 1812, but in the late 1950s historic preservation was in its infancy and most people did not want to confront Robert Moses about such “trivial” concerns.

    Initially Islanders were not as opposed to the bridge as were the residents of Brooklyn: many hoped the bridge would bring economic expansion that would allow the island to achieve equal footing with the other boroughs. Officially, the Narrows span would serve several purposes, among them spurring industrial growth (which had been floundering on the island since the close of World War II) and circumnavigating traffic away from and around Manhattan, while connecting the southern and northern interstate highway system on the East Coast. The end result, of course, was that the bridge allowed for quick and easy access between Staten Island, New Jersey, Brooklyn, and the remaining boroughs.

    Naming the bridge led to numerous arguments. The Italian Historical Society had a lengthy discussion with Moses over the bridge’s moniker. Their proposal was finally accepted by Moses; hence the explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was honored as he was considered to be the first European to enter what would later be called the New York Harbor.

    Ground for the Verrazano Narrows Bridge was broken on August 13, 1959. The men who worked on the bridge referred to themselves as “Iron Workers” even though they worked with steel. Some lived in Brooklyn, while others traveled from one bridge job to another throughout the country. Native Americans from the Caughnawaga Reservation near Montreal, who commuted home on weekends, worked on the project. Three men died during construction. Had under netting been in place some of their deaths might have been averted.

    On opening day, November 21, 1964, Mayor Wagner called the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge “the most princely” of bridges, and other officials attending the invitation-only ceremony were equally ecstatic. Designed by Othmar Hermann Ammann, a native of Switzerland, the stupendous bridge towers are 623’ high. The bridge is so vast that the curvature of the earth needed to be considered during its design: for this reason the tops of the towers are 1 5/8” further apart then their bases. The cost to build the bridge was $305 million. In 1969 the lower roadway would open to accommodate the onslaught of traffic that was arriving at the bridge each day. It is still the longest suspension bridge in the United States, and the last large-scale bridge built in the area until construction on the new Tappan Zee bridge started last year.

    By 2009, the bridge was generating $1 million every twenty four hours for the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority; travelers can expect a rise in tolls in 2015. Currently, fifteen dollars is required on the Staten Island side of the crossing. With E-Z Pass the charge is six dollars and thirty six cents. Three or more trips in one month decreases the cost by a few nickels. The upcoming toll increase is deemed horrific to most Staten Island residents as was the arrival of numerous Brooklyn transplants after “The Bridge” opened… But that, of course, is another story.


    Reducir el uso del papel en la gestión documental

    La oficina sin papel ¿un sueño?
    http://www.cmswire.com/ 14/11/2014

    La oficina sin papel es sólo un sueño, y deberíamos estar preparando la mirada un poco más bajos..

    Así es como Doug Miles introduce el informe AIIM Industria de este año sobre la gestión de documentos, específicamente en los procesos sin papel.

    A pesar de que los trabajadores de oficina son móviles, conocimientos de informática y conscientes de que los procesos sin papel hará mejorar la productividad y reducir los costos, la mayoría de las organizaciones siguen luchando contra la marea de documentos en papel que obstruyen las oficinas y cabina en los procesos de negocios.

    AIIM – la Asociación para la Información y Gestión de la imagen – es una comunidad global de profesionales de la información.

    Sin embargo, no todo está perdido, dijo Miles. Las empresas tienen que cambiar las reglas de combate en esta guerra en curso en materia de residuos y las impresiones sin sentido, centrándose en los procesos sin papel que, o bien eliminar o reducir el uso de papel.

    Este es un interesante cambio en la estrategia de los documentos de vigilancia de la industria sobre el mismo tema en los últimos cinco años. Año tras año, hemos seguido la investigación de AIIM y el año después de que los problemas se repiten: la mala gestión de los registros, el compromiso pobres C-suite y el desarrollo de estrategias documento pobres.

    El informe de este año, Paper Wars: Una actualización del campo de batalla, reitera los mismos problemas. Y ahora, Miles está llamando a un cambio de estrategia – un movimiento que ya hemos visto con todos los proveedores de gestión de documentos más ágiles como Alfresco, Docurated, Hyland (ahora OnBase) y M-Files.

    Deje sus sistemas de hinchado, con sobrepeso detrás e ir ágil. “Hemos estado luchando las guerras de papel durante mucho tiempo. En estos días el armamento tecnológico es más barato, mejor, más rápido. Las tropas de oficina es móvil, ágil y altamente alfabetizada equipo. Las reglas de enfrentamiento han legitimado copias escaneadas y las firmas digitales, “, subrayó.

    AIIM presidente John Mancini, en una entrada de blog sobre el informe , se preguntó por qué todavía estamos tan atascados en el papel:

    Uno pensaría que después de 20 años de hablar de las oficinas sin papel que hubiéramos avanzado más de lo que tenemos. La verdad del asunto es que mientras que el consumo de papel – y papel infundido procesos – están disminuyendo, la tasa de disminución es aún un poco lenta “.

    C-Suite de la apatía

    Mancini dijo que uno de los mayores obstáculos para oficinas sin papel es la falta de compromiso de la alta dirección. Cuando se le preguntó si tenían una política específica para impulsar el papel de la empresa, sólo el 35 por ciento de las organizaciones que respondieron dijo que sí, explicó.

    Para reducir o eliminar el papel, la administración necesita para sentar las bases y dar a los empleados el permiso de usar herramientas como la firma electrónica y los registros digitales.

    CEO Docurated Alex Gorbansky reiteró ese mensaje, señalando que el informe pone de relieve la “desconexión significativa entre los imperativos empresariales de nivel ejecutivo y las realidades sobre el terreno a través de muchas grandes empresas.” Para llevar a cabo sus mandatos corporativos, las organizaciones tienen que buscar las mejores prácticas operacionales de sus compañeros, entre ellos el uso de la firma electrónica, se dijo CMSWire

    Eficiente y económica

    No hace falta decir que los registros electrónicos ahorrar espacio, mejorar la capacidad de financiamiento y reducir los residuos. Sin embargo, miles de millones de copias en papel innecesarios todavía se imprimen en todo el mundo todos los días, dijo Miles. “Un caso muy fuerte se puede hacer para todos los procesos digitales en la mejora de la productividad y reducir los costos, pero el mayor impacto es en la velocidad de respuesta – respuesta para el correo entrante, como respuesta a los cuellos de botella, como respuesta a cambios en la regulación, pero, sobre todo, la respuesta a el cliente, ciudadano o cliente “, señaló.

    “Negocio-a-la-velocidad-de-papel” no es aceptable más en un mundo de recursos compartidos de archivos instantáneos, móvil, tecnologías de colaboración social y otros.
    El problema con el papel

    La investigación de este año refleja las respuestas de 366 miembros AIIM encuestadas entre septiembre y octubre.

    Geográficamente, el 71 por ciento de los encuestados provienen de América del Norte, el 14 por ciento de Europa y el 15 por ciento del resto del mundo.

    Hoy en día, vamos a ver el uso de papel en la oficina en el momento y más adelante en la semana en los problemas y las soluciones que el papel y los procesos sin papel pueden resolver. A pesar de que el 21 por ciento o organizaciones reportan el uso de papel sigue en ascenso, el 33 por ciento dijo que el uso se ha mantenido estable – y el resto reportan una disminución.

    ¿Por qué tanto papel?

    El mayor impulsor es las reuniones, de acuerdo con el 59 por ciento de los encuestados. Luego está la firma, junto con los documentos de los encuestados imprimen simplemente para leer fuera de línea o fuera de la oficina. Si bien parece tabletas se han convertido en omnipresentes, los trabajadores de oficina todavía parecen preferir las copias en papel a documentos digitales protegidos por contraseña.

    Título de la imagen de Dino Borelli (Flickr) a través de un CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.


    Investigación sobre la gestión de documentos en las empresas italianas

    Prioridades de gestión docucumental de empresas italianas
    http://www.datamanager.it/ 14/11/2014

    El estudio lo llevó a cabo Canon-NetConsulting al entrevistar a los administradores de TI y compras de grandes empresas italianas y tamaños medianos. La contención de costes y racionalización de los procesos que conducen a las opciones de futuro en la gestión de documentos

    Italia Canon ha anunciado los resultados de la investigación independiente sobre la gestión de documentos en las empresas italianas encargadas de NetConsulting.

    Involucrados en el estudio fueron 420 empresas, de las cuales el 60% pertenecen al sector manufacturero y el 40% a la Hacienda / Retail / Logística / Servicios / Utilidades. Los administradores de TI fueron entrevistados (67,9%) y los gerentes de Compras / administrativo (32,1%) de las empresas grandes y medianas con más de 100 millones de euros en ventas.

    El escenario que surgió de la investigación pone de relieve la necesidad de digitalizar los procesos y optimizar la gestión de documentos dentro y fuera de la empresa para reducir los costos y hacer procedimientos más flexibles. En el enfoque también se incluye la necesidad de compartir el papel y la información digital de forma segura y cumplir con las regulaciones.

    En un entorno competitivo caracterizado por el aumento de los desafíos, más de un cuarto de las empresas encuestadas en primeros lugares, su objetivo en el corto plazo, es su expansión en Italia y en el extranjero (36% de la muestra), pero, poco después, se puede ver cómo los procesos de revisión son prioritarios para mejorar la eficiencia y reducir los costes (27,8%), especialmente en el campo de la gestión de documentos. Al mismo tiempo, se puso de relieve la necesidad de una reducción en el consumo de papel, en particular para los procedimientos de facturación, y una mejora en el modo de búsqueda de los documentos, para ahorrar tiempo y dinero.

    El volumen de productos de papel cada año, de hecho, sigue siendo muy importante: las investigaciones muestran que, en promedio, en un año se producen casi 2 millones de páginas por empresa, con un pico de más de 3,5 millones de empresas en el sector de la logística. Se trata principalmente de los departamentos administrativos que manejan grandes cantidades de documentos en papel (contemplados en el primer lugar volúmenes generados 60,8% de los encuestados). Esto se traduce en altos costos de operación, que son un aspecto crítico, el 25% de los encuestados, junto con la alta complejidad que se presenten a partir de la gestión de una flota de impresoras heterogénea (un 11,2%) y obsoletos (22% de la muestra tiene una base instalada sobre la edad de 4 años). Las empresas, sin embargo, siguen prefiriendo una gestión interna, en particular los de gran tamaño (más de 70%).

    Las respuestas de los encuestados señalaron, sin embargo, que la evolución hacia las diferentes formas de gestión de documentos requiere la adopción de nuevas impresoras con características avanzadas tales como el almacenamiento de archivos (importante para más del 60%), la conversión de documentos en la oficina (55% ) y la impresión móvil (40%).

    Es fácil ver cómo estos resultados allanarán el camino para una futura gestión de documentos estrategia profundamente diferente de la actual, que ayuda a las empresas para contener los costes y facilitar las nuevas posibilidades que ofrece la web para compartir documentos en movimiento y en nube, el aumento de la colaboración y la productividad.

    Sin embargo, el 56% de las empresas italianas se mantiene firmemente anclado a la utilización actual de la tarjeta, con picos de 62% en el sector financiero. En esto contrasta con el sector de los servicios (en el que un importante lugar es tomado por las empresas en el Viajes y Trasporte), el nivel de digitalización exceda del 50%. Así que todavía hay mucho que hacer para crear una cultura de Managed Document Services llevó a la adopción, por ejemplo, archivos digitales disponibles en la legislación italiana (en la actualidad sólo el 30% de las empresas analizadas está equipado para ello) y en la creación flujo de trabajo de los procedimientos digitales (por ejemplo, el 61% de los pedidos y el 51% de la facturación está todavía por hacer funcionando manualmente).

    “Canon siempre ha estado atento a la evolución y necesidades del mercado y esta investigación nos permite profundizar en las necesidades de nuestros clientes, apoyar el cambio hacia una gestión de documentos estrategia altamente personalizada y escalable”, dijo Teresa Edwards, Marketing y Director de Pre-ventas B2B Canon Italia. “Con nuestras soluciones somos capaces de gestionar todos los procesos relativos a los documentos, lo que garantiza una mayor eficiencia, mejorar la experiencia del usuario, y permite a las empresas de todos los tamaños para centrarse en su negocio principal.”

    Muscarum scarabeorum vermiumque, 1646

    Etching by Wenceslaus Hollar, 1646

    Recently cataloged: Muscarum scarabeorum vermiumque varie figure & formae / omnes primo ad uiuum coloribus depictae & ex Collectione Arundelian a Wenceslao Hollar aqua forti aeri insculptae (Antwerp, 1646) QL543.H65 1646

    These 12 lovely little etchings of “flies, beetles, and worms” are over 350 years old, but look as crisp as when they were printed. The thin paper carries some foxing (the small brown spots that appear with age), and at some point in the past they were mounted onto newer leaves and bound. They are the work of Wenceslas Hollar (1607-1677) who, though born in Prague, lived and worked primarily in England. He may perhaps be best known for his views of London, especially those before and after the Great Fire of 1666.

    The most complete guide to Hollar’s etchings is A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etched Work of Wenceslas Hollar, 1607-1677 by Richard Pennington (Cambridge University Press, 2002). In that bibliography, these 12 plates are numbered 2164 through 2175, and we can tell from the description that our copies are from the earliest known “state” since they do not have numbers, which were apparently added to the plates later.

    Our copy was a gift to the college from Charles M. Pratt, class of 1879, along with his large collection of other lepidoptera books. This particular volume also has a calling card laid in from “Mr. and Mrs. Henry C. Folger” with a note written on the back which reads “1646 strikes us as an early date for butterfly engravings – Sept. 30, 1906,” implying that this copy may have been a gift to Pratt from the Folgers.

    Hollar plate 1
    Hollar plate 2
    Hollar plate 3
    Hollar plate 4
    Hollar plate 5
    Hollar plate 6


    The Resiliency of NDNZ

    This post is part of a series of blog posts related to the Autry’s Undisciplined Research Project. To learn more, read the introduction by David Burton, Senior Director of the Autry’s Institute for the Study of the American West.

    In The Cante Sica visual histories, former boarding school residents graciously shared their experiences. It was surprising to me that most held a balanced perspective comprising both positive and negative recollections of life in the schools. Not all tribal boarding schools did harm, in contrast to the prevailing notion that they were basically prisons. Additionally, the narratives make evident that there is no monolithic boarding school experience and that it is important to look at each region, if not each school, on a case-by-case basis. For example, the schools in the South were characterized by segregation and racism, whereas most schools in the West were not.

    Two Corners in the Print Shop, photographs in The Phoenix Indian School: A Description of the Work of the Various Departments, the Objects Striven for and the Results Attained by Bess M. White, July 1912, Press of the Native American. Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; M.970.343
    Two Corners in the Print Shop, photographs in The Phoenix Indian School: A Description of the Work of the Various Departments, the Objects Striven for and the Results Attained by Bess M. White, July 1912, Press of the Native American. Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; M.970.343

    Another factor in determining the quality of the boarding school experience was the time period when each individual attended. Those that attended during the Great Depression, for instance, felt grateful because it offered relief from the poverty on their reservations, enabling them to eat three meals a day and have their own warm bed in which to sleep. Another positive outcome, according to many of the interviewed subjects, is that they appreciated this unique time in history where many tribal communities came together, even those who are hereditary enemies. Some students found their spouses in this tribal intermingling. Moreover, the mixing of tribal peoples enabled them to explore traditions, products, and forms from other Native cultures, fostering goodwill and setting the stage for a variety of current pan-Indian alliances and movements, including present day powwows.

    “Industrial” section in The Phoenix Indian School: A Description of the Work of the Various Departments, the Objects Striven for and the Results Attained by Bess M. White, July 1912, Press of the Native American. Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; M.970.343
    “Industrial” section in The Phoenix Indian School: A Description of the Work of the Various Departments, the Objects Striven for and the Results Attained by Bess M. White, July 1912, Press of the Native American. Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; M.970.343

    Positive outcomes notwithstanding, it cannot be denied that these institutions were not as much college preparatory schools that would create an equalizing effect in the society at large as they were glorified vocational schools, grooming students for menial, low-wage jobs needed in cities targeted by the federal government’s Indian Relocation Act of 1956. It is evident in the promotional literature of the schools, as well as from the interviews, that the students were expected to assimilate into the white, dominant, urban culture. Moreover, the focus on English-language learning—intended to provide success in the white world—at the same time caused the loss of Native language and culture.

    Many former students in The Cante Sica interviews elaborated on their encounters with assimilation. Some had it hard, missing their traditional foods and fresh produce from their gardens; yet others recalled the joy of tasting toast for first time. Similarly, some missed their traditional arts, such as weaving and drawing, which connected them to their cultures. There is, however, evidence of rich artistic expression in poetry written by a number of students. Some of it is extremely beautiful, illustrating how these young students found ways to intertwine their Native traditions with those of the Western culture to which they were adapting. Remarkably, one boarding school graduate went on to teach Navajo-informed design and textile-making at a prominent art college.

    “The Farm” section in The Phoenix Indian School: A Description of the Work of the Various Departments, the Objects Striven for and the Results Attained by Bess M. White, July 1912, Press of the Native American, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; M.970.343
    “The Farm” section in The Phoenix Indian School: A Description of the Work of the Various Departments, the Objects Striven for and the Results Attained by Bess M. White, July 1912, Press of the Native American, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; M.970.343

    Although many boarding school alumni carry a stigma about their experience, they also recognized its value and the role it played in their ultimate success and survival. Just as the negative stories need to be heard, so too should positive stories be shared and celebrated. I accentuate the positive outcomes especially because so many researchers are intent on highlighting the negative, and this, I feel, perpetuates a kind a victimhood that is counterproductive to healing. In contrast, I find the student poetry both empowering and life affirming, demonstrating individual agency and the diversity of experience. We as an Indian race are resilient, and we deserve to be seen as who we are today—strong, sovereign, vital—and not just as survivors. We adapt, we adjust, and we maintain the identity of our tribal affiliations.

    The Undisciplined Research Project provided me many insights and new perspectives as I build on my personal multimedia documentary project that chronicles the journey of Los Angeles Natives. Titled Legacy of Exiled NDNZ, it chronicles the resilience of Native peoples currently living in Los Angeles. My story is told through the voices of a handful of young adults who have either migrated from their respective reservations or were born in Los Angeles to parents who were caught up in the Indian Relocation program. From their perspectives we catch a glimpse into the maturing adolescent lives of a group of urban Indians who pay tribute to the first generation of relocated, or what I like to call “exiled,” American Indians from the 1950s.

    Image courtesy of Pamela J. Peters
    Image courtesy of Pamela J. Peters

    My project is highly influenced by Kent Mackenzie’s film The Exiles (1961), a neo-realist film focusing on American Indians assimilating into Los Angeles. Mackenzie was a socially conscious filmmaker, aware both of the Indian experience and that new inhabitants were transitioning from Indian boarding schools. Most were encouraged to leave behind their traditions and language in order to succeed in contemporary society. The film shows, however, that despite the vocational training these young people got from boarding schools, overall the Relocation program did not meet its obligation. Many boarding school students possessed work skills to succeed in cities and find blue-collar jobs just as other minorities had done. Ultimately though, potential for true success was sabotaged by the failure of the Relocation initiative to provide adequate support and assistance in helping migrants adapt to the broader aspects of urban life. Truth is, the real intent of the Relocation Program was not to assist young Natives in cities, but to remove them from their homelands to dispossess them of their land and their resources.

    It is important to point out that I too am a product of the Indian boarding school. This is why it is essential to me that people consider and appreciate the nuances of the experience. I was neither abused nor neglected. I made lifelong friends, many whom I consider my community in Los Angeles and beyond. That does not mean I wish to discredit or invalidate the trauma of those whose lives were shattered at boarding schools, only that a balanced history should be told. I tell you my story as an example of success: I am a tribal artist, writer, photographer, filmmaker, and scholar who explores of the journey of the American Indian experience. Through my work, I hope that society, as a whole, will be able to understand that contemporary Indians are resilient NDNZ, living and thriving in modern times.

    “Emerge,” introduction to Writings Diné, volume 1, number 1, Fall 1971. Brigham City, Utah: Language Arts Department, Intermountain School. Donated by Ellen Grim. Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; 970.696 34, N318, W83w, 1971
    “Emerge,” introduction to Writings Diné, volume 1, number 1, Fall 1971. Brigham City, Utah: Language Arts Department, Intermountain School. Donated by Ellen Grim. Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center; 970.696 34, N318, W83w, 1971

    We invite you to send your thoughts and comments to the Autry via Facebook and Twitter, or by e-mailing David Burton at dburton@theautry.org.

    “That I May Remember” Online Exhibit

    "October 27, 1917," Marion Emerett Colman Scrapbook (HP 2007-130 vol. 2).  You can find more information here
    “October 27, 1917,” Marion Emerett Colman Scrapbook (HP 2007-130 vol. 2). You can find more information here

    Currently on display in the Strozier Library Exhibit Room, “That I May Remember: The Scrapbooks of Florida State College for Women (1905-1947)” is an exhibit focusing on the scrapbooks made by the students of Florida State College for Women.  See our original announcement here.

    Now, we are proud to present an online extension of our exhibit.  The FSCW scrapbooks are rich with history and full of personality.  However, one of the challenges in displaying a scrapbook in an exhibit is that it can only display one page of each scrapbook.  This limitation makes it difficult to get the full depth of the scrapbook.  The online portion of “That I May Remember” takes an in-depth look at six selected scrapbooks.  The online exhibit includes over ninety images from each of the decades between the 1910s and the 1940s, while also providing additional history about some of the unique traditions of FSCW.

    "19-Freshmen Commission-31," from the Class of 1934 Scrapbook (HP 2007-042) Learn more about this scrapbook here
    “19-Freshmen Commission-31,” from the Class of 1934 Scrapbook (HP 2007-042) Learn more about this scrapbook here

    You can find the online portion of “That I May Remember” here.

    And don’t forget to visit the Strozier Library Exhibit Room to see the scrapbooks in person!

    Rebecca L. Bramlett is a graduate assistant in the Special Collections & Archives Division.  She is working on her Master of Library and Information Science at Florida State University.

    Cartas intimas de los "Archivos Perdidos de Marilyn Monroe" a subasta

    Salen a subasta cartas íntimas de Marilyn Monroe escritas por sus exmaridos
    http://www.telemetro.com/ 12/11/2014

    Alrededor de 300 artículos pertenecientes a Marilyn Monroe serán subastados el próximo mes de diciembre en Beverly Hills, incluyendo una serie de cartas íntimas que sus exmaridos -el jugador de béisbol Joe DiMaggio y el dramaturgo Arthur Miller- dirigieron a la actriz.

    “Te quiero y quiero estar contigo. No hay nada en este mundo que quiera más que recuperar tu confianza. Mi corazón se partió todavía más al verte llorar frente a toda esa gente”, escribió Di Maggio tras separarse de la intérprete en 1954, apenas unos meses después de contraer matrimonio.

    La correspondencia privada de Marilyn también incluye cartas que recibió de estrellas como Clark Gable, Cary Grant y Jane Russell que ahora forman parte de la colección ‘Los Archivos Perdidos de Marilyn Monroe’.En total, el organizador de la subasta, Martin Nolan, necesitó nueve meses para recopilar todo el material, que arroja nueva luz sobre la vida privada de uno de los grandes mitos del cine.

    “Realmente te da escalofríos cuando lees algunas de las cosas y ves lo íntimo y personal que resulta”, aseguró Nolan.En otra de las cartas mecanografiadas del dramaturgo Arthur Miller se incluye una posdata escrita a mano en la que se puede leer:

    “Por favor, si alguna vez te he hecho llorar o por mi culpa te has sentido más triste, aunque haya sido solo un segundo, por favor perdóname, mi chica perfecta. Te quiero”.

    A lo que Marilyn respondió:

    “Es doblemente difícil entender cómo tú, la persona más diferente y más hermosa, me eligió a mí”.

    Otros artículos incluidos en la subasta son una carta enmarcada del diseñador Cecil Beaton, en la que trataba de tranquilizar a Marilyn alabando su capacidad como actriz, así como un carrete de 19 minutos sobre su participación en la película ‘The Misfits’ (1961), en el que aparece en la playa junto a su compañero de reparto Clark Gable y varios amigos más.

    “Es fantástico ver lo amada que era. Pensábamos que era vulnerable y que le faltaba el cariño de la gente, que tenía ansía de amor y necesitaba consuelo. Pero en realidad sí lo tenía. Lo tuvo con Joe DiMaggio y también con Arthur Miller”, añadió.

    La actriz -quien falleció por sobredosis en 1962 a los 36 años- legó parte de su correspondencia a su maestra de actuación, Lee Strasberg, quien lo traspasó a su vez a un buen amigo para que cuidara de ellos.Los responsables de la casa de subastas Darren Julien creen que los artículos podrían alcanzar el millón de dólares (800.000 euros) cuando salgan a la venta el próximo 5 y 6 de diciembre.

    “Creo que habrá muchos fans aquí. Vendrán desde todas las partes del mundo”, señalaron.